Safety and Feasibility of Algisyl-LVR™ as a Method of Left Ventricular Restoration in Patients With DCM Undergoing Open-heart Surgery
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||SYM-08-001: A Pilot Study to Evaluate the Safety and Feasibility of Algisyl-LVR™ as a Method of Left Ventricular Restoration in Patients With Dilated Cardiomyopathy Undergoing Open-heart Surgery|
- Freedom from serious adverse events [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
|Study Start Date:||February 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Algisyl-LVR implants
Algisyl-LVR implants to the left ventricular wall
method of left ventricular restoration in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy
Heart Failure (HF) is a progressive condition that has diverse etiologies with only 50 percent of patients presenting at diagnosis with a defined reason for developing the disease. However, estimates are that over half of all patients presenting with HF have coronary artery disease (CAD) as the primary etiology. The most common etiologies among HF patients without CAD have been reported to be systemic hypertension and valvular disease. Irrespective of the etiology, the majority of patients with HF have symptoms due to an impairment of left ventricular (LV) myocardial function. HF is a progressive condition that results from myocardial damage. This damage can be caused by predisposing conditions or an acute event that leads to cardiac remodeling. The principal manifestation of such progression and cardiac remodeling is a change in the geometry and structure of the left ventricle (LV), such that the chamber dilates and/or hypertrophies and becomes more spherical. The cardiac remodeling is maladaptive and its progression leads to worsening of the clinical symptoms of HF, characterized by limited exercise tolerance and edema. Despite optimal medical management, HF is progressive in nature and patients have a mortality rate of over 50 percent in 5 years.
Structural heart abnormalities are known to play a central role in HF, and clinical evidence supports a strong causal relationship between cardiac chamber dilation and heart failure. Because dilation, and not contractile dysfunction, appears to be responsible for the severity of the disease, the mitigation or prevention of the deleterious dilation process appears to be an important therapeutic target for HF patients. Hence, a therapy that specifically targets progressive LV dilatation and remodeling by reshaping and reducing the LV chamber size may offer an important new alternative in the treatment of HF.
Algisyl-LVR™ is a single use, multiple component device under development for the indication to prevent or reverse the progression of heart failure (HF) by providing implanted space-occupying material in the myocardium to affect LV shape and prevent or reverse LV enlargement. The intended clinical benefits of Algisyl-LVR™ are to improve the failing heart's structure and function with an associated improvement in the patient's clinical status and quality of life. Data from this current study will be used to evaluate the initial feasibility of this novel therapeutic device.
The objective of this pilot study is to evaluate the feasibility and safety of the Algisyl-LVR™ device. No formal hypothesis testing will be performed. Descriptive statistics will be used to summarize operator (surgeon) experience and patient outcomes. The results of the study will be used to assess the design of the device and feasibility of the procedures to use the device. The study will also guide the design and sample size of future studies.
This study will be conducted at a several centers in Europe. The surgeon's experience with the use of the device will be collected and evaluated. Measures of safety and tolerability of Algisyl-LVR™ will be evaluated through analysis of adverse experiences, clinical laboratory tests, electrocardiograms, physical examinations, echocardiographic measures and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Measurements at specified time intervals will be compared to baseline values obtained prior to treatment.
Patients will be evaluated prior to the procedure, during the immediate post operative period, and then, return to the clinic at 8 days, 3 months, 6 months, 12 months, 18 months and 24 months after the procedure for follow-up evaluations.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00847964
|Deutsche Herzzentrum München|
|München, Bavaria, Germany, 80636|
|Heart Center of the Technical University of Dresden|
|John Paul II Hospital|
|Cracow, Poland, 31-202|
|Principal Investigator:||Klaus Matschke, MD||Heart Center Dresden University Hospital|