Efficacy and Safety of Mycograb as Adjunctive Therapy for Cryptococcal Meningitis in Patients With AIDS

This study has been terminated.
Information provided by:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: February 18, 2009
Last updated: NA
Last verified: February 2009
History: No changes posted
This is a multicenter, randomized, efficacy and safety trial to evaluate Mycograb®. Subjects will be randomized to one of the 3 arms: 1/ Amphotericin B (0.7 mg/kg/d) plus 5-flucytosine (100 mg /kg/d); 2/ Amphotericin B plus Mycograb® (dosed 1 mg/kg via a central line or peripheral venous line twice daily for 7 consecutive days); 3/ Amphotericin B plus 5-flucytosine plus Mycograb® (dosed 1 mg/kg via a central line or peripheral venous line twice daily for 7 consecutive days). After 2 weeks, all patients will be switched to fluconazole at 400 mg/d for 8 weeks and 200 mg/d thereafter. The total duration of the study will be approximately 24 months

Condition Intervention Phase
Cryptococcal Meningitis
Biological: Efungumab (Mycograb)
Biological: placebo
Biological: Amphotericin B
Biological: 5 flucytosine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Randomized Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Mycograb® as Adjunctive Therapy for Cryptococcal Meningitis in Patients With AIDS

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Novartis:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • proportion of patients (receiving Mycograb + Amphotericin B + 5-flucytosine) cured (combined clinical and microbiological response) versus placebo (Amphotericin B + 5-flucytosine) and versus Mycograb + Amphotericin B alone. [ Time Frame: day 14 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety of Mycograb versus placebo. Safety assessment will include: physical examination, vital signs, laboratory parameters, adverse events, serious adverse events. [ Time Frame: week 10 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Assess the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) penetration of Mycograb [ Time Frame: Days 3, 7 and 14 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Determine whether Mycograb + Amphotericin B is as effective as Amphotericin B plus 5-cytosine while avoiding the potential problem of 5-cytosine toxicity. [ Time Frame: Day 14 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 38
Study Start Date: August 2006
Primary Completion Date: November 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Mycograb + Amphotericin B + 5 flucytosine
Biological: Efungumab (Mycograb) Biological: Amphotericin B Biological: 5 flucytosine
Placebo Comparator: 2
Placebo + Amphotericin B + 5 flucytosine
Biological: placebo Biological: Amphotericin B Biological: 5 flucytosine
Experimental: 3
Mycograb + Amphotericin B
Biological: Efungumab (Mycograb) Biological: Amphotericin B


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion criteria:

  • Male or non-pregnant female who is > 18 years old.
  • HIV-positive or unknown, with acute, either first or recurrent episode of cryptococcal meningitis.
  • Currently on no treatment, or receiving treatment (< 3 days) with either amphotericin B plus 5-flucytosine, or amphotericin B alone.
  • Positive CSF culture for Cryptococcus neoforman.
  • Physical signs and symptoms of meningitis, evidenced by one or more of the following: fever, headache, meningeal signs and neurologic findings.

Exclusion criteria:

  • Excluded for coma, or significant other medical conditions.
  • Subject has other opportunistic fungal infections that requires other systemic antifungal therapies.

Other protocol-defined inclusion/exclusion criteria may apply

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00847678

South Africa
Novartis Investigative Site
South Africa, South Africa
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Study Director: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Novartis Pharmaceuticals
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: External Affairs, Novartis Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00847678     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MYC123A2201  NTP/Mycograb/003B 
Study First Received: February 18, 2009
Last Updated: February 18, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
South Africa: Medicines Control Council

Keywords provided by Novartis:
Cryptococcal Meningitis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Meningitis, Cryptococcal
Central Nervous System Diseases
Central Nervous System Fungal Infections
Central Nervous System Infections
Meningitis, Fungal
Nervous System Diseases
Amphotericin B
Liposomal amphotericin B
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antifungal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Antiprotozoal Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on February 04, 2016