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Gemcitabine, Cisplatin, and Sunitinib (GC-S) as Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Patients With Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier:
First received: February 18, 2009
Last updated: February 1, 2016
Last verified: February 2016
The purpose of this study is to find out if using the combination of standard chemotherapy (gemcitabine and cisplatin) plus this new targeted pill (sunitinib) can help shrink your tumor before you undergo surgery for your bladder cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Bladder Cancer
Urinary Bladder
Drug: Sunitinib
Drug: Gemcitabine
Drug: cisplatin
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Gemcitabine, Cisplatin, and Sunitinib (GC-S) as Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Patients With Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The Pathologic Complete Response Rate (<pT0) of Neoadjuvant GCS Regimen in Patients With Muscle-invasive Bladder Cancer. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Complete pathologic response to neoadjuvant GCS is the primary endpoint is defined as the absence of carcinoma (pT0 disease) and the absence of microscopic lymph node metastases (N0) on the final cystectomy specimen.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • The Pathologic Response Rate (<pT2) of Neoadjuvant GCS Regimen in Patients With Muscle-invasive Bladder Cancer. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    is defined as the absence of muscle invasive carcinoma (<pT2 disease) and the absence of microscopic lymph node metastases (N0) on the final cystectomy specimen.

  • The Time to Disease Progression in Patients With Muscle Invasive Urothelial Carcinoma of the Bladder Treated With Neoadjuvant GCS Followed by Radical Cystectomy. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    The time to disease progression is measured from the time of initiation of chemotherapy until the first date that systemic recurrence is objectively documented. Systemic recurrence for this trial is defined as either metastatic or local pelvic recurrence.

Enrollment: 18
Study Start Date: February 2009
Study Completion Date: November 2012
Primary Completion Date: November 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Gemcitabine, Cisplatin, and Sunitinib
This is a phase II study of GCS (Gemcitabine, Cisplatin, and Sunitinib) as neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder. Patients with muscle invasive urothelial carcinoma who are candidates for radical cystectomy will be enrolled.
Drug: Sunitinib
Sunitinib will be administered at a dose of 25mg orally once daily for 2 consecutive weeks followed by a 1 week rest period.
Drug: Gemcitabine
Gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m^2
Drug: cisplatin
cisplatin 35 mg/m^2 will be administered intravenously on days 1 and 8.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed muscle invasive transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder at MSKCC.
  • Clinical stage T2-T4a N0/X M0 disease.
  • Medically appropriate candidate for radical cystectomy as per MSKCC attending urologic oncologist.
  • Karnofsky Performance Status ≥ 70%.
  • Age ≥ 18 years of age.
  • Required Initial Laboratory Values:

    • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1500 cells/mm3
    • Platelets ≥ 100,000 cells/mm3
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0g/dL
    • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 the upper limit of normal (ULN) for the institution
    • Aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 x ULN for the institution
    • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 x ULN for the institution
    • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dL
  • Estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥ 60 ml/min/1.73m2 using the CKD-EPI equation:
  • eGFR = 141 x min(Scr/k, 1)a x max(Scr/k, 1)-1.209 x 0.993Age
  • x 1.018 [if female] x 1.159 [if black]
  • Scr is serum creatinine, k is 0.7 for females and 0.9 for males, a is -0.329 for females and -0.411 for males, min indicates the minimum of Scr/k or 1, and max indicates the maximum of Scr/k or 1.
  • If female of childbearing potential, pregnancy test is negative.
  • Patients with reproductive potential must use an effective method to avoid pregnancy for the duration of the trial.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior systemic chemotherapy (prior intravesical therapy is allowed)
  • Prior radiation therapy to the bladder
  • Evidence of NYHA functional class III or IV heart disease.
  • Serious intercurrent medical or psychiatric illness, including serious active infection.
  • Preexisting sensory grade 3 neuropathy
  • Major surgery or radiation therapy < 4 weeks of starting study treatment.
  • Concomitant use of any other investigational drugs
  • Any of the following within the 6 months prior to study drug administration:

myocardial infarction, severe/unstable angina, coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft, symptomatic congestive heart failure, cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack, or pulmonary embolism.

  • Ongoing cardiac dysrhythmias of NCI CTCAE Version 3.0 grade ≥ 2.
  • Prolonged QTc interval on baseline EKG (>450 msec for males and >470 msec for females).
  • Uncontrolled hypertension (>150/100 mmHg despite optimal medical therapy).
  • Pre-existing thyroid abnormality, with thyroid function tests that cannot be maintained in the normal range with medication.
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related illness or other active infection.
  • Concurrent treatment on another clinical trial. Supportive care trials or non-treatment trials, e.g. QOL, are allowed.
  • Ongoing treatment with therapeutic doses of warfarin (low dose warfarin up to 2 mg po daily for thromboembolic prophylaxis is allowed).
  • Pregnancy or breast-feeding. Patients must be surgically sterile or be postmenopausal,or must agree to use effective contraception during the period of therapy. The definition of effective contraception will be based on the judgment of the principal investigator or a designated associate. Male patients must be surgically sterile or agree to use effective contraception.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00847015

United States, New Jersey
Memorial Sloan-Kettering at Basking Ridge
Basking Ridge, New Jersey, United States, 07920
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center @ Suffolk
Commack, New York, United States, 11725
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center at Mercy Medical Center
Rockville Centre, New York, United States, 11570
Memoral Sloan Kettering Cancer Center@Phelps
Sleepy Hollow, New York, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Principal Investigator: Dean Bajorin, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00847015     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 08-159
Study First Received: February 18, 2009
Results First Received: October 19, 2015
Last Updated: February 1, 2016

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
SU011248 (Sunitinib Malate)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors processed this record on May 25, 2017