Study of Low Level Laser Therapy and Tinnitus Relief
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Randomized Evaluation of the Application of Low Level Laser Light Therapy Using the Erchonia Hearing Lasers for the Relief of Tinnitus Clinical Study Protocol.|
- Total Score on the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI). [ Time Frame: baseline and one week ]The Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) is a 25-item questionnaire to assess how tinnitus affects an individual's life. Each question is responded to as 'yes' (4 points); 'sometimes' (2 points) or 'no' (0 points). The individual scores for the 25 questions are added to get a total THI score from 0 to 100. The higher the total THI score, the greater the negative impact tinnitus has on the individual's life. Change in total THI score is calculated as total THI score after the one week procedure administration phase minus total THI score at baseline. A positive (+) change in total THI score indicates the negative impact of tinnitus on the individual's everyday life has worsened. A negative (-) change indicates the negative impact of tinnitus on the individual's everyday life has improved (lessened). A change in total THI score of -20 or greater indicates a meaningful lessening of the impact of tinnitus on the individual's life and is positive for study success.
- Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) [ Time Frame: baseline and 4 weeks ]The Beck Depression Inventory®-II (BDI®-II) is a 21-item questionnaire used to assess depression. Most items are rated on a 4-point scale from 0 to 3, and a few items are rated on a 7-point scale. Individual item scores are added to get a total score from 0 to 63. The higher the total score, the more severe the depression, and the lower the total score, the less severe the depression. Change in BDI®-II score is calculated as the BDI®-II score 4 weeks after baseline evaluation minus the BDI®-II score at baseline. A positive (+) change in BDI®-II score indicates that the depression has worsened. A negative (-) change in BDI®-II score indicates the depression has lessened. A change in BDI®-II score of -6 or greater indicates a meaningful lessening of depression and is positive for study success.
- Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)- Trait Portion [ Time Frame: baseline and 4 weeks ]The Trait portion of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-T) evaluates an individual's tendency to get anxious and how they respond to stress. The STAI-T has 20 items rated on a 4-point frequency of occurrence scale of 1=Almost Never, 2=Sometimes, 3=Moderately So, and 4=Very Much So. The individual scores are summed to get the total STAI-T score. The higher the total score, the more anxious the individual, and the lower the total score, the less anxious the individual. Change in STAI-T score is calculated as the STAI-T score at 4 weeks after baseline evaluation minus the STAI-T score at baseline. A positive (+) change in STAI-T score indicates that the anxiety has worsened. A negative (-) change in STAI-T score indicates the depression has lessened. A change in STAI-T score of -8 or greater indicates a meaningful lessening of anxiety and is positive for study success.
|Study Start Date:||August 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Erchonia Hearing Lasers #1 & #2
Erchonia Hearing Laser #1 is a dual laser system composed of a pulsed red 7.5 milliwatts (mW) laser of 635 nm +/- 5 nm and a pulsed green 7.5 mW laser of 532 nm, both lasers in simultaneous operation when the laser is activated.
Erchonia Hearing Laser #2 is a single diode laser that in pulsed mode emits 4.9 mW of red 635 nm +/- 5 nm light.
Device: Erchonia Hearing Lasers #1 & #2
Two treatments with Erchonia Hearing Laser #1 administered by the investigator at the test site, each treatment seven days apart.
Seven treatments with the Erchonia Hearing Laser #2 administered by the subject at home, one time each day for seven consecutive days, the first administration on the same day as the first administration with the Erchonia Hearing Laser #1 at the test site.
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Lasers
Inactive lasers that do not emit any therapeutic light.
Device: Placebo Lasers
The same test site and at-home treatment administration protocols are followed, but the laser devices do not emit any therapeutic light.
Tinnitus is the perception of sound, such as a ringing or hissing, that occurs in the ears or head in the absence of external stimuli. About 40-50 million people in the United States report experiencing tinnitus; 10-12 million have sought medical help for their tinnitus, with 2.5 million reporting their tinnitus as debilitating. As a result of the distressing nature of tinnitus, it is often accompanied by anxiety, depression and sleep difficulties.
Tinnitus is most often caused by sensorineural hearing loss due to presbyacusis (aging) or noise damage. It is believed that the tinnitus results when spurious neuro-electrical signals are produced by diseased, degenerated or damaged cochlear hair cells and interpreted by the brain as tinnitus.
There is presently no cure for tinnitus. Current management strategies include using other external sounds to distract from the tinnitus, teaching relaxation and stress reduction techniques, and prescription medications to help ease stress, anxiety, depression and sleep difficulties. However, in general, current tinnitus management techniques are only minimally effective. It is believed that low level laser light therapy may offer a simple, non-invasive means of relieving the symptoms of tinnitus. In theory, low level laser light penetrates targeted tissues to stimulate the mitochondria in underlying cells to produce energy through the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). In turn, the enhanced ATP fuels cellular energy and enhances blood flow to the cochlear hair cells (cilia) to assists in regulating the electrical signals disrupted by the diseased and/or degenerated cochlear hair cells. With the taming of the spurious electrical signals, the brain no longer has a basis to perceive the noise known as tinnitus.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00845975
|United States, California|
|McDonald Hearing Aid Center|
|Sacramento, California, United States, 95825|
|Principal Investigator:||Louis A Looper, MA, CCC-A||McDonald Hearing Aid Centers|