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Exenatide for the Treatment of Weight Gain Associated With Olanzapine in Obese Adults

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00845507
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 18, 2009
Results First Posted : April 20, 2018
Last Update Posted : April 20, 2018
Eli Lilly and Company
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Melissa Delbello, University of Cincinnati

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this research study is to test the safety and efficacy (how well it works) of exenatide as a treatment for weight gain associated with olanzapine in obese adults with Bipolar Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective Disorder

Exenatide has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes.

It has not been approved for the treatment of weight gain associated with olanzapine in obese adults with bipolar disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective Disorder

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Weight Gain Drug: Exenatide Drug: Placebo Phase 4

Detailed Description:
Double-blind studies suggest that olanzapine is highly effective for the treatment of individuals with bipolar disorder. However, weight gain and impaired glucose tolerance remain significant concerns associated with olanzapine. Exenatide is an anti-diabetic medication that is associated with weight loss and improved glucose regulation. Therefore, the overall goal of the proposed study is to conduct a 16-week double-blind placebo-controlled study of exenatide for the treatment of weight gain associated with olanzapine in 60 obese adults with bipolar disorder treated with olanzapine. We propose to conduct the study over the course of 24 months, with an expected enrollment of approximately 3 patients per month. The primary outcome measure will be change from baseline to endpoint in weight. The secondary outcome measures will include changes from baseline to endpoint, in body mass index (BMI), abdominal circumference, metabolic parameters, clinical global improvement of psychiatric symptoms, and change in manic, depressive and psychotic symptoms. Rates of adverse events also will be assessed.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 54 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Study of Exenatide for the Treatment of Weight Gain Associated With Olanzapine in Obese Adults With Bipolar Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective Disorder
Study Start Date : December 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Body Weight
Drug Information available for: Exenatide

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Exenatide Group
Exenatide dstarted at 5 mcg subcutaneously twice daily within one hour before the morning and evening meals, and increased (as tolerated) to 10 mcg.
Drug: Exenatide
The dosage of study medication will be 5 mcg injection of exenatide twice daily for 28 days. On day 28 the dosage may be increased, as tolerated, to 10 mcg twice daily.
Other Name: Exenatide (Byeta)

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Group
Placebo: Sterile solution in equivalent doses as Exenatide
Drug: Placebo
Placebo: Sterile solution in equivalent doses as Exenatide

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Weight From Baseline to Endpoint. [ Time Frame: 16 Weeks ]
    Change in weight from baseline to endpoint in the intent-to-treat (ITT) population (all subjects who took at least one dose of study medication and had one post-baseline evaluation).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Body Mass Index (BMI) From Baseline to Endpoint. [ Time Frame: 16 Weeks ]
    Secondary outcome measures included change in body mass index (BMI).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects must be between the ages of 18 and 55 years old.
  2. Subjects must have bipolar I disorder, schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or MDD as defined by DSM-IV-TR criteria and diagnosed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID).
  3. Subjects must have a Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) score < 16 and a Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) score < 24 at screening and baseline visits.
  4. Subjects must have the Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) scores <2 on all subscales.
  5. Subjects must have gained > 7% of their body weight following treatment with olanzapine as either documented in their medical records or by patient report.
  6. Subjects must be obese, as defined by a current Body Mass Index (BMI) > 30 kg/m2.
  7. Subjects must sign the Informed Consent Document after the nature of the trial has been fully explained.
  8. If female, subjects must be: postmenopausal, surgically incapable of childbearing, or practicing medically acceptable method(s) of contraception (e.g., hormonal methods, intrauterine device, abstinence) for at least one month prior to study entry and throughout the study.
  9. Subjects must be on a stable dose of olanzapine for at least 14 days and must have been on 5-30mg/day for at least 1 month.

Major Exclusion Criteria

  1. Subjects with clinically significant suicidal or homicidal ideation.
  2. Subjects who have a DSM-IV lifetime diagnosis of a substance dependence disorder within the past 6 months or within the past month have been diagnosed with a substance abuse disorder, (except for nicotine abuse or dependence), as determined by psychiatric history or SCID interview.
  3. Subjects with a clinically significant or unstable medical disease, including hepatic, renal, gastroenterologic, respiratory, cardiovascular, endocrinologic, immunologic, hematologic or other systemic medical conditions, that could interfere with diagnosis, assessment, or treatment of bipolar disorder or obesity, as well as subjects with a history of pancreatitis.
  4. Patients with clinically significant laboratory abnormalities (> 3 times upper limit of normal), on any of the following tests: CBC with differential, electrolytes, BUN, creatinine, hepatic transaminases, lipid profile, fasting glucose, urinalysis, or thyroid indices or clinically abnormal ECG.
  5. Female patients who are either pregnant or lactating.
  6. Any female patient whose sexual activity is unknown or in questions.
  7. Any history of current or past diabetes that has been treated with pharmacological intervention. Subjects who have a diagnosis of diabetes, are currently receiving exenatide, insulin, or an oral anti-hyperglycemic medication, or who have a nonfasting blood glucose ≥ 200 mg/dl or a fasting blood glucose ≥126 mg/dl on 2 separate tests. Subjects with pre-diabetes will not be excluded.
  8. Neurological disorders including epilepsy, stroke, or severe head trauma. Mental retardation (IQ <70).

10. Treatment with an injectable depot neuroleptic within less than one dosing interval between depot neuroleptic injections and day 0.

11. Treatment with concurrent mood stabilizers (except lithium), anticonvulsants, or antipsychotics.

12. Other psychotic disorders (including delusional disorder, brief psychotic disorder, psychotic disorder due to a general medical condition, substance-induced psychotic disorder, psychotic disorder not otherwise specified) as defined in the DSM-IV.

13. Dysthymic disorder or depressive disorder not otherwise specified, bipolar disorder not otherwise specified.

14. Subjects previously enrolled in this study or have previously been treated with exenatide.

15. Subjects who have received an experimental drug within 30 days. 16. Subjects who are displaying current clinically significant depressive or manic symptoms, defined as a MADRS score >24 or a YMRS score > 16 or who currently meet DSM-IV-TR criteria for a manic, mixed, hypomanic, or depressive episode.

17. Subjects who are displaying current clinically significant psychotic symptoms, defined as any SAPS subscale score > 2 18. Subjects with a history of pancreatitis in themselves or any risk factors for developing pancreatitis (risk factors include but are not limited to: alcohol use, history of gallbladder disease or gallstones, diabetes or a family history of pancreatitis) 19. Subjects with elevated amylase or lipase levels as measured at the screening visit

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00845507

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United States, Ohio
University of Cincinnati
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45219
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Cincinnati
Eli Lilly and Company
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Principal Investigator: Melissa DelBello, MD University of Cincinnati
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Responsible Party: Melissa Delbello, Professor, University of Cincinnati Identifier: NCT00845507    
Other Study ID Numbers: Exenatide
First Posted: February 18, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 20, 2018
Last Update Posted: April 20, 2018
Last Verified: August 2015
Keywords provided by Melissa Delbello, University of Cincinnati:
weight gain
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Body Weight
Weight Gain
Body Weight Changes
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Obesity Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists