Newborn Screening for Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID) in a High-Risk Population
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The goal of the proposed research is to establish the validity of a newborn screening method for severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). The assay to be used is developed on the basis of PCR quantification of T-cell receptor excision circles (TRECs) that is absent in SCID patients, thus correlating with the disease
Condition or disease
Severe Combined ImmunodeficiencyT Cell Lymphocytopenia
To show that early diagnosis of SCID with a TREC screening assay can warrant timely treatment of the disease and avoid life-threatening infections on patients. Babies with SCID are unable to fight infections. They become severely ill in their first months of life and do not survive unless their immune systems can be restored. SCID can be treated by bone marrow transplant if recognized early. The newborn screening test to be employed in this study is designed to diagnose SCID before infections occur. By conducting a pilot testing program in a high-risk population on the Navajo Indian Reservation, where one in 2,000 infants is born with SCID, we hope to confirm the benefits of newborn screening for early diagnosis of SCID
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Ages Eligible for Study:
up to 30 Days (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Birth in a study hospital on the Navajo Reservation