The CASABLANCA Study: Catheter Sampled Blood Archive in Cardiovascular Diseases (CASABLANCA)
Contrast Induced Nephropathy
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||The CASABLANCA Study: Catheter Sampled Blood Archive in Cardiovascular Diseases. An Observational Biomarker Study|
- major cardiovascular event [ Time Frame: 1 year follow up ]
- renal dysfunction [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
Biospecimen Retention: Samples Without DNA
|Study Start Date:||September 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2015|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
The purpose of this research is to determine the relationship between (novel) cardiac and renal biomarkers before and after angiography. Clearly, having data immediately forewarning the clinician that cardiomyocyte injury has occurred, or that impending renal failure is ahead would allow for therapeutic intervention to reduce the likelihood for severe complications, and would ultimately pave the way for opportunities to derive methods to better prevent these complications. With the rapid evolution of organ-specific markers of injury comes an opportunity to explore new venues for their application.
With respect to myocardial injury, a new highly sensitive troponin molecule testing assays have recently been validated which enables to detect extremely small concentrations of troponin released in the circulation. With these assays, it may be possible to detect possible troponin release as early as minutes after injury has occurred.
Accordingly, as a primary goal of the CASABLANCA study, we will examine the release of high sensitivity troponin assays during catheterization and correlate with clinical and standard biochemical measures in order to see if a gradient of change during catheterization would be associated with subsequent recognition of peri-procedural myocardial infarction; it is the expectation that ultra high-sensitivity troponin methods will allow for nearly immediate recognition of complications following heart catheterization, when compared to the standard, non-high sensitivity methods currently in use.
With regards to peri-procedural renal injury, at present, several serum markers are being studied as potential markers or predictors in contrast induced nephropathy (CIN): Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is highly accumulated in the kidney cortical tubules and leaks into the circulation after nephrotoxic and ischemic injuries. Up-regulation of the neutrophil adhesion receptor CD11b has also been associated with acute renal injury after cardiac surgery, while carbamylated hemoglobin performed quite well in differentiating acute kidney injury from elevated creatinine due to chronic kidney disease. Finally, Cystatin-C has shown to have a good accuracy for the early diagnosis of acute kidney injury before the clinical diagnosis as well.
In addition, blood will be stored for future testing of novel and experimental biomarkers in 'bench-to-bedside' collaborations, as a final yet crucial step in translational research.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00842868
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Massachusetts General Hospital|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114|
|Principal Investigator:||James L Januzzi, MD||Massachusetts General Hospital|