Genetics of Type 2 Diabetes Among Han Chinese

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00837408
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 5, 2009
Last Update Posted : October 1, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) )

Brief Summary:


  • To conduct a genome-wide association study (GWAS) to identify susceptibility genetic variants for diabetes among Han Chinese.
  • To conduct resequencing of positional candidate gene/loci to identify likely functional variants in a subset of the cohort.
  • To conduct replication studies of the top-100 scoring variants in three independent African and European ancestry samples.
  • To investigate whether diabetes-associated variants discovered in European populations increase diabetes risk in Han Chinese.


  • Patients 25 years of age with newly diagnosed T2D in Suizhou, China. Control subjects are nondiabetics, age and ethnically matched to patients.


  • The study design for both patients and controls consists of the following steps:
  • Discuss informed consent process and obtain signed informed consent form. Informed consent will be administered by trained clinic staff.
  • Assign study ID (barcode)
  • Administer questionnaires
  • Obtain spot urine sample
  • Measure blood pressure
  • Obtain anthropometric measurements including body composition
  • Perform finger prick for blood glucose level
  • Obtain venous blood samples
  • Perform eye examination
  • On the following day, perform confirmatory blood glucose for the small subset of participants requiring confirmation of previous test result
  • DNA extraction of stored samples will be done at either the National Institutes of Health or the laboratory in China.
  • GWAS will be conducted using publicly available software packages.

Condition or disease
Diabetes Hypertension

Detailed Description:
This research protocol is designed to study the genetic basis of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) in Han Chinese. This project taking place at Suizhou Central Hospital complements several years of similar research activities conducted by Dr. Rotimi s lab in populations of the African Diaspora with study sites in Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya and the US. Suizhou Hospital was selected because of the existence of an excellent team of research investigators, infrastructure and more importantly, the availability of a large population from which to enroll and examine persons with diabetes and normal controls. Previous funding from Dr. Rotimi s lab at Howard University made it possible for Dr. Jiang and staff to enroll 1000 cases and controls. Therefore, the goal of the current project is to enroll additional 1500 cases of T2D and 1500 ethnically matched Han controls from Suizhou to facilitate the conduct of genome-wide association study (GWAS) and candidate gene/loci studies in Han, Chinese. The current project will increase the number of subjects for future GWAS, linkage disequilibrium (LD) mapping and functional studies to over 4,000 ethnically balanced cases (greater than 2,000) and controls (greater than 2,000). Identified candidate genes/loci will be investigated by re-sequencing and functional studies will be conducted to identify susceptibility variants for diabetes and associated complications including obesity, hypertension, nephropathy, neuropathy and retinopathy. Given past activities, it is also anticipated that this resource will form the basis of multiple collaborations between Dr. Rotimi s lab, several NIH intramural researchers and non-NIH scientists.

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 2379 participants
Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Genetics of Type 2 Diabetes Among Han Chinese
Study Start Date : February 3, 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes
Individuals without Type 2 Diabetes

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Type 2 Diabetes [ Time Frame: Cross-sectional ]
    Diagnosis of type 2 diabetes based on blood glucose measurement.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   25 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Cases will be drawn from Type 2 Diabetics attending clinics at the Suizhou Central Hospital. Controls will be ethnicity-matched individuals from the community served by this hospital.

Cases Men and women with confirmed type 2 diabetes mellitus that are either on treatment for diabetes or newly diagnose with blood sugar reading on more than one occasion exceeding or equal to 126 mg/dl. These persons must be above the age of 25 years. In this regard, all newly diagnosed participants will be required to visit the clinic on the following day to perform fasting blood glucose test to confirm previous results.

Controls Men and women with fasting plasma glucose (FPG) less than 100 mg/dl (5.6 mmol/l). Controls must be above age 25 years and should be ethnically matched to the cases. Enrolled cases and controls have to be unrelated. Therefore, only one person may be enrolled from each family unless they are husband and wife.

Attempts will be made to enroll an equal number of men and women. To ensure that ethnic distribution is maintained in the parent study, we are proposing to enroll only Han Chinese participants.


People who do not meet the above criteria (e.g., younger than 24, without the blood sugar requirements, etc). No more than one non-spouse member of each family. No prisoners, pregnant women or fetuses will be included in this study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00837408

HuBei Suizhou Central Hospital
Suizhou, China
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
Principal Investigator: Charles N Rotimi, M.D. National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)

Responsible Party: National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) Identifier: NCT00837408     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 999909071
First Posted: February 5, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 1, 2018
Last Verified: September 26, 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) ):

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases