Vorinostat Plus Radiation Therapy in Pancreatic Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00831493
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Slow Accrual.)
First Posted : January 29, 2009
Results First Posted : February 24, 2012
Last Update Posted : February 28, 2012
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

Primary Endpoint:

To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of vorinostat + radiation therapy (RT) in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC).

Secondary Endpoints:

  1. To assess the efficacy of vorinostat + RT in patients with LAPC as estimated by median overall survival.
  2. To determine the radiological response as assessed by regular computer tomography (CT) and/or dynamic contrast enhanced computer tomography (DCE-CT) among patients treated with vorinostat and RT.
  3. To evaluate the occurrence of symptoms and correlate to disease progression and tolerance to treatment using the MD Anderson Symptom Inventory-Gastrointestinal Module (MDASI-GI) self-reporting tool.
  4. To correlate serum cytokine levels with symptoms and treatment outcomes.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pancreatic Cancer Radiation: Chemoradiation (Radiation Therapy) Drug: Vorinostat Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The Study Drugs:

Vorinostat is designed to interfere with the growth of cancer cells.

Study Drug Dose Level:

If you are found to be eligible to take part in the study, you will begin receiving vorinostat. The dose you receive will be based on how many participants have been enrolled before you, and on the safety data available. The first group of 3 enrolled participants will be given low doses of vorinostat. If no intolerable side effects occur, the next group of 3 will be enrolled at a higher dose level. The study doctor will tell you what dose you will be receiving and how it compares to the doses other participants have received. Up to 3 dose levels will be tested.

Study Drug Administration:

On each day that you receive radiation, you will take vorinostat (as a capsule taken by mouth) in the morning with food.


You will receive radiation once a day on Monday through Friday, except for holidays. This schedule will be continued for 5 1/2 weeks or 28 doses total. Each radiation treatment will usually last about 10-15 minutes.

Surgical Evaluation:

After completing radiation therapy, you will come back for a follow-up visit about 6-12 weeks later.

Length of Study:

You will remain on study for up to 5 1/2 weeks. You will be taken off-study early if the disease gets worse or intolerable side effects occur.

This is an investigational study. Vorinostat is FDA approved and commercially available. The use of vorinostat for pancreatic cancer and in combination with radiation is investigational. At this time, this combination is being used in research only.

Up to 37 patients will take part in the study. All will be enrolled at M. D. Anderson.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 3 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Trial of Vorinostat and Radiation Therapy in Patients With Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer
Study Start Date : May 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Vorinostat

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Vorinostat + Radiation Therapy
Vorinostat starting dose 200 mg orally once daily, Monday to Friday, Weeks 1 to 6; Radiation Therapy Dose of 50.4 Gray (Gy) in 1.8 Gy fractions in 28 fractions, Monday to Friday, Weeks 1 to 6.
Radiation: Chemoradiation (Radiation Therapy)
Dose of 50.4 Gy in 1.8 Gy fractions in 28 fractions, Monday to Friday, Weeks 1 to 6.
Other Names:
  • XRT
  • RT

Drug: Vorinostat
Starting Dose of 200 mg orally once daily, Monday to Friday, Weeks 1 to 6.
Other Names:
  • SAHA
  • Suberoylanilide Hydroxamic Acid
  • MSK-390

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of Vorinostat + Chemoradiation [ Time Frame: Toxicity assessment at 6 weeks following chemoradiation (6 weeks) ]
    MTD is maximum dose at which 6 patients are treated and there is at most 1 patient with dose limiting toxicities (DLT). Toxicities graded according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse events (CTCAE).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1.
  2. Patients must be >/= 18 years of age. There will be no upper age restriction.
  3. Cytologic or histologic proof of adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. Patients can have tumor originating in any part of the pancreas. Islet cell tumors are not eligible. Only patients with non- metastatic, unresectable disease (American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 2002 stage T4 NX M0) are eligible. Patients who cannot undergo resection because of underlying medical problems are also eligible. Patients with regional nodal disease are eligible.
  4. All patients must be staged with a physical exam, chest x-ray/CXR, and contrast-enhanced helical thin-cut abdominal CT. Unresectability is defined by CT criteria: a) evidence of tumor extension to the celiac axis or superior mesenteric (SM) artery, or b) evidence on either CT or angiogram of occlusion of the SM vein or SM/ portal vein confluence. If a tumor does not meet this definition and is found to be unresectable at surgical exploration, then that tumor is considered unresectable.
  5. Patients may have received prior chemotherapy but not prior radiation therapy to the upper abdomen.
  6. Bone marrow function: absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >1,500/ul. Platelets >100,000/ul.
  7. Hepatic function: Total bilirubin less than 1.5mg/dL. If the patient required an endobiliary stent and/or external biliary drain, the bilirubin level must have declined on consecutive measurements indicating adequate biliary decompression; alanine aminotransferase (ALT) </= 5 times the upper limit of normal.
  8. Renal function: Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) </= 30 mg% and creatinine </= 1.5 mg%
  9. Patients must be willing to sign informed consent indicating that they are aware of the investigational nature of the study, and are aware that participation is voluntary.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Prior abdominal radiotherapy.
  2. Participation in any other experimental drug study in the 30 days preceding initiation of treatment on the current study.
  3. Prior treatment with HDAC inhibitors (except valproic acid with a 30-day washout period)
  4. Prior history of cancer within the last five years except for basal cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix. Patients with previous malignancies but without evidence of disease for 5 years will be allowed to enter the trial.
  5. Pregnant or lactating women. Women of childbearing potential with either a positive or no pregnancy test at baseline. Women / men of childbearing potential not using a reliable contraceptive method (oral contraceptive, other hormonal contraceptive, intrauterine device, diaphragm or condom). (Postmenopausal women must have been amenorrheic for at least 12 months to be considered of non-childbearing potential). Patients must agree to continue contraception for 30 days from the date of the last study drug administration.
  6. Serious, uncontrolled, concurrent infection(s) requiring intravenous (IV) antibiotics or nonmalignant medical illnesses that are uncontrolled or whose control may be jeopardized by the complications of this therapy.
  7. Current treatment of active hepatitis virus or HIV infection with interferon, ribavirin, telbivudine, entecavir, lamivudine, adefovir, efavirenz, zidovudine, tenofovir, emtricitabine, or ritonavir.
  8. Psychiatric disorders rendering patients incapable of complying with the requirements of the protocol.
  9. Inability to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00831493

United States, Texas
UT MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Principal Investigator: Sunil Krishnan, MD UT MD Anderson Cancer Center

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00831493     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2008-0780
First Posted: January 29, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 24, 2012
Last Update Posted: February 28, 2012
Last Verified: February 2012

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Pancreatic Cancer
Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer
Radiation Therapy
Suberoylanilide Hydroxamic Acid

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action