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Characterization of Prostate Cancer With 3T MR

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00831142
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : January 28, 2009
Last Update Posted : February 26, 2019
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
David Alsop, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Brief Summary:

The long-term goal of this proposal is to provide a pre-treatment evaluation that can assist in the rational selection of patients to undergo appropriate and definitive therapy for prostate cancer. In so doing, it may be possible to further improve the numbers and percentage of cancer patients who receive effective therapy that will cure the disease and maximize their quality of life following therapy.

  • Aim 1: To evaluate the accuracy of T2W MRI, DCE-MRI and their combined data for staging prostate cancer.
  • Aim 2: To evaluate the accuracy of MRI in determining tumor volume in the prostate gland.
  • Aim 3: To evaluate the accuracy of MRI in grading prostate cancer.

Condition or disease
Prostate Cancer

Detailed Description:

In our laboratory we have combined the use of new 3T clinical magnetic resonance (MR) technology, dynamic-contrast enhancement (DCE), and a unique endorectal-coil (ERC) probe in order to non-invasively obtain images of the prostate gland with higher signal-to-noise resolution and better spectral dispersion than has been previously achieved. This imaging strategy acquires higher-resolution images with smaller voxel sizes than has been possible with prior MR technology and more comprehensive tissue sampling compared to other pre-surgical assessments. This methodology should make it feasible to assess prostate-tissue morphology and additional features of prostate cancer such as tissue metabolism, tissue kinetics, and the vascular microenvironment, and thus provide a non-invasive tool to: 1) detect extra-capsular spread, 2) detect specific areas within the prostate that harbor cancer, 3) determine the aggressiveness of the cancer and 4) direct biopsy and treatment specifically to diseased areas.

In order to prospectively validate these goals we will recruit successive patients who have been scheduled for prostate removal to participate to our protocol. Each patient will be studied with an ERC MRI at 3T using T2-weighted (T2W) imaging, DCE 3D T1-weighted imaging and MR spectroscopy (MRS). A pathologist using whole mount preparations will independently analyze each patient's prostate specimen. The whole mount data will be used as the standard against which we will compare the observations and data obtained from the 3T MRI findings.

Aim 1: To evaluate the accuracy of T2W MRI, DCE-MRI and their combined data for staging prostate cancer.

Supplementing T2W imaging with the high-resolution capability of 3TMR, we will apply standard morphologic criteria used at 1.5T to determine the presence or absence of extracapsular extension (ECE) of disease. The possible incremental value of high spatial resolution, dynamic contrast-enhanced data will be investigated. MRI results will be compared to ECE determination at whole-mount pathology.

Aim 2: To evaluate the accuracy of MRI in determining tumor volume in the prostate gland.

Using dynamic-contrast enhanced MRI with parametric analyses and T2-weighted images, both at smaller voxel sizes than have been used previously, will be our approach. Tumor volumes determined with MRI will be compared to those determined at pathology.

Aim 3: To evaluate the accuracy of MRI in grading prostate cancer.

The enhanced resolution available at 3T offers new opportunities to compare Gleason grades with independent and combined assessments of tissue kinetics and metabolism. Pixel by pixel parametric analyses will be obtained. Furthermore, choline to citrate and choline plus creatine to citrate ratios determined using MRS techniques will be obtained. Single voxel techniques will first be employed, followed by 3D chemical shift imaging, when the latter becomes available at 3T. DCE and MRS data will be compared both separately and in combination to the histologic Gleason scores of the comparable tumor identified at whole mount pathology.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 236 participants
Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Characterization of Prostate Cancer With 3T MR
Study Start Date : June 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 1, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer
Males with prostate cancer, referred for biopsy or radical prostatectomy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
The sample will include 50 male patients per year of all races and ethnic origins over 40 years of age who are likely to undergo radical prostatectomy for prostate carcinoma. Patients will be imaged using MRI/MRS.

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Biopsy-proven adenocarcinoma of the prostate.
  2. Written documentation from the urologist stating the anticipation that the patient will undergo radical prostatectomy or biopsy of the prostate within six months of MRI.
  3. The interval between biopsy and protocol MRI must not be less than 2 weeks.
  4. Pathologic specimens from radical prostatectomy must be provided for whole mount analysis.
  5. Patients will sign a study-specific consent prior to study entry.
  6. Men above the age of 40 years old

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Patients who because of age, general medical or psychiatric condition, or physiologic status unrelated to the presence of prostate cancer cannot give valid informed consent.
  2. Patients unwilling or unable to undergo MRI including patients with contra-indications to MRI such as the presence of cardiac pacemakers or non-compatible intracranial vascular clips.
  3. Patients who cannot tolerate or have contra-indications to ERC insertion; for example, patients who have had a prior abdominoperineal resection of the rectum or have Crohn's disease.
  4. Patients with an allergic reaction to latex.
  5. Cryosurgery, surgery for prostate cancer including TURP, prostatic radiotherapy, including bradiotherapy for rectal cancer, androgen deprivation therapy, rectal surgery, or alternative medicine prior to radical prostatectomy.
  6. Any metallic implant (e.g. hip) or device that might distort local magnetic field and compromise quality of MRI.
  7. Radical prostatectomy or biopsy of the prostate not planned to be performed within six (6) months of protocol MRI.
  8. Patients who have undergone BCG for bladder cancer.
  9. Patients with severe motion artifacts rendering the data unusable.
  10. Patients who have an allergic history to gadopentetate dimeglumine administration.
  11. Patients with a contraindication to the administration of glucagon (pheochromocytoma, islet pancreatic tumor, or insulin-dependent diabetes) or a prior history of allergic reaction following glucagon administration.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00831142

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United States, Massachusetts
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Sponsors and Collaborators
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: David C Alsop, PhD Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

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Responsible Party: David Alsop, Director of MR Research, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Identifier: NCT00831142     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2006P000154
5R01CA116465-04 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: January 28, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 26, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019
Keywords provided by David Alsop, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center:
Prostate Cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases