Pompe Prevalence Study in Patients With Muscle Weakness Without Diagnosis (POPS)
An international consensual group recommends confirming the diagnosis of the Pompe disease after a dried blood spot (DBS) with a dosage of the enzymatic activity in other tissue. This strategy is currently used in the usual practice.
The aim is evaluate the prevalence of the Pompe disease among patients with progressive limb girdle muscular weakness and/or axial deficiency, and/or respiratory insufficiency. The diagnosis will be confirmed using DBS.
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||Pompe Prevalence Study in Patients With Muscle Weakness Without Diagnosis|
- Evaluate the prevalence of the Pompe disease among patients with progressive limb girdle muscular weakness and/or axial deficiency, and/or respiratory insufficiency. The diagnosis will be confirmed using DBS. [ Time Frame: during the first and the only visit ]
- Evaluate the relative sensibility of the diagnosis in the Pompe disease by muscular biopsy with histological methods (PAS and acid phosphatase). [ Time Frame: during the first and the only visit ]
- Define the various methods of diagnosis for the Pompe Disease. [ Time Frame: during the first and the only visit ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
pompe's disease suspected patient
Procedure: blood test
There is only a blood test at the beginning.
In Pompe disease, deficiency of the enzyme acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA) results in accumulation of glycogen within the lyososomes of numerous tissues and cell types especially in muscular cells.
Pompe disease is pan ethnic (but with increased prevalence in the afro-American and Chinese population). Pompe disease is rare with an estimated incidence of 1 in 40,000 births. In France so far, a hundred patients have been diagnosed. The difference of results between the epidemiologic studies published and the number of French patients diagnosed is caused by an under-diagnostic of this pathology, very rare and unknown.
The late onset type of the disease (from childhood to adult) is revealed by progressive muscle weakness generally beginning in proximal muscles of the legs. Respiratory muscle weakness is often the cause of death among patients having respiratory insufficiency.
Recognizing Pompe disease can be challenging, as signs and symptoms may be shared with other disorders (limb girdle muscular dystrophy, dystrophinopathy or inflammatory myopathy).
Muscle biopsies are often used to measure GAA activity and for histology in patients with muscle weakness. But glycogen accumulation in the muscles of patients varies with biopsy site, so the diagnosis of Pompe disease can be missed by using only a muscle biopsy. Fibroblasts can also serve as a source of material for research but cell culture facilities are not easy for clinicians and it takes several weeks to obtain confluent cultures. Then, assays that use blood to diagnose Pompe disease were developed. Therefore, a group of international clinicians and biologists met together in London in December 2006 and established an agreement concerning the various methods of this enzyme dosage. Recently, a test on a DBS (dried blood spot) has been developed. This test is not invasive, easy to collect and transport, requires small sample volume and provides rapid results. This international consensual group recommends confirming the diagnosis of the Pompe disease after a DBS with a dosage of the enzymatic activity in other tissue. This strategy is currently used in the usual practice.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00830583
|Principal Investigator:||Claude Desnuelle||CHU de Nice|