Oral Hygiene With Chlorhexidine and Incidence of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in Children Submitted to Heart Surgery

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
University of Sao Paulo
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: January 26, 2009
Last updated: NA
Last verified: January 2009
History: No changes posted
Hospital infections play an important role in the increase of patients' morbimortality and hospitalization costs, especially in the case of individuals admitted to intensive care units (ICU) during postoperative heart surgery. Analysis of the epidemiological profile of the hospital infections in the pediatric-ICU (P-ICU) of Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo (HCFMRP-USP) demonstrated a 31.1% incidence of pneumonia (PNM) and a rate of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) of 23.81 per 1000 ventilators-day between March 2004 and February 2005 in the group submitted to cardiac surgery. Knowledge of the pathophysiology and risk factors associated with this infection allows for measures aiming at reducing its incidence. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the effect of oral hygiene with a 0.12% chlorhexidine solution on the incidence of PNM and PAV in children submitted to cardiac surgery.

Condition Intervention Phase
Ventilator Associated Pneumonia
Nosocomial Pneumonia
Heart Surgery
Other: oral hygiene
Other: placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Evaluation of Oral Hygiene With 0.12% Chlorhexidine Antiseptic Solution on the Incidence of Nosocomial Pneumonia and Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in Children Submitted to Heart Surgery

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Sao Paulo:

Enrollment: 160
Study Start Date: February 2006
Study Completion Date: February 2006
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: 1
Other: placebo
oral hygiene placebo
Experimental: 2 Other: oral hygiene
oral hygiene with 0.12% chlorexidine


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 18 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • age 0 to 18 years submitted to heart surgery
  • parent approval

Exclusion Criteria:

  • previous oral intubation
  • previous or present pneumonia
  • parent refusal
  • death during surgery
  Contacts and Locations
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No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00829842     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HCRP 8904/2005 
Study First Received: January 26, 2009
Last Updated: January 26, 2009
Health Authority: Brazil: Ministry of Health
Brazil: National Committee of Ethics in Research

Keywords provided by University of Sao Paulo:
ventilator-associated pneumonia
nosocomial pneumonia
heart surgery
oral hygiene

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated
Cross Infection
Lung Diseases
Lung Injury
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Infective Agents, Local

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on May 25, 2016