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A Safe Environment for Every Kid (SEEK II) (SEEK II)

This study has been completed.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: January 9, 2009
Last Update Posted: August 4, 2010
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Doris Duke Charitable Foundation
Information provided by:
University of Maryland

Our broad goal is to help prevent child maltreatment (CM) by modifying pediatric practice to be more responsive to important biopsychosocial needs of many children and families. Training pediatricians to address key risk factors for CM, thereby enhancing parenting and family functioning, reducing the risk for CM while helping ensure children's health and safety, are accomplishing this. We are building upon the existing pediatric primary care system and strengthen the training of pediatricians. The project also builds on our extensive research and clinical expertise in CM and in prevention (Black & Dubowitz, 1999, Dubowitz et al., 1998, 1999, in press; Dubowitz & Guterman, 2005, Gaudin & Dubowitz, 1997).

We have developed and implemented an enhanced model of pediatric primary care, taking advantage of the enormous opportunities of the existing pediatric primary care system, with its regular contact with young children and parents (Dubowitz & Newberger, 1989; Dubowitz, 1989, 1990; Green, 1994). Pediatricians typically devote over half their time to checkups, focusing on prevention. There is increasing recognition that pediatric care must incorporate aspects of parental and family functioning and collaborate with community resources (Academy of Pediatrics, 1998; Green, 1994b). The broad goal of this project is to implement concepts that have been embraced by the field of pediatrics, but have not been applied and tested.

Condition Intervention
Child Maltreatment Other: Model Care

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Preventing Child Maltreatment: A Role for Community Pediatricians

Further study details as provided by University of Maryland:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Parent to Child Conflict Tactics Scale [ Time Frame: Initial contact, 6 months & 12 months after start of study participation ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Department of Human Services, Department of Child Protection records. [ Time Frame: Child's birth through March 2009 ]

Enrollment: 905
Study Start Date: May 2006
Study Completion Date: May 2010
Primary Completion Date: March 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Model Care
The Model Care approach was implemented in 7 practices, where healthcare providers (HPs) were trained to address major risk factors for CM, including maternal depression, alcohol/substance abuse, intimate partner violence, and stress. We taught the relevance of these problems for children's health and safety, and how they can be briefly assessed and initially addressed. The initial training consisted of 1 four hour sessions. Use of the Parent Screening Questionnaire (PSQ) was discussed, as was the importance of applying it universally during regular checkups. HPs received laminated cards or an electronic version with salient information, and parent handouts on each targeted issues. We held one hour booster sessions approximately every 6 months over the subsequent 2.5 years.
Other: Model Care
The Model Care provided training to pediatric health care providers to assess parental psychosocial risk factors to child maltreatment.
No Intervention: Standard Care
Health Care providers in Standard Care group served as the controls. They continued to practice as usual.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Mother or mother figure accompanying a child under 6 for a regular checkup.
  • Fluent english
  • Mother agrees to participate
  • Health Care provider is provider at involved practice
  • Health Care provider agrees to participate

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Mother is already participating through another child
  • Mother does not speak english
  • Mother declines participation
  • Health Care providers practice is not involved in study
  • Health Care provider declines
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00819702

United States, Maryland
University of Maryland, School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21201
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Maryland
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Doris Duke Charitable Foundation
Principal Investigator: Howard Dubowitz, MD MS University of Maryland
  More Information

Responsible Party: Howard Dubowitz, MD MS, University of Maryland, School of Medicine, Division of Child Protection
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00819702     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HP-00040157 (H-27327)
1R49CE000588 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: January 7, 2009
First Posted: January 9, 2009
Last Update Posted: August 4, 2010
Last Verified: August 2010

Keywords provided by University of Maryland:
child abuse prevention
primary care
professional education in primary care

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