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Intermittent Hormonal Therapy With Leuprorelin and Flutamide in the Treatment of Stage D2 or TxNxM1b,c

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Takeda
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00817739
First received: January 5, 2009
Last updated: July 27, 2015
Last verified: July 2015
  Purpose
This study is aimed at evaluating the effects of intermittent hormonal treatment with complete androgen suppression (Leuprorelin 3.75 milligram [mg] sustained release [SR] and Flutamide) in patients presenting with stage D2 or Tx Nx M1 ≠ M1a metastatic prostrate cancer, with a prostate specific antigen (PSA) level 5-fold higher than normal (PSA greater than or equal to [≥] 20 nanogram per milliliter [ng/mL], as quantitated by the Hybritech radioimmunoassay) and with a subsequent decline to normal (PSA less than [<] 4 ng/mL) during the initial 6 months of induction treatment. The results will be compared with those obtained after continuous hormonal therapy with complete androgen suppression.

Condition Intervention Phase
Prostatic Neoplasms
Drug: Leuprorelin
Drug: Flutamide
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Intermittent Hormonal Therapy With Leuprorelin (3.75 mg SR) and Flutamide in the Treatment of Stage D2 or Tx Nx M1 ≠ M1a Metastatic Cancer of the Prostate

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Takeda:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Median Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Randomization (Month 6) up to Week 396 after randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Median Overall survival is defined as the number of days from date of inclusion to the date of death. For subjects who do not die, survival will be censored at the date of last contact.

  • Median Progression-Free Survival [ Time Frame: Randomization (Month 6) up to Week 396 after randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Median Progression Free Survival=time from date of inclusion to date of first documentation of progressive disease (death, biological progression, clinical progression). Biological progression: date of the first PSA increase after the nadir and greater than or equal to (≥) 4 ng/mL under treatment. Clinical progression: date of appearance of the clinical sign of progression under treatment. Clinical signs of progression are: 1. Appearance of marked increase of bone pain or appearance of symptoms related to disease progression (example: liver, lungs, kidneys); 2. Alteration of general health conditions related to disease progression (decrease of at least 2 degrees in the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (ECOG) performance status, weight loss of more than 10% since the last visit); 3. Anemia - drop in hemoglobin level of more than 2 gram per deciliter (g/dL) since the last visit (only if disease related).


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • European Organization for research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ) - C30 [ Time Frame: Randomization (Month 6) up to Week 396 after randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    EORTC QLQ-C30: includes functional scales (physical, role, cognitive, emotional, and social), global health status, symptom scales (fatigue, pain, nausea/vomiting) and single items (dyspnoea, appetite loss, insomnia, constipation/diarrhea and financial difficulties). Most questions uses 4 point scale (1 'Not at all' to 4 'Very much'; 2 questions uses 7-point scale (1 'very poor' to 7 'Excellent'). Scores are averaged and transformed to 0-100 scale; for the 5 functional scales and the global quality-of-life scale, a higher score represents a better level of functioning. For the symptom-oriented scales and items, a higher score corresponds to a higher level of symptoms.

  • Change from Baseline in Subjective Clinical Efficacy (Symptomatic) [ Time Frame: Randomization (Month 6) up to Week 396 after randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Subjective clinical efficacy will be assessed using the Madsen Symptom Index and Lukacs' questionnaire. Symptoms will be assessed using visual analogue scale (VAS) in Lukacs questionnaire.


Enrollment: 341
Study Start Date: December 1996
Study Completion Date: December 2008
Primary Completion Date: September 2005 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Continuous Therapy
Continuous complete androgen suppression therapy with leuprorelin 3.75 mg sustained release (SR), injection, subcutaneously once every 28 days and flutamide, 250 mg, tablet, orally thrice daily until there are signs of disease progression.
Drug: Leuprorelin
Leuprorelin injection
Drug: Flutamide
Flutamide tablets
Experimental: Intermittent therapy
Intermittent complete androgen suppression therapy starting at randomization with interruption of treatment given in the induction period until PSA levels reach >=10 ng/mL or other signs of progression appear. Upon treatment resumption, leuproreline 3.75 mg SR, injection, subcutaneously once every 28 days and flutamide 250 mg, tablet, orally thrice daily, until PSA levels are <normal (that is, <4 ng/mL) and no signs of disease progression appear. The intermittent therapy will be continued similarly until the study end or the appearance of signs of disease progression under treatment.
Drug: Leuprorelin
Leuprorelin injection
Drug: Flutamide
Flutamide tablets

Detailed Description:

This is an open, comparative, randomized (1:1), multicenter, European (France, Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Bulgaria), Phase 2B study on parallel groups of patients presenting with metastatic prostate cancer (stage D2 or Tx Nx M1 ≠ M1a), with a PSA level ≥ 5-fold higher than normal (that is PSA ≥ 20 ng/mL, as quantitated by the Hybritech radioimmunoassay) which return to normal within 6 months after the initiation of total androgen blockade therapy with leuprorelin 3.75 mg SR and flutamide. It will involve 314 preselected patients.

A minimum of 180 eligible patients are required for this study. Selected patients will be randomized centrally in two parallel groups at study entry. This phase 2B study will enable evaluation of a high number of patients by direct comparison with conventional administration. The study comprises of two therapeutic phases:

  • A 6 month induction phase with complete androgen suppression by leuprorelin 3.75 mg SR and flutamide. This phase involves patients meeting the preselection criteria.
  • A data processing run per complete androgen suppression according to two methods, continuous or intermittent, for the patients satisfying the criteria of selection of the study and which will thus be randomized.

The selected patients will be randomized in two parallel groups at the time of inclusion:

  • Group A patients will receive a continuous complete androgen suppression therapy by leuprorelin 3.75mg SR and flutamide, until the appearance of signs of disease progression or study end.
  • Group B patients will receive an intermittent complete androgen suppression therapy by leuprorelin 3.75 mg SR and flutamide, until the study end or the appearance of signs of disease progression under treatment.

Group A patients will be routinely followed-up on a 3-month basis until there are signs of disease progression. Group B patients (intermittent therapy) will be monitored every 3 months during on-treatment periods under the same conditions as described for group A.

The 3-month clinical follow-up will be same during off-treatment periods, but if PSA increases to ≥10 ng/mL the patient must be contacted to schedule a prompt special visit in order to reinstitute hormonal therapy. Subsequent visits will be scheduled on a 3-month basis from the time of the special visit. Special visits will be the same as routine consultations, except that the laboratory tests will not be redone.

When on-therapy tumor progression will be documented, every 6 months the investigators will note all treatments administered to patients until death (while specifying the cause of death).

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed metastatic cancer of the prostate (stage D2 or Tx Nx M1 ≠ M1a) with measurable bone or visceral (lung, liver, etc.) metastases (radiographic conformation was necessary in the event of a questionable bone scan detection in conjunction with only slightly elevated PSA levels [at least 20 ng/mL or less than or equal to 50 ng/mL]). The prostatic carcinoma could have been diagnosed at an earlier stage and treated without castration.
  • Metastatic cancer of the prostate requiring first-line therapy.
  • Pre-assessment PSA 5-fold or higher than the standard level set by the central laboratory, that is, PSA greater than or equal to (≥) 20 ng/mL as quantitated by the Hybritech radioimmunoassay (normal is less than [<] 4 ng/mL).
  • ECOG performance status of no more than 2.
  • Normal testosterone levels according to the central laboratory standards.
  • Aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) < 2.25-fold higher than the standard levels set by the central laboratory (except when liver metastases were present).
  • Anticipated life expectancy greater than 9 months.
  • Written informed consent given to participate and collaborate in the study. Inclusion Criteria for Continuous or Intermittent Treatment Phase
  • Subjects who meet the pre-assessment criteria and who has PSA < 4 ng/mL after 6 months of induction therapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject refuse to sign the informed consent form or is likely to be uncooperative or not to comply with the obligations set out in the study protocol.
  • Subject has received prior hormonal (and neoadjuvant) treatment prompting medical castration (estrogens, hormone-releasing hormone agonists, androgens) or has undergone surgical castration.
  • Subject has undergone bilateral suprarenalectomy or hypophysectomy.
  • Subject had another cancer (except basiloma) with the past 5 years.
  • Subject has serious unstable progressive disease (renal, hepatic, cardiovascular, psychological, etc).
  • Subject is receiving or has received another experimental treatment within 3 months prior to inclusion.

Exclusion Criteria for Continuous or Intermittent Treatment Phase

-Subjects who met the pre-assessment criteria and who, after 6 months of induction therapy, had PSA ≥ 4 ng/mL and/or on-treatment signs of disease progression.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00817739

Sponsors and Collaborators
Takeda
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Nicolas MOTTET, MD Clinique Mutualiste de saint-etienne
  More Information

Responsible Party: Takeda
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00817739     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: TAP IIb/95/022 - EC210  U1111-1169-6769 
Study First Received: January 5, 2009
Last Updated: July 27, 2015
Health Authority: France: Afssaps - Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des produits de santé (Saint-Denis)

Keywords provided by Takeda:
Drug therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Flutamide
Androgen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on December 02, 2016