Intermittent Hormonal Therapy With Leuprorelin and Flutamide in the Treatment of Stage D2 or TxNxM1b,c
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Intermittent Hormonal Therapy With Leuprorelin (3.75 mg SR) and Flutamide in the Treatment of Stage D2 or Tx Nx M1 ≠ M1a Metastatic Cancer of the Prostate|
- Median Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Randomization (Month 6) up to Week 396 after randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Median Overall survival is defined as the number of days from date of inclusion to the date of death. For subjects who do not die, survival will be censored at the date of last contact.
- Median Progression-Free Survival [ Time Frame: Randomization (Month 6) up to Week 396 after randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Median Progression Free Survival=time from date of inclusion to date of first documentation of progressive disease (death, biological progression, clinical progression). Biological progression: date of the first PSA increase after the nadir and greater than or equal to (≥) 4 ng/mL under treatment. Clinical progression: date of appearance of the clinical sign of progression under treatment. Clinical signs of progression are: 1. Appearance of marked increase of bone pain or appearance of symptoms related to disease progression (example: liver, lungs, kidneys); 2. Alteration of general health conditions related to disease progression (decrease of at least 2 degrees in the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (ECOG) performance status, weight loss of more than 10% since the last visit); 3. Anemia - drop in hemoglobin level of more than 2 gram per deciliter (g/dL) since the last visit (only if disease related).
- European Organization for research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ) - C30 [ Time Frame: Randomization (Month 6) up to Week 396 after randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]EORTC QLQ-C30: includes functional scales (physical, role, cognitive, emotional, and social), global health status, symptom scales (fatigue, pain, nausea/vomiting) and single items (dyspnoea, appetite loss, insomnia, constipation/diarrhea and financial difficulties). Most questions uses 4 point scale (1 'Not at all' to 4 'Very much'; 2 questions uses 7-point scale (1 'very poor' to 7 'Excellent'). Scores are averaged and transformed to 0-100 scale; for the 5 functional scales and the global quality-of-life scale, a higher score represents a better level of functioning. For the symptom-oriented scales and items, a higher score corresponds to a higher level of symptoms.
- Change from Baseline in Subjective Clinical Efficacy (Symptomatic) [ Time Frame: Randomization (Month 6) up to Week 396 after randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Subjective clinical efficacy will be assessed using the Madsen Symptom Index and Lukacs' questionnaire. Symptoms will be assessed using visual analogue scale (VAS) in Lukacs questionnaire.
|Study Start Date:||December 1996|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2005 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Continuous Therapy
Continuous complete androgen suppression therapy with leuprorelin 3.75 mg sustained release (SR), injection, subcutaneously once every 28 days and flutamide, 250 mg, tablet, orally thrice daily until there are signs of disease progression.
Leuprorelin injectionDrug: Flutamide
Experimental: Intermittent therapy
Intermittent complete androgen suppression therapy starting at randomization with interruption of treatment given in the induction period until PSA levels reach >=10 ng/mL or other signs of progression appear. Upon treatment resumption, leuproreline 3.75 mg SR, injection, subcutaneously once every 28 days and flutamide 250 mg, tablet, orally thrice daily, until PSA levels are <normal (that is, <4 ng/mL) and no signs of disease progression appear. The intermittent therapy will be continued similarly until the study end or the appearance of signs of disease progression under treatment.
Leuprorelin injectionDrug: Flutamide
This is an open, comparative, randomized (1:1), multicenter, European (France, Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Bulgaria), Phase 2B study on parallel groups of patients presenting with metastatic prostate cancer (stage D2 or Tx Nx M1 ≠ M1a), with a PSA level ≥ 5-fold higher than normal (that is PSA ≥ 20 ng/mL, as quantitated by the Hybritech radioimmunoassay) which return to normal within 6 months after the initiation of total androgen blockade therapy with leuprorelin 3.75 mg SR and flutamide. It will involve 314 preselected patients.
A minimum of 180 eligible patients are required for this study. Selected patients will be randomized centrally in two parallel groups at study entry. This phase 2B study will enable evaluation of a high number of patients by direct comparison with conventional administration. The study comprises of two therapeutic phases:
- A 6 month induction phase with complete androgen suppression by leuprorelin 3.75 mg SR and flutamide. This phase involves patients meeting the preselection criteria.
- A data processing run per complete androgen suppression according to two methods, continuous or intermittent, for the patients satisfying the criteria of selection of the study and which will thus be randomized.
The selected patients will be randomized in two parallel groups at the time of inclusion:
- Group A patients will receive a continuous complete androgen suppression therapy by leuprorelin 3.75mg SR and flutamide, until the appearance of signs of disease progression or study end.
- Group B patients will receive an intermittent complete androgen suppression therapy by leuprorelin 3.75 mg SR and flutamide, until the study end or the appearance of signs of disease progression under treatment.
Group A patients will be routinely followed-up on a 3-month basis until there are signs of disease progression. Group B patients (intermittent therapy) will be monitored every 3 months during on-treatment periods under the same conditions as described for group A.
The 3-month clinical follow-up will be same during off-treatment periods, but if PSA increases to ≥10 ng/mL the patient must be contacted to schedule a prompt special visit in order to reinstitute hormonal therapy. Subsequent visits will be scheduled on a 3-month basis from the time of the special visit. Special visits will be the same as routine consultations, except that the laboratory tests will not be redone.
When on-therapy tumor progression will be documented, every 6 months the investigators will note all treatments administered to patients until death (while specifying the cause of death).
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00817739
|Principal Investigator:||Nicolas MOTTET, MD||Clinique Mutualiste de saint-etienne|