Comparison of CPAP With SOMNOventCR in Patients With Underlying Heart Disease, Combined OSA and CSR (VCR)
In patients with underlying heart diseases like hypertensive heart disease, coronary heart disease or dilative cardiomyopathy obstructive sleep-apnea, central sleep-apnea and Cheyne-Stokes-respiration are common finding in polysomnography.
In a lot of these patients it is neither a purely obstructive sleep-apnea syndrome nor a complete Cheyne-Stokes-respiration but a combination of both sleep related respiratory disturbances.
Previous studies showed an improvement of the central respiratory disorder, for example Cheyne-Stokes-respiration, under continuous positive pressure breathing (CPAP) and an improvement of the left ventricular pump function. (Naughton 1995, Tkacova 1997).
However, the recently published CanPAP study could not prove any improvement in the mortality among CPAP therapy patients in comparison to the optimal medical treatment, although under this therapy, the number of breathing disturbances, the oxygen saturation at night and the ejection fraction of the left ventricle showed a significant improvement.(Bradley 2005)
Earlier studies proved the adaptive servo ventilation to be an effective therapy for patients with central sleep-apnea and Cheyne-Stokes-respiration respectively. (Teschler 2001) Teschler's study showed that the adaptive servo ventilation therapy with a reduction of central sleep apnea down to 10/hours succeeded. With the SOMNOvent CR a new therapy-algorithm has been developed for the adaptive servo ventilation in patients with obstructive sleep apnea and Cheyne-Stokes-respiration with underlying heart disease. In the first validation study this therapy was very effective and presented only few adverse effects in the patients. (Galetke 2007)
The goal of the study was to compare this new therapeutic option (SOMNOvent CR) with the established method of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in patients with combination of obstructive sleep-apnea syndrome and Cheyne-Stokes-respiration with underlying heart disease.
|Heart Diseases Sleep Apnea, Central Sleep Apnea, Obstructive||Device: CPAP before SOMNOVentCR Device: SOMNOventCR before CPAP|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Crossover Comparison of Treatment With Continuous Positive Airway Pressure and Treatment With Adaptive Servo Ventilation (SOMNOventCR) in Patients With Underlying Heart Disease, Combined Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Cheyne-Stokes Respiration.|
- central apnea-hypopnea-index [ Time Frame: February 2009 ]
- Total apnea-hypopnea-index, minimum and mean oxygen saturation, compliance, subjective satisfaction with the therapy (questionnaire), left ventricular ejection fraction , six minutes walking distances. [ Time Frame: February 2009 ]
|Study Start Date:||May 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: CPAP before SOMNOVentCR
started with CPAP and continued with SOMNOvent CR
Device: CPAP before SOMNOVentCR
4 weeks CPAP treatment, 1 week wash out period, 4 weeks SOMNOventCR treatment
Experimental: SOMNOVentCR before CPAP
began with SOMNOvent CR and ended with CPAP
Device: SOMNOventCR before CPAP
4 weeks SOMNOventCR treatment, 1 week wash out period, 4 weeks CPAP treatment
Patients who meet all the above mentioned criteria and who were diagnosed as sleep-apnoea syndrome patients in our hospital were asked to participate in the study.
We divided the patients in two groups:
Group 1: started with CPAP and continued with SOMNOvent CR Group 2: began with SOMNOvent CR and ended with CPAP
First of all a CPAP-titration was applied to both fixed groups during the second night. During the third night they received either the CPAP- pressure (first group) or the adaptive servo ventilation (second group. The patients were discharged from the hospital continuing with the procedure of the third night.
After four weeks a new admission for the sleep laboratory was necessary and, during the first night, a control investigation with the procedure of the last four weeks. The procedure changed during the next night, so that the patients of the first group now slept with the SOMNOventCR-device and the patients of the second group with the CPAP-device.
After a wash-out-period of a week and a four-week treatment with the last procedure a final in-hospital polysomnography was performed in which adaptive servo ventilation was applied to the first group and fixed CPAP to the second group.
After the study ended, the patients received the therapy procedure which was the most effective and which was better tolerated.
The following analyses were carried out in addition to the polysomnographic measurements:
Admission 1: Berlin questionnaire, European sleep questionnaire, echocardiography, 6 minute walking test, patients questionnaire.
Admission 2: ESS, Berlin questionnaire, echocardiography, 6 minute walking test, patients´ questionnaire.
After the wash-out-period: ESS, Berlin questionnaire, patients questionnaire.
Admission 4: ESS, Berlin questionnaire, echocardiography, 6 minute walking test, patients questionnaire.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00811668
|Study Chair:||Wolfgang Galetke, PD Dr.|
|Study Director:||Winfried J. Randerath, Prof. Dr.|