Try our beta test site
IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more...

Treatment Of Radiation Retinopathy Trial (TORR)

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified June 2009 by Leiden University Medical Center.
Recruitment status was:  Not yet recruiting
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Information provided by:
Leiden University Medical Center Identifier:
First received: December 17, 2008
Last updated: June 30, 2009
Last verified: June 2009
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate a statistically significant improvement of visual acuity after treatment using either Lucentis® or Triamcinolone® compared to no treatment, in patients with radiation retinopathy.

Condition Intervention Phase
Uveal Melanoma
Drug: ranibizumab
Drug: triamcinolone acetonide
Other: sham
Phase 2
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Treatment Of Radiation Retinopathy Trial Subtitle: Treatment of Radiation Retinopathy; Influence of Lucentis® and Kenalog® on Radiation Retinopathy After Irradiation of Choroidal Melanoma.

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Leiden University Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To demonstrate a statistically significant superiority of intravitreal ranibizumab (0.5mg) or triamcinolone acetonide (4.0mg) to no treatment, in the mean change from baseline in best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) [ Time Frame: one year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate the time course of BCVA changes on ranibizumab (0.5 mg) and triamcinolone acetonide (4.0mg) relative to no treatment. [ Time Frame: one year ]
  • To evaluate the effects of ranibizumab (0.5 mg) and triamcinolone acetonide (4.0mg) on central retinal thickness, severity of retinopathy and other anatomical changes relative to no treatment [ Time Frame: one year ]
  • To demonstrate a possible relation between decreasing levels of angiogenic factors (such as VEGF) in the anterior chamber fluid and a good response to treatment with ranibizumab or triamcinolone acetonide, and radiation retinopathy [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]

Estimated Enrollment: 220
Study Start Date: September 2009
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 1: Lucentis Drug: ranibizumab
three initial monthly intra vitreal injections with 0.5 mg ranibizumab
Active Comparator: 2: Kenalog Drug: triamcinolone acetonide
at baseline one intra vitreal injection with 4.0 mg triamcinolone acetonide
Sham Comparator: 3: No treatment Other: sham
at baseline one sham-injection

Detailed Description:
Approximately 30-40% of patients develop a deterioration of visual acuity within 5 years after treatment of uveal melanoma using radiation therapy and TTT due to radiation retinopathy (Shields 2002, Bartlema 2003). By administration of either Lucentis® or Triamcinolone® we hope to treat complications of radiation therapy, by demonstrating a statistically significant improvement in visual acuity and a reduced amount of macular edema and vascular leakage. Additionally, we hope to obtain a better understanding of the pathophysiologic processes involved, by demonstrating a possible relation between high levels of angiogenic factors (VEGF) in the anterior chamber fluid, and radiation retinopathy. In conclusion, we hope to provide evidence for a new therapy in patients with retinopathy, due to radiation in uveal melanoma. There is no scientifically proven treatment available at this time.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • The eye was previously irradiated for treatment of a uveal melanoma;
  • Decrease of visual acuity after irradiation therapy by more than 10 letters (ETDRS) and is now 20/40 or less;
  • Vision decrease is considered to be due to central radiation retinopathy with significant macular edema or optic disc edema;
  • Age 18 years or older;
  • The patient is fully competent;
  • Written informed consent to participate in the trial is given.
  • Patient is not pregnant (or not fertile) and is willing to use contraceptives for the duration of the trial (one year)
  • Patient is willing and able to return for follow-up.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Vision decrease is considered to be due to ischemic radiation retinopathy without macular edema or optic disc edema;
  • Other, approved therapy indicated for treatment of condition;
  • Presence of metastasis;
  • Evidence of any other significant clinical disorder or laboratory finding that makes it undesirable for the patient to participate in the trial;
  • Pre-existing retinopathy due to other disorders;
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00811200

Contact: Martine J Jager, MD, PhD +31715263097

Sponsors and Collaborators
Leiden University Medical Center
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Principal Investigator: Martine J Jager, MD, PhD Leiden University Medical Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: M.J. Jager, MD, Phd, Leiden University Medical Center Identifier: NCT00811200     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P09.
Study First Received: December 17, 2008
Last Updated: June 30, 2009

Keywords provided by Leiden University Medical Center:
triamcinolone acetonide
radiation retinopathy after irradiation of uveal melanoma
radiation maculopathy after irradiation of uveal melanoma
radiation choroidopathy after irradiation of uveal melanoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Retinal Diseases
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Eye Diseases
Triamcinolone Acetonide
Triamcinolone hexacetonide
Triamcinolone diacetate
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Immunosuppressive Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action processed this record on April 24, 2017