Intervention to Motivate Teens to be a Designated Organ Donor on Driver's License (Idecide)

This study has been completed.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Hawaii Identifier:
First received: December 17, 2008
Last updated: June 23, 2015
Last verified: January 2015
This study will test the effectiveness of a multimedia campaign to educate ethnic minority teens about the choice to become a designated organ donor on their first driver's license.

Condition Intervention
Tissue and Organ Procurement
Alcohol Abstinence
Behavioral: Organ Donor
Behavioral: Alcohol Prevention

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Multimedia Intervention to Motivate Ethnic Teens to be Designated Donors

Further study details as provided by University of Hawaii:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Designated Organ Donor Status on Driver's License [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of students who reported not being donor at baseline but were donor at 12 months follow-up

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Talked to Parents About Choice to be Organ Donor on License at 12 Months [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of teens who talk had not talked to parents at baseline but reported they had talked to their parents about the choice to become an organ donor on their driver's license at 12 months

Enrollment: 429
Study Start Date: April 2008
Study Completion Date: December 2014
Primary Completion Date: December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Organ Donor
Intervention used a DVD, text messaging, emails, a website, US Mail, and telephone calls to educate teens about their choice to become a designated organ donor on their first driver's license application.
Behavioral: Organ Donor
Subjects receive information about becoming a designated organ donor -via DVD, email, text messaging, website, and US mail.
Other Name: Idecide Project
Active Comparator: Alcohol Prevention
Intervention used a DVD and text messages, to educate teens about the laws that prohibit underage minors purchasing and consuming alcohol
Behavioral: Alcohol Prevention
Use DVD, website, text messaging, email and US mail to educate teenagers about the consequences associated with purchasing and using alcohol.
Other Name: Roll of the Dice

Detailed Description:
Less than a fourth of ethnic minority teens in the U.S. are a designated donor (DD) on their state-issued driver's license. Asian-American/Pacific Islander (AA/PI) adolescents in Hawaii are even less likely to be a DD or to have talked to their family about becoming an organ donor. Health education interventions for adolescents have demonstrated improvements in knowledge and intentions to be an organ donor; but, AA/PI teens are underrepresented in such studies. Nevertheless, whether changes in knowledge or intentions result in more organ donors is unclear, since previous studies have not included a concrete behavioral outcome such as the teen becoming a donor on their driver's license. This application will test, via a randomized clinical trial, the efficacy of an Interactive Multimedia Intervention (IMI) to increase the number of AA/PI adolescents who are a DD on their state issued driver's license, identification card, or organ donor card/donor registry. Teen groups will be recruited from the community (churches and high schools, n = 40 groups, 530 teens) and randomly assigned to either the intervention or a comparison condition on prevention of underage drinking of alcohol. The theoretically-derived intervention will include culturally sensitive messages and information about being a designated donor that will be delivered via a DVD, Email, text/instant messaging, and websites. The comparison condition includes materials (DVD) previously shown to increase awareness about laws restricting access to alcohol by teens. The primary outcome is objectively validated donor status on a teens' driver's license/state identification card (ID) or donor card after 12 months of intervention. A secondary outcome is the reported rate of family discussions about organ donation and knowledge/intentions about donation. We hypothesize the youth groups assigned to the intervention will have higher rates for family discussions and DD status, compared to groups in the comparison condition. We will also test whether psychosocial and cultural factors act as mediators of any change in teens' knowledge, attitudes & stages of change to become a DD. After the randomized trial we will disseminate the intervention to Organ Procurement Organizations in Hawaii and other states, and track diffusion outcomes over a year. If IMI methods can increase the number of minority teens who become a DD on their driver's license by 10% this would translate to 500,000 more teenage designated donors in the U.S.

Ages Eligible for Study:   14 Years to 19 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • adolescent aged 14-19
  • member of a school club, youth program or teen group
  • read and speak English
  • parent provides consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • plans to permanently move out of state
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00810901

United States, Hawaii
University of Hawaii School of Nursing and Dental Hygiene
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States, 96822
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Hawaii
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Principal Investigator: Cheryl Albright, PhD, MPH University of Hawaii
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of Hawaii Identifier: NCT00810901     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DK079684, R01DK079684, R01DK079684-03S1
Study First Received: December 17, 2008
Results First Received: January 9, 2015
Last Updated: June 23, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by University of Hawaii:
ethnic minority adolescents
designated organ donor

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alcohol Abstinence
Drinking Behavior processed this record on November 25, 2015