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Safety and Efficacy Study of NeoFuse in Subjects Requiring Posterolateral Lumbar Fusion

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00810212
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Sponsor preferred a better study design)
First Posted : December 18, 2008
Last Update Posted : June 2, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mesoblast, Ltd.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate safety and preliminary efficacy of Neofusetm in subjects with a diagnosis of degenerative disc disease (DDD) in 1 or 2 adjacent vertebral levels between L1 and S1 and undergoing posterolateral lumbar fusion.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Degenerative Disc Disease Degenerative Spondylolisthesis Spinal Stenosis Procedure: PLF with autograft Biological: PLF with NeoFuse Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a prospective, multicenter, randomized, open-label controlled Phase 1b/2a study designed to evaluate the safety and preliminary efficacy of MPCs combined with MasterGraft Granules when compared to use of autologous bone graft in the posterolateral fusion site in subjects requiring interbody fusion in combination with instrumented 1 or 2 level PLF procedure. All subjects in this study will undergo a 1 or 2-level (2 or 3 vertebrae) interbody fusion without the use of the investigational product.

In addition to the interbody fusion procedure, subjects will undergo an instrumented posterolateral fusion. NeoFuse plus MasterGraft Granules at one of three doses or autograft will be implanted in the posterolateral lumbar fusion site(s) only.

After the screening and surgical visits, each subject will be evaluated clinically and radiographically within 3 days and 30 days after surgery, and at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after surgery.

Subjects will be evaluated at 24 and 36 months after surgery for safety.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Subjects will be randomized to one of four (4) parallel treatment arms; autograft standard of care control, or one of three (3) doses of mesenchymal precursor cells (MPCs) combined with MasterGraft Granules. Subjects randomized to receive investigational product will be treated with one of the following three doses of allogeneic MPCs in 4 milliliters (mLs) per posterolateral lumbar fusion (PLF) level (204 mLs per side): 25 million (M), 50M or 75M MPCs per PLF level (or a total dose of 50 million, 100 million or 150 million MPCs if subject undergoes fusion at two levels). Each of the four treatment groups will include six (6) evaluable subjects.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective, Multicenter, Randomized, Open-Label, Controlled Study Evaluating Safety and Preliminary Efficacy of NeoFuse When Combined With Mastergraft Granules in Subjects Undergoing Posterolateral Lumbar Fusion With Instrumentation
Study Start Date : November 2008
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: 1
Procedure: PLF with autograft
6 subjects
Other Name: spinal fusion

Experimental: 2
Low Dose MPCs
Biological: PLF with NeoFuse
6 subjects low dose
Other Names:
  • spinal fusion
  • stem cell

Experimental: 3
Medium Dose MPCs
Biological: PLF with NeoFuse
6 subjects medium dose
Other Names:
  • spinal fusion
  • stem cell

Experimental: 4
High Dose MPCs
Biological: PLF with NeoFuse
6 subjects high dose
Other Names:
  • spinal fusion
  • stem cell

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To determine the safety of NeoFuse (allogeneic mesenchymal precursor cells [MPCs] when combined with MasterGraft Resorbable Ceramic granules as a carrier for posterolateral lumbar fusion (PLF) with instrumentation [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To evaluate the overall fusion success with NeoFuse plus carrier compared to autograft using CT scans and x-ray of the involved lumbar spine levels and access the change in outcomes (ODI, SF-36) and pain (VAS) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or females at least 18 years of age, but not older than 70.
  2. Have the ability to understand the requirements of the study, to provide written informed consent, and to comply with the study protocol.
  3. Have the ability to understand and provide written authorization for the use and disclosure of personal health information (PHI) [per Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) privacy ruling in the US or applicable regulations outside the US].
  4. Have a documented symptomatic diagnosis of DDD at L1-S1 with or without stenosis and with or without up to and including Grade II degenerative spondylolisthesis
  5. Have clinical symptoms of neurogenic claudication.
  6. Have failed 6 months of non-operative low back pain management.
  7. Are candidates for lumbar interbody fusion with autograft in combination with posterolateral fusion and require surgery at a 1 or 2 adjacent vertebral levels between L1 and S1
  8. Have a stable screening electrocardiogram (ECG), as determined by the investigator that would not preclude surgery -

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Female subjects who are pregnant or nursing, or women planning to become pregnant during the first year (12 months) following surgery.
  2. Have a current or prior history within the last 3 years of neoplasm (excluding basal cell carcinoma) and/or any active neoplasm within the last 24 months, prior to screening.
  3. Have osteoporosis as defined by a DEXA T score of ≤ -3.5 or a history of fragility fractures or other significant bone disease contraindicating the use of spinal instrumentation.
  4. Have a documented medical history or radiographic evidence of a metabolic bone disease or other condition which would negatively impact the bone healing process.
  5. Have a positive screen for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibodies
  6. Have had treatment with any investigational therapy or device within 6 months of study surgery and/or plans to participate in any other allogeneic stem cell/progenitor cell therapy trial during the 3-year follow-up period.
  7. Have been a recipient of prior stem cell/progenitor cell therapy for spinal fusion surgery.
  8. Have a body mass index (BMI) > 35.
  9. Have 20% or greater anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibody titer and/or has antibody specificities to donor HLA antigens.
  10. Are transient or has been treated in the last 6 months before enrollment for alcohol and/or drug abuse in an inpatient substance abuse program.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00810212

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United States, Texas
Texas Back Institute
Plano, Texas, United States, 75093
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mesoblast, Ltd.
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Principal Investigator: Donna Skerrett, MD Mesoblast, Ltd., c/o Angioblast Systems, Inc.
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Responsible Party: Mesoblast, Ltd. Identifier: NCT00810212    
Other Study ID Numbers: MSB-SF002
First Posted: December 18, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 2, 2020
Last Verified: June 2020
Keywords provided by Mesoblast, Ltd.:
Degenerative disc disease
Spinal stenosis
Stem cell
Spinal Fusion
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Spinal Stenosis
Intervertebral Disc Degeneration
Spinal Diseases
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases