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Prevention of Anthracycline or Trastuzumab Induced Cardiomyopathy by Metoprolol

This study has been terminated.
(Poor enrollment)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Steve Gottlieb, University of Maryland Identifier:
First received: December 8, 2008
Last updated: June 20, 2014
Last verified: June 2014
The primary objective of this study is to investigate whether giving prophylactic metoprolol prior to and during anthracycline or trastuzumab therapy will decrease the incidence of anthracycline-induced cardiomyopathy. Patients are randomized to receive metoprolol or no treatment prior to anthracycline or trastuzumab treatment. The ejection fraction, as measured by nuclear ventriculography is measured before and after treatment.

Condition Intervention Phase
Cardiomyopathy Drug: Metoprolol Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: GCC0766: Prevention of Anthracycline or Trastuzumab Induced Cardiomyopathy by Metoprolol

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Steve Gottlieb, University of Maryland:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Ejection Fraction by MUGA [ Time Frame: Pre and post anthracycline treatment ]
    Because of the inability to enroll an adequate number of patients, (only 15 out of a planned 50) no data analysis was collected or performed.

Enrollment: 15
Study Start Date: July 2008
Study Completion Date: June 2012
Primary Completion Date: June 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Metoprolol
Receiving metoprolol
Drug: Metoprolol
Metroprolol tartrate titrated up
No Intervention: Control
Not receiving metoprolol

Detailed Description:

This is a randomized, controlled exploration. Consent will be obtained from patients receiving care for cancer with anthracycline or trastuzumab at the University Of Maryland Greenebaum Cancer Center prior to initiation of anthracycline or trastuzumab treatment during the initial oncology visit.

Patients will be evaluated in the initial consultation in the oncology clinic during which time consent will be obtained, and any patient with bradycardia (HR less than 50) or other contraindication will be excluded from the study. The patients will be randomly assigned to metoprolol vs. control groups during this initial visit. Individuals in the control group will not receive any study drug where as those in the metoprolol group will be given prophylactic metoprolol prior to initiation of anthracycline or trastuzumab treatment. Metoprolol tartrate will be provided to each patient randomized to the metoprolol group.

Also at the time of the initial consultation, a baseline MUGA will be obtained for evaluation of left ventricular ejection fraction. Additionally, a post-treatment MUGA will be obtained after the final course of chemotherapy. Lastly, also at the initial visit, one vial of blood will be obtained from each patient to test for genetic polymorphisms, as described in the background section, which may contribute to the response to beta blockade in the prevention of anthracycline or trastuzumab induced cardiomyopathy.

Each participant in the metoprolol group will be started on 25 mg of metoprolol tartrate twice a day prior to initiation of the anthracycline or trastuzumab. After one week, this dose will be increased to 50 mg twice daily, if tolerated. Prior to increasing the dose, the patients will be seen in the cardiology research clinic by the study doctor and evaluated for side effects. After another week the dose will again be increased to 100 mg twice daily. The dose can be decreased at any time if side effects occur such as bradycardia with HR less than 50 or hypotension with SBP less than 90. The beta blocker will be held for two days prior to the post-treatment MUGA so as not to acutely affect heart rate, as a decrease in heart rate would be expected to increase EF14. Abrupt cessation of metoprolol tartrate will not lead to withdrawal of beta-blockade. This study will end with the post-treatment MUGA. The primary end point of this study will be the change in EF before and after anthracycline or trastuzumab treatment. A pill diary will be maintained to document compliance of study medication.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients must have confirmed malignancy for which standard regimens of anthracyclines or trastuzumab are being offered as treatment at the University of Maryland Greenebaum Cancer Center. Patients must either receive 4 cycles of anthracycline for a total dose of 240 mg/m2 or six cycles of TAC for a total dose of 300 mg/m2 or trastuzumab.
  2. Age > 18 years
  3. Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  4. Women of childbearing potential may participate in this study only if they have a negative pregnancy test and agree not to become pregnant during the study. Woman of childbearing potential must use an effective method of birth control such as hormonal contraceptives (oral and implant) condoms, diaphragms, spermicidal foam or jelly, surgical (hysterectomy or tubal ligation) or intrauterine device.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients who have established dilated or restrictive cardiomyopathy with EF < 40 %.
  2. Patients with severe mitral or aortic valve disease (valve area <1cm squared).
  3. Patients who have any contraindication to metoprolol, in particular bradycardia with HR < 50, or severe reactive pulmonary disease such as asthma. Patients who take mibefradil or psychiatric drugs (such as phenothiazines including chlorpromazine and thioridazine) will also be excluded from the study as they have serious interactions with beta-blockers
  4. Patients who have untreated thyroid function disorder.
  5. Pregnant and nursing women are excluded from this study because of potential risk for adverse events to the fetus.
  6. Patients with any impediment to swallowing tablets would be excluded.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00806390

United States, Maryland
University of Maryland
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21201
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Maryland
Principal Investigator: Stephen S Gottlieb, MD University of Maryland
  More Information

Responsible Party: Steve Gottlieb, Professor, University of Maryland Identifier: NCT00806390     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HP-00040965
Study First Received: December 8, 2008
Results First Received: May 19, 2014
Last Updated: June 20, 2014

Keywords provided by Steve Gottlieb, University of Maryland:
ejection fraction
beta-adrenergic blockade
Patients receiving anthracyclines

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
Antihypertensive Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Adrenergic beta-1 Receptor Antagonists
Adrenergic beta-Antagonists
Adrenergic Antagonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action processed this record on September 21, 2017