Effects of Epidural Lidocaine on the Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Profiles of DepoDur® After Cesarean Delivery
|Epidural Analgesia, Obstetric||Drug: DepoDur following epidural lidocaine Drug: DepoDur following spinal anesthetic|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Study to Evaluate the Effects of Epidural Lidocaine Administration on the Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Profiles of DepoDur® (Morphine Sulfate Extended-release Injection) in Patients Undergoing Cesarean Delivery|
- Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) of Extended Release Epidural Morphine (EREM) [ Time Frame: a plasma sample at 0, 5, 10, 15, and 30 minutes, and 1, 4, 8, 12, 24, 36, 48, and 72 hours post-dose ]The primary end point was to evaluate the pharmacokinetic profiles of EREM after either no epidural lidocaine or after an epidural lidocaine top-up for cesarean delivery.
- PD (Pharmacodynamic) [ Time Frame: 72 hours post Cesarean delivery ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: DepoDur following epidural lidocaine
Epidural DepoDur was administered 60 minutes after an epidural Lidocaine top-up for surgical anesthetic in cesarean section patients.
Drug: DepoDur following epidural lidocaine
All participant underwent cesarean delivery. An epidural "top-up" anesthetic consisting of 2% lidocaine with epinephrine 1:200,000 and sodium bicarbonate (1 meq per 10 mL lidocaine) was given. The lidocaine solution was administered in 5 mL increments every 2.5 minutes until a T6 sensory level to touch was attained. Patients also received a 100 mcg dose of fentanyl epidurally after the lidocaine solution had been administered.
Provided delivery had occurred at least 60 minutes after the initial lidocaine administration, patients received EREM 8 mg (DepoDur™) administered through the epidural catheter. A 2 mL epidural saline flush was administered before and after drug administration.
Active Comparator: DepoDur following spinal anesthetic
Epidural DepoDur was administered 60 minutes after a standard spinal anesthetic. No prior epidural local anesthetic was used prior to DepoDur in this group assignment.
Drug: DepoDur following spinal anesthetic
Participants underwent an elective cesarean delivery with a combined spinal/epidural. All patients received 12 mg hyperbaric bupivacaine with 20 mcg fentanyl administered intrathecally. No local anesthetic was administered through the catheter. The combined spinal-epidural was performed at the L2/L3 or L3/L4 interspace and the intrathecal dose was injected over 5-10 s. A multiple orifice epidural catheter was threaded 5 cm into the epidural space.
Provided delivery had occurred 60 minutes after the intrathecal dose patients received EREM 8 mg (DepoDur™) through the epidural catheter. A 2 mL epidural saline flush was administered before and after drug.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00804609
|United States, California|
|Stanford University School of Medicine|
|Stanford, California, United States, 94305|
|Principal Investigator:||Brendan Carvalho||Stanford University|