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A Trial of DB289 for the Treatment of Stage I African Trypanosomiasis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00802594
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 5, 2008
Last Update Posted : December 5, 2008
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
Information provided by:
Immtech Pharmaceuticals, Inc

Brief Summary:

Human African Trypanosomiasis or sleeping sickness has made a spectacular return during the last decade, and in many places the demand largely surpasses the capacities of the treatment centers. Treatment of the disease remains unsatisfactory. All currently used drugs must be administered parenterally, treatment is lengthy, and adverse drug reactions frequent. There are currently no drugs which might be used as a tool to support disease control that is easily administered and has low toxicity.

This study aims to assess the efficacy of DB289, a new, oral drug for treatment of first stage sleeping sickness. The project will be executed in the framework of an international consortium consisting of more than a dozen partners from academia, industry, and the Ministries of Health of Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Trypanosomiasis, African Drug: DB289 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a single-center, open label, non-controlled Phase IIa trial. Patients with first stage T.b. gambiense sleeping sickness will receive 100 mg of DB289 orally twice a day for 5 days. Subjects meeting entry criteria will be enrolled at a single site.

A total of 30 patients will be enrolled in this trial. Enrollment is planned to begin third quarter 2001 and be completed in 2-3 months.

The study will be conducted at the Trypanosomiasis Reference Center, Viana (ICCT), Angola, and at the Trypanosomiasis Treatment Center in Maluku, Congo.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II A Trial of DB289 for the Treatment of Stage I African Trypanosomiasis
Study Start Date : August 2001
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2002
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2004

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: DB289 Drug: DB289
A single 100 mg DB289 capsule will be taken by mouth twice a day, morning and evening. Drug is to be taken with a glass of water within 15 minutes of the completion of meal.
Other Name: pafuramidine maleate

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The primary efficacy endpoint is the parasitological cure 24 hours after completion of treatment. [ Time Frame: Day 7 ]
  2. The primary outcome measure for safety analysis will be the rate of occurrence of Grade 3 or higher adverse events during the observation period. [ Time Frame: Day 12 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. A secondary endpoint is the parasitological cure 3, 6, 12, 24 months after completion of treatment. [ Time Frame: 3, 6, 12, 24 months ]
  2. The secondary outcome measure will be the incidence rate of adverse events (all Grades combined) during the observation period (as compared to literature values for pentamidine). [ Time Frame: Day 12 ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. The patient has early stage T. b. gambiense infection i.e. parasitologically confirmed infection in the blood or lymph and less than or equal to 5 WBC mm-3 detected in the CSF by microscopic examination
  2. Patient is 16 years old or more
  3. Patient has a minimal weight of 45 kilograms
  4. If patient is female of child bearing potential (a women will be considered of non-child bearing potential only if she has been post menopausal for over 2 years or has had a hysterectomy), she is not lactating, she had a negative urine pregnancy test result within 24 hours prior to DB289 treatment and she agrees to use a medically proven method of contraception (abstinence from sexual intercourse acceptable) from the day of consent on until 7 Days after DB289 treatment completion (Study Day 12).
  5. Patient has signed the Informed Consent. If the patient is minor, a legal guardian has signed the Informed Consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. The patient has late stage T.b. gambiense infection i.e. presence of parasite in the CSF upon microscopic examination, or a positive (titer greater than 1/4) latex / IgM test, or a positive latex / T.b.g.
  2. Active clinically relevant medical conditions that in the Investigator opinion may jeopardize subject safety or interfere with participation in the study, including but not limited to: significant liver diseases, chronic pulmonary diseases, significant cardiovascular diseases or significant ECG anomaly such as elongated QTc (corrected) interval above 430 msec for men or above 450 msec for women, diabetes, thyroid diseases, gout, infection including known HIV infection, CNS trauma or seizure disorders.
  3. Clinically significant abnormal laboratory value at screening including:

    • Prothrombin Time > 1.25 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Liver enzyme AST and ALT > 2 times ULN
    • Total bilirubin > 1.5 times ULN
    • Serum Creatinine > 1.5 times ULN
  4. Traumatic lumbar puncture (i.e. red blood cells visible in CSF)
  5. Coma Score of less than 9 on the Glasgow Coma Scale (Appendix 8)
  6. Withdrawal of consent at any time during the study
  7. Any condition which compromises ability to communicate with the investigator as required for the completion of this study.
  8. The subject has been previously treated for African Trypanosomiasis.
  9. The subject has been previously enrolled in the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00802594

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Laboratory of Reference and Investigation, Viana, ICCT
Bairro Ingombota, Luanda, Angola, CP 2657-C
Programme National de Lutte contre la Trypanosomiase
Kinshasa, Gombe, Congo
Sponsors and Collaborators
Immtech Pharmaceuticals, Inc
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
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Study Director: Christian Burri, MSc, PhD Swiss Tropical & Public Health Institute

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Christian Burri, MSc, PhD., Swiss Tropical Institute Identifier: NCT00802594     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 289-C-003
First Posted: December 5, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 5, 2008
Last Verified: December 2008

Keywords provided by Immtech Pharmaceuticals, Inc:
first stage
T.b. gambiense
sleeping sickness
Patients with first stage T.b. gambiense sleeping sickness

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Trypanosomiasis, African
Euglenozoa Infections
Protozoan Infections
Parasitic Diseases
Trypanocidal Agents
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents