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Study of Low Dose Chemotherapy Plus Sorafenib as Initial Therapy for Patients With Advanced Non-Squamous Cell NSCLC

This study has been terminated.
(Sponsors withdrew funding; preliminary efficacy data was not encouraging.)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Francisco Robert,MD, University of Alabama at Birmingham Identifier:
First received: December 2, 2008
Last updated: February 1, 2016
Last verified: February 2016
The purpose of this study is to assess the 2-month progression-free survival in patients with advanced or metastatic, non-squamous cell lung cancer treated with weekly low dose docetaxel in combination with a biologic dose of sorafenib.

Condition Intervention Phase
Non Squamous Cell Lung Cancer
Non Small Cell Lung Cancer
Drug: Taxotere and Nexavar
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pilot Phase IIa Study of Metronomic Chemotherapy With Taxotere (Docetaxel) Plus Nexavar (Sorafenib) as First-Line Therapy in Performance Status-2 Patients With Advanced Non-Squamous Cell Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Alabama at Birmingham:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • 2-month Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: 2 months ]
    Evaluation of the 2-month progression-free survival in poor performance status patients with non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer with the goal to improve 2-month progression free survival from 50% to 70%.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Response Rate in Poor Performance Status Subjects [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    To assess response rate and tumor control rate (complete remission + partial remission + stable disease) in poor performance status (PS =2) patients with advanced or metastatic (Stage IIIB - pleural effusion/IV) non-squamous cell-NSCLC treated with metronomic chemotherapy plus sorafenib.

Enrollment: 5
Study Start Date: January 2008
Study Completion Date: March 2011
Primary Completion Date: October 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Metronomic Taxotere + Nexavar Drug: Taxotere and Nexavar
Subjects will be treated with metronomic chemotherapy with low dose docetaxel weekly for 3 out of 4 weeks, and sorafenib will be administered continuously 400 mg bid on a 28 day cycle. Treatment with metronomic chemotherapy will be expressed as a 4-week cycle. Tumor response to treatment will be evaluated after every 8 weeks. Treatment with metronomic chemotherapy and sorafenib will continue for a total of 6 cycles unless there is evidence of disease progression, intolerable toxicity, or withdrawal of consent. Maintenance therapy with sorafenib will then continue until disease progression, intolerable toxicity or withdrawal of consent.
Other Names:
  • Taxotere (Docetaxel)
  • Nexavar (Sorafenib)

Detailed Description:

The median survival of untreated advanced stage NSCLC is 5-6 months (2,3). Patients with poor performance status due to malignancy or co-morbidities have a poorer survival. This group of patients is underrepresented in clinical trials and may not receive chemotherapy due to fear of increased toxicities with systemic chemotherapy. The overall median survival of patients with advanced NSCLC treated with first-line platinum-based doublets is less than 12 months (8 10 months) with a 1-year and 2-year survival rate of 33% and 11%, respectively (4 6). No chemotherapy regimen has a significant advantage over the others in the treatment of advanced NSCLC. Agents targeting epidermal growth factor receptor, matrix metalloproteinase, farnesyl transferase, protein kinase C and retinoic X receptor have so far shown no survival benefit in combination with chemotherapy in advanced NSCLC (7-13). Docetaxel has activity in NSCLC in both first line and second line settings. In poor performance status patients or elderly patients, single agent chemotherapy is recommended. Weekly docetaxel administration is well tolerated and has lesser incidence of hematologic toxicity with no difference in overall survival when compared to patients receiving higher doses (75 mg/m2) q 3 weeks (14-18). There is an increased need for better strategies to improve survival as well as reduce regimen related toxicity for this large group of patients. The use of targeted therapy as well as low dose-protracted chemotherapy (metronomic chemotherapy) needs evaluation as such therapies have a better toxicity profile.

Sorafenib (BAY 49-bursts of toxic maximum tolerated dose (MTD) chemotherapy interspersed with long breaks, there is now a shift in thinking towards the view that more compressed or accelerated schedules of drug administration using much smaller individual doses than the MTD would be more effective; not only in terms of reducing certain toxicities, but perhaps even in improving antitumor effect as well. Moreover, some of these dosing/scheduling strategies are ideally suited to combining chemotherapeutic agents with many of the new targeted biologic drugs. The most recent refinement of this concept is called "metronomic" chemotherapy, which refers to the frequent administration of cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agents at doses significantly below the MTD, with no prolonged drug-free breaks.


Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pathologic-proven non-squamous cell-NSCLC
  • Advanced non-squamous-NSCLC: Stage IIIB with pleural effusion or stage IV, or recurrent disease
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status 2: In bed less than 50% of the time, unable to work, but able to care for self
  • Measurable or non-measurable disease as defined by solid tumor response criteria (RECIST)
  • No prior systemic chemotherapy or biologic therapy
  • Age greater than or equal to 19 years old (Note: State of Alabama requirement)
  • Adequate bone marrow and renal function as assessed by the following:

    • Hemoglobin greater than or equal to 9.0 g/dL
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC)greater than or equal to 1500/mm3
    • Platelet count greater than or equal to 100,000/mm3
    • Creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Hepatic function requirements

    • Total bilirubin less than or equal to ULN
    • AST and ALT and alkaline phosphatase must be within the range allowing for eligibility. In determining eligibility the more abnormal of the two values (AST and ALT) should be used
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test performed within 72 hours prior to the start of treatment.

Women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (barrier method of birth control) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation.

Men should use adequate birth control for at least three months after the last administration of sorafenib.

  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent. A signed informed consent must be obtained prior to any study-specific procedures.
  • International normalized ratio (INR) less than or equal to 1.5 or a prothrombin time/partial prothrombin time (PT/PTT) within normal limits. Patients receiving anti-coagulation treatment with an agent such as warfarin or heparin may be allowed to participate. For patients on warfarin, the INR should be measured prior to initiation of sorafenib and monitored at least weekly, or as defined by the local standard of care, until INR is stable.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Predominant squamous cell histology will be excluded
  • Cardiac disease: Congestive heart failure greater than class II New York Heart Association (NYHA). Patents must not have unstable angina (anginal symptoms at rest) or new onset angina (began within the last 3 months) or myocardial infarction within the past 6 months.
  • Known brain metastasis. Patients with neurological symptoms must undergo a CT scan/MRI of the brain to exclude brain metastasis.
  • Cardiac ventricular arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy.
  • Uncontrolled hypertension defined as systolic blood pressure >150 mmHg or diastolic pressure greater than 90 mmHg, despite optimal medical management.
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or chronic Hepatitis B or C.
  • Active clinically serious infection greater than Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Grade 2.
  • Thrombotic or embolic events such as a cerebrovascular accident including transient ischemic attacks within the past 6 months.
  • History of significant hemoptysis (defined as bright red blood of a ½ teaspoon or more). Patients with blood-tinged or blood-streaked sputum will be permitted on study if the hemoptysis amount to less than 5 mL of blood per episode and less than 10 mL of blood per 24 hour period.
  • Any other hemorrhage/bleeding event greater than or equal to CTCAE Grade 3 within 4 weeks of first dose of study drug.
  • Serious non-healing wound, ulcer or bone fracture.
  • Evidence or history of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy.
  • Major surgery, open biopsy or significant traumatic injury within 4 weeks of first study drug.
  • Use of St. John's Wort or rifampin (rifampicin).
  • Known or suspected allergy to sorafenib or any agent given in the course of this trial.
  • Any condition that impairs patient's ability to swallow whole pills.
  • Any malabsorption problem.
  • History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any drugs formulated with polysorbate 80.
  • Women who are breast-feeding.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00801801

United States, Alabama
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294 - 0104
Sponsors and Collaborators
Francisco Robert,MD
Principal Investigator: Francisco Robert, M.D. University of Alabama at Birmingham
  More Information

Responsible Party: Francisco Robert,MD, Principal Investigator, University of Alabama at Birmingham Identifier: NCT00801801     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: F080703006
UAB 0750 ( Other Identifier: Institutional study protocol number )
Study First Received: December 2, 2008
Results First Received: June 8, 2012
Last Updated: February 1, 2016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Vitamin B Complex
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on April 28, 2017