We're building a better ClinicalTrials.gov. Check it out and tell us what you think!
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Fludarabine Phosphate, Cytarabine, Filgrastim-sndz, Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin, and Idarubicin Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia or High-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00801489
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 3, 2008
Last Update Posted : February 13, 2023
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies the side effects and how well fludarabine phosphate, cytarabine, filgrastim-sndz, gemtuzumab ozogamicin, and idarubicin hydrochloride work in treating patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia or high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fludarabine phosphate, cytarabine, and idarubicin hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Gemtuzumab ozogamicin is a monoclonal antibody, called gemtuzumab, linked to a antitumor drug, called calicheamicin. Gemtuzumab is a form of targeted therapy because it attaches to specific molecules (receptors) on the surface of cancer cells, known as CD33 receptors, and delivers calicheamicin to kill them. Colony-stimulating factors, such as filgrastim-sndz, may increase the number of immune cells found in bone marrow or peripheral blood and may help the immune system recover from the side effects of chemotherapy. Giving fludarabine phosphate, cytarabine, filgrastim-sndz, gemtuzumab ozogamicin, and idarubicin hydrochloride may kill more cancer cells.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13.1q22); CBFB-MYH11 Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13.1;q22); CBFB-MYH11 Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21); (q22; q22.1); RUNX1-RUNX1T1 de Novo Myelodysplastic Syndrome High Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome Inv(16) Myelodysplastic Syndrome With Excess Blasts t(16;16) t(8;21) Untreated Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Drug: Cytarabine Drug: Decitabine Biological: Filgrastim-sndz Drug: Fludarabine Phosphate Drug: Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin Drug: Idarubicin Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. Evaluate the safety of a regimen incorporating fludarabine phosphate (fludarabine), high-dose cytarabine, filgrastim-sndz, gemtuzumab ozogamicin and idarubicin hydrochloride (idarubicin) in patients with untreated inv(16) or t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

II. Evaluate the complete remission rates achieved in this population with this regimen.


I. Assess the proportion of patients with untreated inv(16) or t(8;21) AML who, having entered complete remission (CR) on this regimen, remain alive in CR two years from CR date.

II. Assess whether the quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) results can be used in detecting relapse in these patients.


REMISSION INDUCTION: Patients receive filgrastim-sndz subcutaneously (SC) once daily (QD) beginning on day -1 and continuing until blood count recovery. Patients also receive fludarabine phosphate intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on days 1-5, cytarabine IV over 4 hours on days 1-5, gemtuzumab ozogamicin IV over 2 hours on day 1. Patients not in remission after their first induction therapy may repeat remission induction therapy.

POST-REMISSION THERAPY: Patients receive filgrastim-sndz SC on day -1, fludarabine phosphate IV over 30 minutes on days 1-3, cytarabine IV over 4 hours on days 1-3, gemtuzumab ozogamicin IV over 2 hours on day 1 of courses 1 or 2 and 5 or 6, and idarubicin hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 2 and 3 of one post-remission course (post-remission courses 3 or 4) determined by the treating physician after discussion with the PI if suboptimal qPCR response (qPCR > 0.01 after post-remission cycle 2 or 3). Treatment repeats every 4-6 weeks for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

FURTHER MODIFICATION OF POST-REMISSION THERAPY: Patients older than 60, with significant comorbidities, experiencing life-threatening complications, prolonged cytopenias, or not achieving complete molecular response may receive decitabine IV over 1 hour daily for 5 days after discussion with the principal investigator. Treatment repeats every 4-6 weeks for up to 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months for 2 years.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 200 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Study of Fludarabine, Cytarabine, Filgrastim-sndz,Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin and Idarubicin in Newly Diagnosed Core Binding Factor Associated Acute Myelogenous Leukemia
Actual Study Start Date : April 4, 2007
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 30, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 30, 2023

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (filgrastim, fludara, cytara, gemtuzu, idarubicin)
See Detailed Description
Drug: Cytarabine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • .beta.-Cytosine arabinoside
  • 1-.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
  • 1-.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 1-Beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
  • 1-Beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 1.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-Amino-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-
  • 2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-amino-1.beta.-D-arabinofuranosyl-
  • Alexan
  • Ara-C
  • ARA-cell
  • Arabine
  • Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • Arabinosylcytosine
  • Aracytidine
  • Aracytin
  • Aracytine
  • Beta-cytosine Arabinoside
  • CHX-3311
  • Cytarabinum
  • Cytarbel
  • Cytosar
  • Cytosine Arabinoside
  • Cytosine-.beta.-arabinoside
  • Cytosine-beta-arabinoside
  • Erpalfa
  • Starasid
  • Tarabine PFS
  • U 19920
  • U-19920
  • Udicil
  • WR-28453

Drug: Decitabine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine
  • Aza-TdC
  • Dacogen
  • Decitabine for Injection
  • Deoxyazacytidine
  • Dezocitidine

Biological: Filgrastim-sndz
Given SC
Other Names:
  • Filgrastim Biosimilar Filgrastim-sndz
  • Zarxio

Drug: Fludarabine Phosphate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 2-F-ara-AMP
  • 9H-Purin-6-amine, 2-fluoro-9-(5-O-phosphono-.beta.-D-arabinofuranosyl)-
  • Beneflur
  • Fludara
  • SH T 586

Drug: Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Calicheamicin-Conjugated Humanized Anti-CD33 Monoclonal Antibody
  • CDP-771
  • CMA-676
  • gemtuzumab
  • hP67.6-Calicheamicin
  • Mylotarg
  • WAY-CMA-676

Drug: Idarubicin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 4-Demethoxydaunomycin
  • 4-demethoxydaunorubicin
  • 4-DMDR

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Complete remission rate [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
  2. Toxicity rate [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have untreated AML, or high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) (refractory anemia with excess blasts, [RAEB], or RAEB "in transformation" [RAEB-t]) characterized by t(8;21), inv(16), or t(16;16); the presence of additional abnormalities is irrelevant
  • Patients must provide written consent
  • Participants will not be excluded based on performance status; for patients with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status >= to 3 the dosing schedule will be discussed with study chairman
  • Patients with organ dysfunction will not be excluded from the study; for patients with evidence of organ dysfunction (creatinine >= 1.5, cardiac ejection fraction =< 50%, total bilirubin >=2 and aspartate aminotransferase [AST]/alanine aminotransferase [ALT] >= 3 times upper limit of normal [ULN]), dose adjustments/omissions will be made
  • Up to one cycle of prior induction therapy will be permitted to include patients in whom presence of "good-risk" cytogenetics was initially missed; if the patient is in remission from induction therapy, he/she will receive post-remission therapy; if the patient is not in remission then he/she will receive induction therapy
  • Patients of child bearing potential should practice effective methods of contraception

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant and lactating females will be excluded

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00801489

Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Gautam Borthakur 713-563-1586 gborthak@mdanderson.org

Layout table for location information
United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: Gautam Borthakur    713-563-1586      
Principal Investigator: Gautam Borthakur         
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Gautam Borthakur M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Additional Information:
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00801489    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2007-0147
NCI-2012-01659 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2007-0147 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
First Posted: December 3, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 13, 2023
Last Verified: January 2023

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Anemia, Refractory, with Excess of Blasts
Pathologic Processes
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Anemia, Refractory
Fludarabine phosphate
Antineoplastic Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors