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A Study of Xeloda (Capecitabine) Plus Radiotherapy in Participants With Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hoffmann-La Roche
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00796718
First received: November 21, 2008
Last updated: July 14, 2016
Last verified: July 2016
  Purpose
This single arm study will assess the efficacy and safety of treatment with Xeloda plus standard pelvic radiotherapy in participants with locally advanced rectal cancer. Eligible participants will receive Xeloda 825mg/m^2 orally twice daily plus standard radiotherapy for 5 weeks, followed by surgery within 6 weeks after completion of treatment. The anticipated time on study treatment is < 3 months, and the target sample size is < 100 individuals.

Condition Intervention Phase
Colorectal Cancer Radiation: Standard radiotherapy Drug: Capecitabine [Xeloda] Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open Label Study of the Effect of Xeloda and Radiotherapy on Pathological Response Rate in Patients With Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Hoffmann-La Roche:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants With Pathological Complete Response [ Time Frame: Up to 11 weeks (assessed at the time of post-treatment surgery) ]
    Pathological complete response was defined as the absence of viable tumor cells in the tumor specimen, including regional lymph nodes determined with standard histological procedures.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants With Response to Treatment Assessed 4-6 Weeks After the Completion of Radiochemotherapy (Complete Response, Partial Remission or No Response to the Treatment) [ Time Frame: Up to 11 weeks (assessed 4-6 weeks after the completion of radiochemotherapy) ]
    Complete response was defined as the disappearance of all target and non-target lesions. Partial remission was defined as ≥ 30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter (SLD) of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline SLD, or the persistence of 1 or more non-target lesions. No response to treatment was defined as neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for partial remission nor sufficient increase to qualify for progressive disease, compared to the baseline SLD.

  • Percentage of Participants With Response to the Treatment Assessed 1 Month After Surgery (Complete Response, Partial Remission or No Response to the Treatment) [ Time Frame: Up to 15 weeks (assessed 1 month after surgery) ]
    Complete response was defined as the disappearance of all target and non-target lesions. Partial remission was defined as ≥ 30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter (SLD) of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline SLD, or the persistence of 1 or more non-target lesions. No response to treatment was defined as neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for partial remission nor sufficient increase to qualify for progressive disease, compared to the baseline SLD.

  • Percentage of Participants With Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Up to 15 weeks ]
    An adverse event was defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered the investigational product which does not necessarily have a causal relationship with this treatment.


Enrollment: 62
Study Start Date: October 2008
Study Completion Date: August 2010
Primary Completion Date: August 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Capecitabine
Capecitabine orally twice daily plus standard radiotherapy for 5 weeks, followed by surgery within 6 weeks after completion of treatment.
Radiation: Standard radiotherapy
Administered as prescribed according to normal clinical practice.
Drug: Capecitabine [Xeloda]
825 milligrams per meter square (mg/m^2) orally twice daily for 5 weeks.
Other Name: Xeloda®

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • adult patients, 18-80 years of age;
  • rectal cancer;
  • planned surgery, and likely to benefit from pre-operative combined chemo-radiotherapy;
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2

Exclusion Criteria:

  • previous radiotherapy or chemotherapy for colorectal cancer;
  • clinically significant cardiovascular disease;
  • significant gastric or small intestine disease;
  • serious uncontrolled active infection
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00796718

Locations
Slovakia
Banska Bystrica, Slovakia, 975 17
Bratislava, Slovakia, 833 10
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hoffmann-La Roche
Investigators
Study Director: Clinical Trials Hoffmann-La Roche
  More Information

Responsible Party: Hoffmann-La Roche
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00796718     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ML21800
2008-003980-38
Study First Received: November 21, 2008
Results First Received: July 14, 2016
Last Updated: July 14, 2016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Rectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Capecitabine
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on June 23, 2017