Nadroparin for the Initial Treatment of Pulmonary Thromboembolism (NATSPUTE)
Drug: Unfractionated heparin(UFH)
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Efficacy and Safety of Body Weight Adjusted Nadroparin vs Standard Unfractionated Heparin for the Initial Treatment of Pulmonary Thromboembolism：a Multi-Centre, Randomised Controlled Trial in China|
- Clinical and image(including V/Q scan and CTPA) improvement [ Time Frame: Time Frame: 14days ]
- Recurrent venous thromboembolism(VTE), major bleeding death Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
|Study Start Date:||June 2002|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2006|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Group 2
Low molecular weight heparin
LMWH is given with a weight adjusted dose of 86 international anti-factor Xa units of nadroparin (Fraxiparine) per kilogram of body weight(86 anti-factor Xa IU/kg) subcutaneously every 12 hours,which will be used at least 5-7 days.
Other Name: Low moleculor weight hepatin
Active Comparator: Group 1
Drug: Unfractionated heparin(UFH)
UFH is received with an initial bolus dose of 80 IU per kilogram, followed by a continuous intravenous infusion at an initial rate of 18 IU per kilogram per hour. The dose is subsequently adjusted so that the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) would be 1.5 to 2.5 times the control value in normal subjects. The tests are performed 4 hours after the start of treatment, whenever a sub-therapeutic APTT had been measured after a dose adjustment, and otherwise daily.UFH will be used at least 5-7 days.
Other Name: Standard Unfractionated heparin
Low-molecular-weight heparin (LWMH) appears to be at least as effective and safe as standard, unfractionated heparin (UFH)for the treatment of patients with deep vein thrombosis(DVT) and may also be so in patients with pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE). Only limited data are available on the evaluation of body weight adjusted LWMH and standard UFH for the initial treatment of PTE in Chinese population.
The aim of this study is to determine whether body weight-adjusted, subcutaneous Nadroparin is as effective and safe as UFH for treatment of patients with objectively documented PTE.
An open-label, adjudicator-blinded, randomized controlled trial of patients with symptomatic non-massive PTE from 37 major hospitals in China is conducted . Intravenous UFH was administered received an initial bolus dose of 80 IU/kg, followed by a continuous infusion at an initial rate of 18 IU/kg /hour. The dose was subsequently adjusted by activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) monitoring. LMWH (nadroparin) was administered subcutaneously at a dose of 86 anti-factor Xa IU/kg every 12 hours.
Both treatments were overlapped with at least 3 months of warfarin therapy. Main outcome measures were combined end point of clinical effect, image improvement,Recurrent venous thromboembolism(VTE), major bleeding, and death within 14 days and 3 months of randomization.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00796692
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|Principal Investigator:||Chen WANG, Prof||Beijing Institute of Respiratory Medicine,Beijing Chao Yang Hospital|