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Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study to Evaluate the Effect of ITF2357 on Mucosal Healing in Patients With Moderate-to-severe Active Crohn's Disease (Chron Disease)

This study has been terminated.
(As no safety warnings were detected,Interim analysis from the first 40 patients reccomends to stop the trial for futility)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Italfarmaco Identifier:
First received: November 14, 2008
Last updated: February 1, 2012
Last verified: February 2012

The study will be conducted according to a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled, parallel group design in up to 25 clinical sites in Europe.

Patients will be randomly assigned to two parallel treatment groups (1:1 randomization ratio) receiving either ITF2357, as hard gelatine capsule for oral administration, at the dose of 50 mg b.i.d. (total daily dose of 100 mg), or matching placebo capsules,. Treatment will be administered on an outpatient basis for 8 consecutive weeks, followed by a 4-week follow-up. During screening, in the 8-week treatment period and in the 4-week follow-up period, patients will attend scheduled visits, with physical and laboratory assessments, in order to monitor disease evolution and safety and tolerability of ITF2357.

The study will be conducted in up to 80 patients of both genders, with established diagnosis of CD, who present with ulcerations greater than aphthous ulcers in at least one of the five bowel segments investigated endoscopically, from the ileum to the rectum, with endoscopic and clinical evidence of moderate-to-severe active disease, not controlled by on-going treatment with conventional therapies such as 5-aminosalycylates, steroids or immunosuppressants.

Condition Intervention Phase
Crohn's Disease
Drug: ITF2357
Drug: Placebo capsules
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study to Evaluate the Effect of ITF2357 on Mucosal Healing in Patients With Moderate-to-severe Active Crohn's Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Italfarmaco:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine the ability of ITF2357 to induce complete healing of mucosal ulcerations of ileum and/or colon, assessed by endoscopy [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • to evaluate: the effect of ITF2357 on endoscopic disease activity assessed using both the CDEIS and the SESCD; the efficacy on clinical disease, assessed using the CDAI; to assess drug safety and tolerability and pharmacokinetic properties. [ Time Frame: 8 week ]

Enrollment: 51
Study Start Date: October 2007
Study Completion Date: February 2009
Primary Completion Date: December 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Placebo capsules
  • oral ITF2357 50 mg b.i.d.
  • matching placebo Two parallel groups (1:1)
Drug: Placebo capsules
Placebo will be supplied as matching capsules for oral administration with the same outer appearance
Experimental: ITF2357
  • oral ITF2357 50 mg b.i.d.
  • matching placebo Two parallel groups (1:1).
Drug: ITF2357
ITF2357 will be supplied as hard gelatin capsules for oral administration at the dose strength of 50 mg.

Detailed Description:

ITF2357 is an orally active, synthetic inhibitor of histone deacetylase (HDAC) enzyme, which has been demonstrated to selectively inhibit the in-vitro production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and to exhibit in-vivo anti-inflammatory effects, both in animals and in humans.

Crohn's Disease (CD) is a chronic and debilitating inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract of unknown aetiology. The disease, which affects slightly more females than males and has a peak incidence at about 30 years of age, leads to significant physical morbidity and a marked impairment in quality of life. Abdominal pain and diarrhoea are the most common symptoms, although patients with CD may also develop a number of other clinical features such as malnutrition, anemia, osteoporosis, disabling perianal fistulae, and extra-intestinal symptoms such as fatigue, low-grade fever, arthritis and abnormalities of liver function. CD may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract and is characterised by a pattern of relapses and remissions that may require treatment, including surgical intervention. More than 70% of subjects will require surgery during the course of their disease.

The present study has been designed in order to prove that the short-term (8 weeks) treatment with oral ITF2357 can induce disease improvement in a substantial proportion of patients. Its aim is to evaluate whether a short term treatment with ITF2357 for 8 weeks, at the selected dose of 50 mg b.i.d., is able to induce healing of mucosal lesions, evaluated endoscopically, in patients with endoscopic and clinical evidence of moderate-to-severe active Crohn's disease, not controlled by ongoing treatment with conventional therapies such as 5-aminosalycylates, steroids or immunosuppressants.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 88 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age: > 18 years
  • Diagnosis of CD, re-established by endoscopy and/or X-ray and/or surgery in the last 36 months
  • CD in active phase since at least 2 weeks before screening
  • CDAI between 220 and 450
  • CDEIS > 8
  • Ulcerations greater than aphthous ulcers in at least 1 of the bowel segments from ileum to rectum
  • If any on-going treatment with corticosteroids (prednisone, prednisolone or budesonide), it must be at a dose equivalent to or less than 30 mg/day prednisone, or 9 mg of budesonide, and in use for at least one month and at a stable dose for at least two weeks before patient enrolment
  • If any on-going treatment with immunosuppressant (azathioprine, 6-mercaptopurine, methotrexate), it must be in use for at least 3 months before patient enrolment
  • If any on-going treatment with 5-aminosalicilates, it must be in place for at least 4 weeks before patient enrolment, at a dose > 2 g
  • Females of childbearing potential with negative pregnancy tests

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Treatment in the 2 months with anti-TNF-alfa antibodies and in the previous 3 months with cytokines inhibitors or experimental drugs
  • Primary failure to previous treatment with anti-TNF-alfa antibodies-
  • Current bowel obstruction or any condition that may predispose to its development (e.g. clinically significant unresolved intestinal stricture, adhesions or any other condition that would place the patient at risk for developing overt bowel obstruction) or intestinal perforation or significant GI hemorrhage
  • Expected surgery for the duration of the study
  • Any ostomy or extensive bowel resection
  • Positive serological anti-HCV and anti-HIV testing and positive testing for active HBV replication, e.g. HBV-DNA or HBsAg or HBeAg (to be performed at screening)
  • Other on-going clinical relevant viral infections (e.g. herpes zoster, Epstein-Barr, CMV), systemic fungal infections or history of recurrent serious bacterial infections
  • Signs and symptoms of severe, progressive or uncontrolled renal, hepatic, haematologic, endocrine, pulmonary, cardiac, neurologic or cerebral disease
  • Any previous evidence, irrespective of its severity, of coronary disease, cardiac rhythm abnormalities or congestive heart failure
  • QTc interval > 450 msec at pre-treatment evaluation
  • Serum magnesium and potassium below the LLN at pre-treatment evaluation
  • Platelet counts below 200 x 10^9/L at pre-treatment evaluation
  • Any previous evidence, irrespective of its severity, of renal function impairment
  • Unavoidable concomitant treatment with any drug known for potential risk of causing Torsades de Pointes
  • Presence of a transplanted organ
  • History of cancer with less than 5 years documentation of a disease-free state
  • History of tuberculosis
  • Severe lactose intolerance
  • Pregnant or nursing women
  • Female of childbearing potential without using a safe contraceptive measure
  • Participation in a clinical trial within 30 days prior to initiation of study treatment.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00792740

University Hospital Gasthuisber
Leuven, Belgium, 3000
Sponsors and Collaborators
Study Chair: Paul Rutgeerts, MD University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium
  More Information

Responsible Party: Italfarmaco Identifier: NCT00792740     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DSC/06/2357/23
Study First Received: November 14, 2008
Last Updated: February 1, 2012

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Crohn Disease
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Givinostat hydrochloride
Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action processed this record on April 27, 2017