Try our beta test site
IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more...

Anakinra to Prevent Post-infarction Remodeling (VCU-ART)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Virginia Commonwealth University Identifier:
First received: November 11, 2008
Last updated: February 21, 2012
Last verified: September 2010

Thousands of patients die daily from early and late complications of a heart attack (acute myocardial infarction, AMI). Patients surviving AMI remain at high risk of death from adverse cardiac remodeling (dysfunction and enlargement of the heart) leading to heart failure (weakening of the heart).

Current interventions proven to reduce adverse remodeling and progression to heart failure include early reperfusion (restoring blood flow to the heart muscle) and long-term use of medicines that block the effects of hormones (such as angiotensin II, norepinephrine and aldosterone) involved in adverse remodeling. Despite these treatments, however, many patients continue to develop heart failure within 1 year of AMI. These patients are at very high risk of death.

Numerous changes occur in the hearts of patients after AMI that lead to adverse remodeling. Ischemia (lack of oxygen) and infarction (cell damage) lead to increased interleukin-1 (IL-1) production in the heart. IL-1 plays a critical role in adverse cardiac remodeling by coordinating the inflammatory pathway (leading to wound healing) and apoptotic pathway (leading to cell death).

In opposition to IL-1 activity, the human body produces a natural IL-1 receptor antagonist that blocks the effects of IL-1. The drug form of this IL-1 receptor antagonist (anakinra) is currently FDA approved for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, an inflammatory disease characterized by excessive IL-1 activity. Experimental studies show that anakinra is able to prevent cardiac remodeling and improve survival in mice after AMI.

We hypothesize that anakinra will show similar benefits in human patients by preventing adverse remodeling and heart failure after AMI.

Condition Intervention Phase
ST Segment Elevation Acute Myocardial Infarction
Drug: Anakinra
Drug: Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Recombinant Human Interleukin-1 Receptor Antagonist, Anakinra, to Prevent Post-infarction Remodeling: the Virginia Commonwealth University Anakinra Remodeling Trial (VCU-ART)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Virginia Commonwealth University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Difference Between the Anakinra Arm and Placebo Arm in Change in End-systolic Volume Indices From Baseline to Follow up Exam 10-14 Weeks Later at Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging. [ Time Frame: 10-14 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Difference Between the 2 Arms in Change in End-diastolic Volume Indices and Ejection Fraction Values From Baseline to Follow up Exam at Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging [ Time Frame: 10-14 weeks ]
  • Difference Between the 2 Arms in Change in E/E' Ratios and Myocardial Performance (Tei) Indices From Baseline to Follow up Exam at Transthoracic Echo-color-Doppler Cardiac Exam [ Time Frame: 10-14 weeks ]
  • Difference Between the 2 Arms in the Percentage of Patients With Any of the Following : a) End-systolic or End-diastolic Volume Index Increase >10%; b) Ejection Fraction Decrease >10%; c) E/E'>15 at Follow up [ Time Frame: 10-14 weeks ]
  • Difference Between the 2 Arms in Change in Oxygen Uptake Kinetics From Baseline to Follow up Exam at Submaximal Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test [ Time Frame: 10-14 weeks ]
  • Difference Between the 2 Arms in Change in the Number of Circulating Endothelial Progenitor Cells From Baseline to Follow up Exam [ Time Frame: 10-14 weeks ]
  • Difference Between the 2 Arms in Change in Serum BNP Levels, C-reactive Protein, and Hemoglobin A1c% From Baseline to Follow up [ Time Frame: 10-14 weeks ]
  • Difference Between the 2 Arms in the Incidence of Significant Cardiac Arrhythmias in the Acute Phase [ Time Frame: 48 hours ]
  • Difference Between the 2 Arms in the Number of Adverse Effects Including a) All Events; b) All Events Requiring Unblinding of the Treatment; c) All Events Requiring Early Termination of the Intervention [ Time Frame: 10-14 weeks ]

Enrollment: 10
Study Start Date: November 2008
Study Completion Date: August 2009
Primary Completion Date: August 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Anakinra
Anakinra 100 mg given daily by subcutaneous injection for 14 days
Drug: Anakinra
100 mg daily subcutaneous injection for 14 days
Other Name: Kineret (TM)
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
0.67 ml of NaCl 0.9% solution
Drug: Placebo
0.67 ml of NaCl 0.9% subcutaneously daily for 14 days


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age >18 years
  • Acute (<24 hours) onset of chest pain
  • New or presumably new ST elevation on ECG
  • Planned coronary angiography for percutaneous revascularization

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Inability to give informed consent
  • Late presentation (>24 hours)
  • Unsuccessful revascularization or urgent coronary bypass surgery
  • Hemodynamic instability
  • End-stage congestive heart failure (AHA/ACC stage C/D, NYHA class IV)
  • Preexisting severe LV dysfunction (LVEF<20%) or severe valvular disease
  • Severe asthma
  • Pregnancy ( pre-enrollment pregnancy test)
  • Contraindications to cardiac MRI or cardiac angiography
  • Severe coagulopathy (INR>2.0, Platelet count<50,000/mm3)
  • Severe renal insufficiency (creatinine clearance <30 ml/min/m2)
  • Recent (<14 days) use of anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS excluded)
  • Chronic inflammatory disease
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00789724

United States, Virginia
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23298
Sponsors and Collaborators
Virginia Commonwealth University
Principal Investigator: Antonio Abbate, MD Virginia Commonwealth University
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Virginia Commonwealth University Identifier: NCT00789724     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: VCU-ART
Study First Received: November 11, 2008
Results First Received: July 30, 2010
Last Updated: February 21, 2012

Keywords provided by Virginia Commonwealth University:
acute myocardial infarction

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Myocardial Infarction
Pathologic Processes
Myocardial Ischemia
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein
Antirheumatic Agents processed this record on April 26, 2017