Cystic Fibrosis Foundation (CFF) Biomarkers of Exacerbation
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Clinical and translational research in cystic fibrosis (CF) is hampered by a lack of biomarkers that can be used to identify promising new therapies. There is an urgent need for development and validation of biomarkers that more quickly predict the usefulness of potential drugs in CF and might prognosticate clinical course. In particular, combinations of protein biomarkers that can be obtained non-invasively offer great promise. The goal of this project is to determine whether protein biomarkers in blood can demonstrate a beneficial effect of treatment over two weeks. We intend to initially target an acute pulmonary exacerbation in CF because we know that subjects being treated with intravenous antibiotics and enhanced mucus clearance display clinical improvements within two weeks. We propose to prospectively collect blood samples from a large cohort of well-characterized CF persons serially during inpatient admissions for a pulmonary exacerbation and longitudinally during annual visits. Through this proposal, we hope to identify a CF lung injury biomarker panel that increases in the setting of an acute pulmonary exacerbation and improves rapidly following intravenous antibiotic therapy. Additionally, we will begin to explore whether this CF lung injury biomarker panel might also prognosticate clinical course including decline in pulmonary function. Finally, this study will serve as an important source of blood samples that will be banked for future biomarker and therapeutic studies designed to benefit the entire CF community.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
10 Years and older (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Individuals with CF greater than or equal to 10 years of age who are being started on intravenous (IV) antibiotics for a clinically diagnosed pulmonary exacerbation. Patients must demonstrate at least 3 of the 11 criteria for pulmonary exacerbation as defined by a Cystic Fibrosis Foundation (CFF) Consensus Conference. Treatment with a minimum of two IV antibiotics is required. We expect to enroll an approximately equal number of males and females. Most CF patients in our clinics are of white, non-Hispanic origin and we anticipate this ethnic mix to persist in this study. The majority of pediatric CF subjects will be admitted to the hospital for treatment purposes whereas many adults receive their IV antibiotics at home.
Diagnosis of CF as evidenced by a sweat chloride test >60mEq/L or by the presence of two known CF genetic mutations
Male or female greater than or equal to 10 years of age
Initiation of intravenous antibiotic therapy for a clinically diagnosed acute pulmonary exacerbation
Ability to perform reproducible pulmonary function tests
Willing to comply with the study procedures and willingness to provide written consent
Presence of a condition or abnormality that, in the opinion of the Principal Investigator (PI), would compromise the safety of the patient or quality of the data