Rett syndrome (RTT) is an X-linked severe neurodevelopmental disorder. Despite their good appetite, many females with RTT meet the criteria for moderate to severe malnutrition. The pathological mechanism is barely understood. Although feeding difficulties may play a part in this, other constitutional factors as altered metabolic processes are suspected. Irregular breathing is a common clinical feature, reflecting the immaturity of the brainstem in RTT. The primary pathophysiology is a defective control mechanism of carbon dioxide exhalation that leads to chronic respiratory alkalosis or acidosis. We assume that chronic respiratory acidosis or alkalosis causes derangement of the metabolic equilibrium in RTT females with important nutritional consequences.
The aims of this pilot study are to describe the nutritional status of the RTT girls and to examine the consequences of a chronic respiratory acidosis or alkalosis on metabolic processes as a possible cause of impaired nutritional status.
Biospecimen Retention: Samples Without DNA
Primary Outcome Measures:
- 1. What is the nutritional status of the RTT girls? 2. Can metabolic alterations caused by chronic respiratory acidosis or alkalosis be detected? [ Time Frame: Once. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Whole blood, serum, dried blood spot, leukocytes, erythrocytes, urine.
| Study Start Date:
| Study Completion Date:
| Primary Completion Date:
||October 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Rett syndrome girls
The study population consists of a well-defined group of Dutch RTT thirteen girls with complete clinical, molecular and neurophysiological work-up.