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Improving Balance in Frail Elderly

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nancy Mayo, McGill University Identifier:
First received: November 4, 2008
Last updated: February 1, 2013
Last verified: March 2010
The objective of this pilot study is to estimate, for a frail elderly population, the extent to which balance improves following a Core-Strength training program in comparison to a Stretch & Strength program. A secondary objective is to explore the impact of core strength training on urinary incontinence.

Condition Intervention Phase
Other: Core
Early Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Official Title: Improving Balance in Frail Elderly: A Randomized Clinical Trial of Two Methods to Enhance Strength (Stretch and Strength Versus Core Strength)

Further study details as provided by McGill University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Berg balance scale [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 weeks, discharge ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Functional walking capacity 6 minute walk test [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 weeks, discharge ]
  • Gait speed [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 weeks, discharge ]
  • Bridge Test [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 weeks, discharge ]
  • Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC Scale) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 weeks, Discharge ]
  • International Consultation on Urinary Incontinence Questionnaire- Urinary Incontinence Short Form (ICIQ-UI) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 weeks, discharge ]

Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: August 2006
Study Completion Date: December 2009
Primary Completion Date: December 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: core
strength training of the core muscles.
Other: Core
We have devised a series of core strength training exercises that can be easily and safely performed under the supervision of trained staff. The exercises will be individualized depending on the participants' ability and health conditions. The majority, but not all, of exercises will be performed on or with exercise balls of different sizes and shapes, round for more advanced persons and oval for more frail persons.
No Intervention: stretch and strength
This program consists of general stretching exercises and peripheral muscle strengthening exercises with a special emphasis on strengthening the upper extremity muscles because of their importance for ADL but not necessarily balance.

Detailed Description:
Participants will be randomized to one of the two exercise groups, Core-Strength training group or the Stretch & Strength group. The exercises will consist of 15-20 minute session for every day they attend the GDH. Measures will be made at admission, after 6 weeks of the program and at discharge if more than past 6 weeks.

Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • elderly persons attending the geriatric day hospital at the royal victoria hospital

Exclusion Criteria:

  • persons who are not medically fit to participate in the Geriatric day hospital physiotherapy component.
  • the individuals at high risk for falls
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00785746

Canada, Quebec
McGill University-Royal Victoria Hospital Site
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3A-1A1
Sponsors and Collaborators
McGill University
Principal Investigator: Nancy E Mayo, PhD McGill University, Division of Clinical Epidemiology
  More Information

Responsible Party: Nancy Mayo, BSc(PT), MSc, PhD, McGill University Identifier: NCT00785746     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SDR-06--010
Study First Received: November 4, 2008
Last Updated: February 1, 2013

Keywords provided by McGill University:
elderly, balance, core, strength processed this record on March 30, 2017