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A Study to Compare Oxycodone/Naloxone Prolonged Release Against Codeine/Paracetamol in the Treatment of Moderate to Severe Chronic Low Back Pain or Pain Due to Osteoarthritis

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00784810
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 4, 2008
Results First Posted : November 2, 2011
Last Update Posted : November 2, 2011
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Napp Pharmaceuticals Limited

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to compare oxycodone/naloxone combination tablet and codeine/paracetamol tablets in the treatment of moderate to severe chronic low back pain or pain due to osteoarthritis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Osteoarthritis Back Pain Drug: Oxycodone/Naloxone Drug: Codeine/Paracetamol Phase 4

Detailed Description:

This is a randomised, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel group, 12-week study to assess the efficacy and tolerability of oxycodone/naloxone compared to codeine/paracetamol tablets in the treatment of moderate to severe chronic low back pain or moderate to severe pain due to OA of the hip and /or knee.

The screening period will be 3 - 7 days duration. If a subject meets all the screening criteria they may enter the Run-in Period.

During the screening period subjects will continue to take their pre-study pain medication.

The run-in period will be 7 - 14 days duration. During the run-in period subjects will continue to take their pre-study pain medication.

Visit 3 will occur at the end of the Run-in Period (7-14 days after Visit 2). To qualify for entry into the treatment period of the study, subjects must have uncontrolled pain as shown by average daily pain scores of >5 on 4 of the last 7 days of the run in period.

Eligible subjects will be randomised to either oxycodone/naloxone or codeine/paracetamol tablets. Subjects will receive double-blind study medication for up to 12 weeks.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 247 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double-blind, Double-dummy, Parallel Group, Randomised Study to Compare the Efficacy & Tolerability of Oxycodone/Naloxone Prolonged Release (OXN PR) & Codeine/Paracetamol in the Treatment of Moderate to Severe Chronic Low Back Pain or Pain Due to Osteoarthritis
Study Start Date : February 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2011

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Oxycodone/Naloxone Tablets
Oxycodone/Naloxone combination
Drug: Oxycodone/Naloxone
5/2.5, 10/5 and 20/10 mg oxycodone/naloxone combination, 12 hourly

Active Comparator: Codeine/Paracetamol Tablets
Codeine/Paracetamol combination
Drug: Codeine/Paracetamol
15/500 and 30/500 mg codeine/paracetamol tablets, 2 tablets 6 hourly

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Average Daily Pain Score Box Scale-11 (BS-11) Recorded at Week 12 (Average Pain Over Last 24 Hours) [ Time Frame: Average daily pain over last 24 hours (at Week 12) ]
    The primary objective was to demonstrate non inferiority of Oxycodone/Naloxone Prolonged Release (OXN PR) compared to codeine/paracetamol in moderate to severe pain as assessed by BS-11 average daily pain scores. The Box Scale-11 is a scale from 0 to 10 (i.e. 0, 1, 2...10), where the subject records their daily pain over the previous 24 hours, by circling the relevant box, where 0 = no pain and 10 = pain as bad as you can imagine. This value is the value recorded at week 12 (average pain over the last 24 hours)

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Intakes of Rescue Medication (Ibuprofen) Between Visit 8 and Visit 9 for the 2 Groups. [ Time Frame: Between visit 8 and 9 ]
    To compare the number of intakes of rescue medication use (ibuprofen) for breakthrough pain between OXN (Oxycodone/Naloxone) and codeine/paracetamol groups. Ibuprofen tablets (400mg up to 3 times per day) were available as rescue medication. This was recorded by the subject in their diary whenever it was taken. The discrepancy in numbers of patients at this stage (between Visit 8 and Visit 9) is due to subject withdrawal during the study. The mean values presented are the "number of intakes of rescue medication" for this period (ie between Visit 8 and Visit 9).

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female subjects at least 18 years or older.
  2. Female subjects less than one year post-menopausal must have a negative urine pregnancy test recorded prior to the first dose of study medication, be non-lactating, and willing to use adequate and reliable contraception throughout the study. A highly effective method of birth control is defined as those which result in a low failure rate (i.e. less than 1% per year) when used consistently and correctly such as sterilization, implants, injectables, combined oral contraceptives, some IUDs, sexual abstinence or vasectomised partner.
  3. Subjects with a clinical diagnosis of degenerative or primary OA whose primary pain site is of the hip(s) and/or knee(s) and that require around-the-clock opioid therapy in which the diagnosis may be supported by evidence such as one of the following: MRI, CAT, arthroscopy or x-ray. The clinical imaging of OA may include one or more of the following features: joint space narrowing, degenerative changes, osteophyte formation or subchondral cysts. Subjects will identify the most painful joint (hip or knee) for documentation of OA. Pain measurement will be done at this joint only.
  4. Subjects with moderate to severe chronic low back pain e.g osteoarthritis, spinal stenosis, spondylolisthesis, failed back surgery, scoliosis, discogenic disorders such as herniated disc.
  5. Subjects who are currently receiving codeine/paracetamol combination tablets up to a maximum dose of 120 mg codeine per day or tramadol up to a maximum dose of 100 mg/day or dihydrocodeine / paracetamol tablets up to a maximum dose of 120 mg dihydrocodeine per day.
  6. Subjects willing and able to participate in all aspects of the core study, including use of oral medication, completion of subjective evaluations, attending scheduled clinic visits, completing telephone contacts, and compliance with protocol requirements as evidenced by providing written, informed consent.
  7. Subjects in which the pre-study, non-opioid analgesics, and all other concomitant medications, including those medications for the treatment of depression are anticipated to remain stable throughout the treatment phase of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Any history of hypersensitivity to oxycodone, naloxone, codeine, ibuprofen, bisacodyl or related products and ingredients.
  2. Any contraindication to oxycodone, naloxone, codeine, paracetamol or ibuprofen.
  3. Subjects with evidence of significant structural abnormalities of the GI tract (e.g., bowel obstruction, strictures) or any diseases/conditions that affect bowel transit (e.g., ileus, hypothyroidism).
  4. Subjects with cancer associated pain.
  5. Subjects with secondary osteoarthritis (e.g. fracture, septic, acromegaly etc.).
  6. Active alcohol or drug abuse and/or history of opioid abuse.
  7. Subjects with Rheumatoid Arthritis.
  8. Subjects with non opioid induced constipation.
  9. Subjects with evidence of clinically unstable disease, as determined by medical history, clinical laboratory tests, ECG results, and physical examination that, in the investigator's opinion, preclude entry into the study.
  10. Subjects with evidence of impaired liver/kidney function upon entry into the study defined as: Aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, or alkaline phosphatase levels >3 times the upper limit of normal; Gamma glutamyl transpeptidase ≥5 times the upper limit of normal; Total bilirubin level outside of the reference range unless the value is associated with pre documented Gilbert's Syndrome; Creatinine level outside of the reference range or > 2 mg/dl unless after discussion with the Medical Monitor it is confirmed the subject does not have renal impairment that would preclude the subject's inclusion in the study; In the investigator's opinion the subject has liver and/or kidney impairment to the extent that the subject should not participate in this study.
  11. Subjects who have required treatment for the diagnosis of IBS.
  12. Subjects receiving hypnotics or other CNS depressants that, in the investigator's opinion, may pose a risk of additional CNS depression with opioid study medication.
  13. Subjects with a history of depression or other psychiatric disorder that in the opinion of the investigator is significant enough to exclude the subject from the study.
  14. Subjects who are currently involved in legal action regarding their pain condition or subjects in which their pain condition may be of a psychiatric nature.
  15. Subjects receiving opioid substitution therapy for opioid addiction (e.g., methadone or buprenorphine).
  16. Subjects presently taking, or who have taken naloxone or naltrexone within 30 days of study entry (defined as the start of the Screening Period).
  17. Surgery within 2 months prior to the start of the Screening Period, or planned surgery during the12-week treatment period that may affect GI motility or pain levels.
  18. Subjects who have received a new chemical entity or an experimental drug within 30 days of study entry (define as the start of the Screening Period).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00784810

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United Kingdom
Coventry, United Kingdom, CV6 4DD
Sponsors and Collaborators
Napp Pharmaceuticals Limited
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Responsible Party: Napp Pharmaceuticals Limited
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00784810    
Other Study ID Numbers: OXN4502 (2008-002426-10)
First Posted: November 4, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 2, 2011
Last Update Posted: November 2, 2011
Last Verified: September 2011
Keywords provided by Napp Pharmaceuticals Limited:
Efficacy, tolerability, moderate/severe, oxycodone/naloxone
codeine/paracetamol, chronic low back pain, osteoarthritis
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Back Pain
Low Back Pain
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Analgesics, Opioid
Central Nervous System Depressants
Narcotic Antagonists
Antitussive Agents
Respiratory System Agents