Immunological Consequences of CARD15/NOD2 Mutations in Crohn's Disease (PLAC)
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
|Official Title:||Immunological Consequences of CARD15/NOD2 Mutations in Crohn's Disease|
- cytokine production and cell phenotype in Peyer patches [ Time Frame: final time frame at the end of the study ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: 1: Crohn's disease patient
Other: intestinal biopsies
intestinal biopsies during routine endoscopy
Other Name: intestinal biopsies during routine endoscopy
Crohn's Disease (CD) affects about 60.000 to 80.000 people in France. It is characterised by a chronic or relapsing inflammation of the gut. Its aetiology is largely unknown, limiting the development of preventive and curative therapeutic options. In 2001, we have identified the first CD susceptibility gene: CARD15/NOD2. This gene is involved in the innate immune response but we do not know today how gene mutations may induce the disease lesions. However, many data suggest that the intestinal inflammation may be related with an abnormal function of the lymphoid tissue present in the gut.
The aim of the present proposal is to better understand the role of CARD15/NOD2 mutations (R702W, G908R and 1007fs) in the development and the function of the intestinal lymphoid tissue. 250 patients and controls will be enrolled at Robert Debré and Saint Louis Hospital (Paris, France) within a 2 years period.
For participant, 4 to 5 ileal biopsies will be taken during a routine colonoscopy. Patients will be classed in three groups according to their number of CARD15/NOD2 mutations (1) wild-type, 2) mutated heterozygotes and 3) mutated homozygotes or compound heterozygotes). A comparison between groups and with non inflammatory (colonoscopy performed for other reasons) or inflammatory (ulcerative colitis patients) controls will be done. For each group, cell phenotype, cytokine profile, permeability and bacterial translocation will be analysed on Peyer's patches.
The project is based on adult and paediatric cohorts among the largest ones in Paris and located at Saint Louis and Robert Debré hospitals. Experiments will be performed at INSERM Unit U843 in collaboration with the department of immunology and statistics, Robert Debré Hospital.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00780949
|Hopital Robert Debre|
|Paris, France, 75019|
|Principal Investigator:||Jean-Pierre HUGOT, Professeur||Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris|