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Intracoronary Bradykinin Mediated t-PA Release in Heart Transplant Recipients (P1A4D)

This study has been withdrawn prior to enrollment.
(Unable to perform study due to unavailable drug, then unable to partner with cath lab)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
James Muldowney, Vanderbilt University Medical Center Identifier:
First received: October 24, 2008
Last updated: March 16, 2017
Last verified: March 2017

Heart transplant recipients do not have nerves to their hearts. This protocol tests the hypothesis that bradykinin mediated t-PA release in the coronary arteries will be reduced in heart transplant recipients compared to healthy subjects.

This study will compare heart transplant recipients to healthy controls who are undergoing cardiac cath for standard of care purposes (separate protocol) and compare the coronary arteries to the forearm in transplant recipients (separate protocol) and healthy controls (separate protocol).

Condition Intervention
Heart Transplantation
Drug: Bradykinin

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: The Effects of Cardiac Innervation on Intra-coronary t-PA Release

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Vanderbilt University Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • T-PA release in the coronary artery bed. [ Time Frame: Single Study Visit ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Heart rate variability [ Time Frame: Single study visit ]
  • Histopathology for arteriolar t-PA and sympathetic neurons [ Time Frame: Single Study Visit ]

Enrollment: 0
Actual Study Start Date: October 2008
Study Completion Date: May 2011
Primary Completion Date: January 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Bradykinin
Patients have holter monitoring. Patients receive intracoronary bradykinin (0.2, 0.6, 2.0 ug/min) and have coronary sinus and coronary artery blood sampling for t-PA and O2 content.
Drug: Bradykinin
Bradykinin 0, 0.2, 0.6, 2.0 ug/min intracoronary, for 5 minutes at each dose.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion criteria:

  1. Heart transplant recipients undergoing annual cardiac catheterization who have participated our protocol: Characterization of brachial arterial t-PA release, vasodilator function, and vascular compliance and correlation with fibrinolytic balance, oxidative stress, and inflammation measures in heart transplant recipients (SCCOR Project 1, Aim 3C). (IRB # 070517)
  2. 25 Subjects will have transplant vasculopathy and 25 subjects will be free of transplant vasculopathy, as documented in previous angiograms.
  3. Otherwise healthy

Exclusion criteria:

  1. PVC < 30
  2. Hypertensive subjects on ACE inhibitors
  3. Pregnant or nursing mothers
  4. Diabetic with HbA1C > 7.5 or stigmata of end organ damage (neuropathy, retinopathy, nephropathy, cardiomyopathy)
  5. Cholesterol > 30 mg/dL above NCEP accepted level based on cardiac risk.
  6. Triglycerides > 200
  7. Previously diagnosed obstructive coronary artery disease
  8. Renal insufficiency (Creatinine ≥ 1.5 mg/dl)
  9. History of cerebrovascular disease
  10. Any chronic inflammatory disease (rheumatologic, inflammatory bowel disease, etc)
  11. Uncontrolled Stage 2 Hypertension (160/100 mmHg), or end organ damage due to hypertension (left ventricular hypertrophy, atrial fibrillation, hematuria, renal insufficiency, prior cerebrovascular disease).
  12. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor use
  13. Coagulopathy (INR ≥ 1.5, PTT ≥ 150% of control)
  14. Peripheral Vascular Disease
  15. Other chronic medical illnesses at the discretion of the investigators

Healthy controls are being enrolled in SCCOR Project 1, Aims 3A and 3B (IRB# 030473 and 061160) and will not be participating under this IRB number.

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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00780377

United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
Sponsors and Collaborators
Vanderbilt University
Principal Investigator: James A S AS Muldowney, MD Vanderbilt University Medical Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: James Muldowney, Assistant Professor, Vanderbilt University Medical Center Identifier: NCT00780377     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 080823
Study First Received: October 24, 2008
Last Updated: March 16, 2017

Keywords provided by Vanderbilt University Medical Center:
Heart Transplant
Resting conditions

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Vasodilator Agents
Cysteine Proteinase Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action processed this record on April 28, 2017