Contribute to support hypothesis of relationships between genes involve in oncogenesis and those involve in embryological development.
Primary Outcome Measures:
- Annual lumbar-sacral MRI is performed [ Time Frame: one year ]
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
Secondary Outcome Measures:
- Pathological tumoral tissue analysis after surgical removal [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
- Annual serum alpha-foeto protein level monitoring [ Time Frame: one year ]
Pathological tumoral tissue analysis after surgical removal · Annual serum alpha-foeto protein level monitoring
| Study Start Date:
| Study Completion Date:
| Primary Completion Date:
||June 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
CURRARINO syndrome (CS) (OMIM 176450) is a rare congenital disease described in 1981, as the association of, at least, three main clinical features: typical sacral malformation (sickled-shape sacrum or total sacral agenesis below S2), hindgut anomalies and pre-sacral tumor. To date, neurological defects, as tethered cord and/or lipoma of the filum or the conus, are up lighted to be as a fourth major clinical sign.In half of cases, CS is ascribed to heterozygous mutations of the HLXB9 gene (or MNX1 gene, OMIM 142994) located at 7q36, with an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. The HLXB9 gene is involved in motoneurons and caudal development of the embryo. However, genetic heterogeneity is suspected, since patients without HLXB9 mutation harbour subtle phenotypic variations. Presently, no other locus has been identified. The pre-sacral tumor develops in almost 80% of CS. When it is a teratoma (30% of cases), it may turn into malignancy in 1 to 4 % of cases, according to literature. As far as we know, no clinical, molecular or pathological marker is operational to predict tumoral evolution and give any prognosis. Major aim of this study is to find out any correlation between clinical signs, constitutional and somatic genetic anomalies of HLXB9 gene and other candidate genes, and/or pathological features and tumoral evolution in CS. Evaluation of the pre-sacral tumor evolution is based on local recurrence or distance metastasis after surgical removal. Annual serum alpha-foeto-protein level monitoring is also performed, as the unique marker of teratoma.This study specifically required annual clinical examination and lumbar-sacral MRI imaging, three blood samples at inclusion and an annual blood sample.This multicentric study will last for at least 6 years. Eighty patients will be included and follow up for at least 3 years. Finally, this study may help identify a group of at-risk patients for tumor development and malignant transformation if pre-sacral teratoma. It will also help define objective clinical, radiological, molecular, pathological and/or biological criteria for long lasting survey. In general, it may also contribute to support hypothesis of close relationships between genes involve in oncogenesis and those involve in embryological development.