T-Cat Laser & Cross-linking for Keratoconus (T-Cat)
|Keratoconus Pellucid Marginal Degeneration||Procedure: Excimer laser ablation, and collagen cross-linking|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Pilot Study of Excimer Laser Topography-Computer Assisted Treatment (T-Cat) Combined With Corneal Collagen Cross-linking With Riboflavin and UV Light|
- The difference in the pre− and post−operative unaided visual acuity, best corrected visual acuity, and refraction. [ Time Frame: At six months ]
- Corneal topographic profile. [ Time Frame: At six months ]
|Study Start Date:||October 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Interventional study
Patients with known keratoconus or pellucid marginal degeneration will be invited to join the study. The study is partly a continuation in the management of patients who have had previous keratophakia, who will have near−normal or supra−physiological levels of corneal thickness. It is also intended for patients with relatively mild keratoconus who have sufficient corneal thickness to allow a limited laser ablation whilst still leaving a residual stromal bed of at least 350μ.
Procedure: Excimer laser ablation, and collagen cross-linking
Surgery is performed with topical anaesthesia. The central corneal epithelium is removed. Excimer laser ablation is applied (typically 15−30 seconds). Residual bed thickness is checked with an ultrasonic pachymeter. Topical application of riboflavin 0.1% in dextran is commenced at 5 minute intervals. When an adequate saturation of the anterior chamber with riboflavin has been achieved, cross−linking treatment will proceed. Output from the UV light generating equipment is measured with a UV light meter and set at 3mW/cm². Thirty minutes of treatment is given, interrupted at five minute intervals by the application of more topical riboflavin drops. Finally the eye has a bandage soft contact lens placed, with preservative free topical antibiotic, steroid, and cycloplegic drop application.
Corneal ectasia is a relative weakness in the structure of the cornea, which produces a progressive change in its shape with resultant visual distortion.
Excimer laser surface ablation can be used to re−shape the corneal profile. When the corneal shape is very irregular, corneal topography data gives the best information as to how to re−shape the cornea into a normal profile, and this Topography−Computer Assisted Treatment (T−Cat) will be used to modulate the surface corneal shape.
It is known that collagen cross−linking in the cornea occurs naturally with age, and in diabetes, both of which seem to prevent progressive ectasia. Corneal collagen cross−linking with riboflavin has been shown to stabilize the cornea in keratoconus, and prevents progression of the disease. If cross−linking is performed at that moment that the cornea has been re−shaped by T−Cat treatment, it should help prevent the corneal thinning resultant from the laser treatment from destabilising the cornea and causing progressive ectasia.
To determine whether excimer laser corneal surface ablation (T−Cat) can be safely combined with simultaneous corneal collagen cross−linking treatment to produce an improved and stable corneal profile.
Prospective, interventional trial.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00777322
|Moorfields Eye Department at St George's Hospital|
|London, United Kingdom, SW17 0QT|
|Principal Investigator:||Chad K Rostron, MB BS||Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust|