Randomized Trial for Mixed Acute Rejection

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
E. Steve Woodle, University of Cincinnati
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00771875
First received: October 14, 2008
Last updated: December 17, 2015
Last verified: December 2015
  Purpose
This study is being conducted to determine how safe and effective using an immune cell (b cell) depleting therapy and/or Thymoglobulin is in patients with a kidney transplant who are experiencing certain types of rejection.

Condition Intervention Phase
Graft Rejection
Drug: Rabbit Antithymocyte Globulin (RATG)
Drug: Rituximab
Drug: Bortezomib
Drug: Acetaminophen
Drug: Antihistamine
Drug: Methylprednisolone
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: B-Cell Targeted Therapy for Acute Renal Allograft Rejection With an Antibody Mediated Component: A Prospective, Randomized, Open-Label Study

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Cincinnati:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Patients in Each Group With Any of the Following: Rejection Reversal or Recurrent Rejection [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Rejection Reversal is a return of serum creatinine to within 115% of the baseline value, or histologic reversal occurring within 14 days of initiation of treatment.

    Recurrent Rejection is histologic evidence of rejection noted on a biopsy specimen obtained up to 3 months after documented rejection reversal.



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Patients With Allografts With C4d Focal Positive Pretreatment Biopsy [ Time Frame: Day 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Renal Allograft Survival [ Time Frame: 1 year after rejection treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Mean Serum Creatinine [ Time Frame: 7, 14, 28, 60, 90 days and 1 year post therapy initiation ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Renal allograft function as determined by change (∆) in Calculated creatinine clearance by Cockcroft-Gault at 7, 14, 28, 60, and 90 days and 1 year post therapy initiation

  • Incidence of Death [ Time Frame: 90 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Number of Patients With Allografts With C4d Diffuse Positive Pretreatment Biopsy [ Time Frame: 90 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Incidence of Post Transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder (PTLD) [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: September 2008
Study Completion Date: March 2013
Primary Completion Date: December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Rabbit Antithymocyte Globulin (RATG)
Rabbit Antithymocyte Globulin (RATG) All patients will receive RATG (Thymoglobulin) dosed based on CD3 count. Patients will be redosed when the cluster of differentiation 3 (CD3) count is ≥ 25. Depending on rejection severity, Thymoglobulin will be given for a maximum of 7-14 days. CD3 levels will be monitored daily. 1.5mg/kg/day over 6 hrs with 1st dose (D1) and over 4 hours for each dose thereafter. (day 1 then when CD3 levels > 25 cells/mm3); Patients will be premedicated with an antihistamine and acetaminophen prior to dosing per institution standard of care. Methylprednisolone 250 mg with 1st dose of Thymoglobulin. Methylprednisolone 125 mg on treatment day 2 subsequent corticosteroids per institution standard of care; following treatment, corticosteroid therapy will resume at the pre-rejection dose.
Drug: Rabbit Antithymocyte Globulin (RATG)
All patients will receive Thymoglobulin dosed based on CD3 count. Patients will be redosed when the CD3 count is ≥ 25. Depending on rejection severity, Thymoglobulin will be given for a maximum of 7-14 days. CD3 levels will be monitored daily.
Other Name: thymoglobulin
Drug: Rituximab
Rituximab dose of 375 mg/ m2 on day 2. Patients will be premedicated with an antihistamine and acetaminophen prior to dosing per institution standard of care.
Other Name: rituxan
Drug: Bortezomib
Patient will receive 1.3 mg/m2 via IV push over 3-5 seconds on days 2, 5, 9, and 12. Consolidation course of bortezomib will be dosed at 1.3 mg/m2 IVP X 4 doses administered on days 1, 4, 7 and 10.
Other Name: Velcade
Drug: Acetaminophen
Patients will be premedicated with acetaminophen prior to dosing per institution standard of care.
Other Name: Tylenol
Drug: Antihistamine
Patients will be premedicated with an antihistamine prior to dosing per institution standard of care.
Other Name: diphenhydramine
Drug: Methylprednisolone
Methylprednisolone 250 mg with 1st dose of Thymoglobulin. Methylprednisolone 125 mg on treatment day 2 subsequent corticosteroids per institution standard of care; following treatment, corticosteroid therapy will resume at the pre-rejection dose.
Other Name: Medrol
Experimental: RATG/Rituximab
Rabbit Antithymocyte Globulin (RATG) + Rituximab Subjects will be given 1.5mg/kg/day of RATG over 6 hrs with 1st dose (D1) and over 4 hours for each dose thereafter. (day 1 then when CD3 levels > 25 cells/mm3); Patients will be premedicated with an antihistamine and acetaminophen prior to dosing per institution standard of care. Rituximab dose of 375 mg/ m2 on day 2. Patients will be premedicated with an antihistamine and acetaminophen prior to dosing per institution standard of care. Methylprednisolone 250 mg with 1st dose of Thymoglobulin. Methylprednisolone 125 mg on treatment day 2 subsequent corticosteroids per institution standard of care; following treatment, corticosteroid therapy will resume at the pre-rejection dose.
Drug: Rituximab
Rituximab dose of 375 mg/ m2 on day 2. Patients will be premedicated with an antihistamine and acetaminophen prior to dosing per institution standard of care.
Other Name: rituxan
Drug: Acetaminophen
Patients will be premedicated with acetaminophen prior to dosing per institution standard of care.
Other Name: Tylenol
Drug: Antihistamine
Patients will be premedicated with an antihistamine prior to dosing per institution standard of care.
Other Name: diphenhydramine
Drug: Methylprednisolone
Methylprednisolone 250 mg with 1st dose of Thymoglobulin. Methylprednisolone 125 mg on treatment day 2 subsequent corticosteroids per institution standard of care; following treatment, corticosteroid therapy will resume at the pre-rejection dose.
Other Name: Medrol
Experimental: RATG/Bortezomib
Rabbit Antithymocyte Globulin (RATG) + Bortezomib -Subjects will be given 1.5mg/kg/day of RATG over 6 hrs with 1st dose (D1) and over 4 hours for each dose thereafter. (day 1 then when CD3 levels > 25 cells/mm3). Patients will be premedicated with an antihistamine and acetaminophen prior to dosing per institution standard of care. Bortezomib will be given at a dose of 1.3 mg/m2 via IV push over 3-5 seconds on days 2, 5, 9, and 12. Methylprednisolone will be administered prior to each bortezomib dose. On days 2 and 5, administer methylprednisolone 100 mg intravenous push (IVP). On days 9 and 12, administer methylprednisolone 50 mg intravenous push (IVP). If thymoglobulin is administered the same day as bortezomib, the order of administration is- methylprednisolone, then bortezomib, then thymoglobulin.
Drug: Bortezomib
Patient will receive 1.3 mg/m2 via IV push over 3-5 seconds on days 2, 5, 9, and 12. Consolidation course of bortezomib will be dosed at 1.3 mg/m2 IVP X 4 doses administered on days 1, 4, 7 and 10.
Other Name: Velcade
Drug: Acetaminophen
Patients will be premedicated with acetaminophen prior to dosing per institution standard of care.
Other Name: Tylenol
Drug: Antihistamine
Patients will be premedicated with an antihistamine prior to dosing per institution standard of care.
Other Name: diphenhydramine
Drug: Methylprednisolone
Methylprednisolone 250 mg with 1st dose of Thymoglobulin. Methylprednisolone 125 mg on treatment day 2 subsequent corticosteroids per institution standard of care; following treatment, corticosteroid therapy will resume at the pre-rejection dose.
Other Name: Medrol

Detailed Description:
The purpose of the study is to determine safety and efficacy of treatment if mixed (cellular and antibody) mediated acute rejection with addition of B-cell depleting therapy to Thymoglobulin in kidney and simultaneous kidney pancreas allograft recipients.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Each subject must meet all of the following inclusion criteria to be enrolled in the study:

  • Voluntary written informed consent before performance of any study-related procedure not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the subject at any time without prejudice to future medical care.
  • Female subject is either post-menopausal or surgically sterilized or willing to use two acceptable methods of birth control (i.e., a hormonal contraceptive, intra-uterine device, diaphragm with spermicide, condom with spermicide, or abstinence) for the duration of the study.
  • Male subject agrees to use an acceptable method for contraception for the duration of the study.
  • Subject is between 18 and 65 years of age, inclusive.
  • Subject has a transplant dysfunction indicated by an increase in creatinine of 0.3 mg/dL or 15% (lipase >3 X ULN for kidney/pancreas recipients) over baseline necessitating an allograft biopsy to assess for allograft rejection.
  • Presence of light microscopic histologic changes consistent with acute cellular rejection of a Banff 97 (2005 update) grade IA or greater and at least one of the following:
  • Donor-specific antibody (DSA) positive via Luminex
  • Presence of C4d in the peritubular capillaries or glomeruli
  • Subject must have no known contraindications to treatment with bortezomib, boron or mannitol, thymoglobulin, or rituximab.
  • Recipients of kidney or simultaneous kidney pancreas organ transplant.

Exclusion Criteria

Subjects meeting any of the following exclusion criteria are not to be enrolled in the study.

  • Subject has a platelet count < 100,000/mm3 within 7 days before enrollment.
  • Subject has an absolute neutrophil count of < 1,000/mm3 within 7 days before enrollment.
  • Subject has Grade 2 peripheral neuropathy within 14 days before enrollment.
  • Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment or has New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV heart failure (see section 8.4), uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities. Prior to study entry, any ECG abnormality at Screening has to be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant.
  • Subject has received other investigational drugs with 14 days before enrollment
  • Serious medical (other than renal disease) or psychiatric illness likely to interfere with participation in this clinical study.
  • Subjects that have previously received an organ transplant other than kidney or simultaneous kidney pancreas.
  • Subjects who are recipients of A-B-O incompatible transplants, all cytotoxicity (CDC) crossmatch positive transplants
  • Recipients of a simultaneous kidney pancreas transplant that only have pancreas rejection.
  • Subjects unable to tolerate a dose of mycophenolate mofetil 1-3g/day (or equivalent mycophenolic acid dose).
  • Subjects who are anti-HIV-positive, or HBsAg-positive. Anti-Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) positive patients are excluded, except patients with negative pathologic complete remission-result.
  • Recipients of a kidney from a donor who tests positive for HIV, HBsAg or anti-HCV
  • History of malignancy within the past 5 years that is not considered to be cured, with the exception of localized basal cell carcinoma of the skin (excised ≥ 2 years prior to randomization)
  • Subjects with current or recent severe systemic infections within the 2 weeks prior to randomization.
  • Receipt of a live vaccine within 4 weeks prior to study entry
  • Evidence of severe liver disease with abnormal liver profile (aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or total bilirubin > 3 times upper limit of normal (ULN)) at screening.
  • Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women.
  • EBV sero-mismatch (EBV + donor organ transplanted to EBV - recipient)
  • CMV sero-mismatch (CMV + donor organ transplanted to CMV - recipient)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00771875

Locations
United States, Ohio
The Christ Hospital
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45202
University of Cincinnati Medical Center
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45267
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Cincinnati
Investigators
Principal Investigator: E. Steve Woodle, MD University of Cincinnati
  More Information

Responsible Party: E. Steve Woodle, MD, FACS, University of Cincinnati
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00771875     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: X05273 
Study First Received: October 14, 2008
Results First Received: October 27, 2015
Last Updated: December 17, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Rituximab
Bortezomib
Methylprednisolone Hemisuccinate
Prednisolone
Antilymphocyte Serum
Acetaminophen
Diphenhydramine
Prednisolone acetate
Methylprednisolone acetate
Methylprednisolone
Prednisolone hemisuccinate
Prednisolone phosphate
Histamine H1 Antagonists
Histamine Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Antipyretics
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 25, 2016