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Parenteral Phenoxybenzamine During Congenital Heart Disease Surgery

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified October 2008 by Vanderbilt University.
Recruitment status was:  Not yet recruiting
Information provided by:
Vanderbilt University Identifier:
First received: October 9, 2008
Last updated: NA
Last verified: October 2008
History: No changes posted
Phenoxybenzamine, an irreversible alpha-adrenergic blocker, may prove beneficial to infants and children with congenital heart disease undergoing open cardiac repair, due to a theoretic benefits of a uniform and smooth reduction in systemic vascular resistance in the perioperative period. Vasodilation allows for low pressure, high flow systemic perfusion while on cardiopulmonary bypass. Support for the use of phenoxybenzamine in humans has been documented in several studies involving the perioperative management of both adults and children requiring cardiopulmonary bypass, and in management of patients with pheochromocytoma. 1-7 Phenoxybenzamine has been associated with more uniform body cooling and rewarming, and improved tissue perfusion during bypass.8 It is also known to increase cardiac output, stroke volume, and renal blood flow when given intravenously. 9 Specifically in pediatric open heart surgery, the combined use of phenoxybenzamine and dopamine provided a stable hemodynamic condition without a high total peripheral vascular resistance and stimulated postoperative diuresis. 9 Afterload reduction with parenteral phenoxybenzamine in neonates undergoing the Norwood procedure for hypoplastic left heart syndrome is associated with improved systemic oxygen delivery and stabilization of systemic vascular resistance.10 Furthermore, a strategy of reducing afterload with phenoxybenzamine and stabilizing the pulmonary to systemic flow ratio in this select population of patients has also been shown to improve operative survival. 11 We hypothesize that phenoxybenzamine will reduce afterload on the systemic ventricle in our selected patient population, thereby improving ventricular performance and decreasing the risks of pulmonary to systemic flow imbalance associated with current short-acting vasodilator therapy. We will plan to evaluate both physiologic variables as well as surgical outcomes in the selected study population.

Condition Intervention Phase
Congenital Heart Disease
Drug: Phenoxybenzamine
Other: Standard surgical approach
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Parenteral Phenoxybenzamine During Congenital Heart Disease Surgery

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Vanderbilt University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Our hypothesis is that the use of phenoxybenzamine in this select population will reduce initial postoperative lactate levels by a clinically-relevant level of 25%, relative to historical controls. [ Time Frame: To discharge ]

Estimated Enrollment: 62
Study Start Date: October 2008
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Group receiving phenoxybenzamine
Drug: Phenoxybenzamine
The drug will be administered in the operating room. After induction of anesthesia and the pIacement of appropriate cardiovascular monitoring lines, an initial loading dose of 0.25 mg/kg will be administered intravenously immediately prior to cardiopulmonary bypass.For up to 72 hours postoperatively, 0.25 mg/kg/day will be administered Based on published pharmacokinetic data these doses should block 90 -95% of alpha-peripheral receptors with a half life of 24 - 36 hours for regeneration.
Historical control
Other: Standard surgical approach
Historical controls

  Show Detailed Description


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 6 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Patient selection will be determined by an assessment of the risk of systemic ventricular dysfunction following open cardiac repair in a population of infants undergoing stage I palliation (Norwood procedure) for the diagnosis of either hypoplastic left heart syndrome or similar left-sided obstructive lesions in the setting of single-ventricle physiology. Eligible neonates and infants include those aged 0 days to 6 months. These patients will be evaluated on an individual basis and the decision to give phenoxybenzamine would be determined by the attending surgeon, anesthesiologist, and cardiologist.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00770705

United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt Children's Hospital Not yet recruiting
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
Contact: Andrew H Smith, MD, MSCI    615-936-1305   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Vanderbilt University
Principal Investigator: David P Bichell, MD Vanderbilt Children's Hospital
  More Information

Responsible Party: David P. Bichell MD/Principal Investigator, Vanderbilt Children's Hospital Identifier: NCT00770705     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB#071183
Study First Received: October 9, 2008
Last Updated: October 9, 2008

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Heart Diseases
Heart Defects, Congenital
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Abnormalities
Congenital Abnormalities
Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists
Adrenergic Antagonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antihypertensive Agents
Vasodilator Agents processed this record on March 24, 2017