Assessing Dynamic Magnetic Resonance (MR) Imaging in Patients With Recurrent High Grade Glioma Receiving Chemotherapy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00769093
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Inadequate enrollment)
First Posted : October 8, 2008
Last Update Posted : April 21, 2017
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
AMAG Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Edward Neuwelt, OHSU Knight Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to learn more about imaging changes induced by a new therapeutic agent, bevacizumab with the standard steroid, dexamethasone in patients with high grade glioma. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) will be used to evaluate the difference between the 2 treatments. The usual contrast agent (gadolinium) and an iron containing contrast agent called "ferumoxytol" may help us to evaluate the differences between bevacizumab and dexamethasone effects on imaging of a brain tumor called high grade glioma. For this purpose, after intravenous contrast agent injection, special MR scans (called: dynamic perfusion, blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability measurement) will be performed to see the microvascular changes in the brain and tumor.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Brain Neoplasms Drug: Ferumoxytol Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Adult patients (>18 years old) with recurrent high grade glioma (confirmed by radiology and tissue sample), who have progressed on prior temozolomide + radiation therapy, will be recruited from the neurology, neurosurgery, or neuro-oncology clinics. Patients will be enrolled if they meet the study inclusion and exclusion criteria

Patients will be scanned at four different time-points (4 MRI series) (1) before the beginning of the treatment (base line), (2) Three weeks after the first treatment, (3) Three weeks after the second treatment, and (4) at time of progression of the disease. Each MRI time-point will consist of a series of MRI's on three consecutive days. On the first day, gadolinium (0.1 mmol/kg) will be injected for the MRI scan. On the following day ferumoxytol (2 mg/kg) and on the third day, the MRI scan will be done without additional contrast agent, to see the delayed contrast enhancement of ferumoxytol.

Subjects will be on treatment including a chemotherapeutic agent called carboplatin combined with either bevacizumab or dexamethasone; 6 patients will receive carboplatin-bevacizumab, followed by carboplatin-dexamethasone, another 6 patients will receive carboplatin- dexamethasone, followed by carboplatin-bevacizumab. After the 3rd time-point, all the patients will continue on carboplatin-bevacizumab treatment (which is currently not an FDA approved combination for brain tumors, however it is widely used throughout the country).There will be monthly clinical visits with clinical MRI until progression of the disease. There will be a follow up visit, 1 month after the last ferumoxytol injection.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 6 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Pilot Study to Compare Dynamic MR Imaging Changes in Patients With Recurrent High Grade Glioma, Receiving an Antiangiogenic Drug, Bevacizumab, Versus Dexamethasone. Dual Agent MR Imaging Study, Using Gadolinium and Ferumoxytol (Code 7228)
Study Start Date : October 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Ferumoxytol

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Group 1
Both groups will receive an intravenous chemotherapeutic drug (carboplatin). The first study group (n=6) will receive bevacizumab, the antiangiogenic agent for three weeks, then dexamethasone for three weeks.
Drug: Ferumoxytol
2 mg/kg
Other Name: AMAG Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Code 7228

Active Comparator: Group 2
Both groups will receive an intravenous chemotherapeutic drug (carboplatin). The second study group (n=6) will receive dexamethasone for 3 weeks, then switch to bevacizumab, the antiangiogenic agent, for 3 weeks.
Drug: Ferumoxytol
2 mg/kg
Other Name: AMAG Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Code 7228

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The primary objective of this project is to describe quantitative imaging changes of brain tumor vascularity after anti-angiogenic therapy versus steroid therapy. This objective will be accomplished with the following aims and associated hypotheses. [ Time Frame: 15 weeks ]
  2. To describe changes of quantitative blood brain barrier permeability measurements (Ktrans) of a standard gadolinium (Gd) MRI contrast between bevacizumab anti-angiogenic therapy and dexamethasone. [ Time Frame: 15 weeks ]
  3. To describe relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) changes obtained using ferumoxytol an iron oxide nanoparticle blood pool agent. [ Time Frame: 15 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To assess vascular dynamic parameters (rCBV and Ktrans) values at progression. [ Time Frame: at progression ]
  2. To describe the changes of the vascular dynamic parameters (rCBV, Ktrans) with the changes of standard gadolinium enhancing tumor volume [ Time Frame: 15 weeks ]
  3. To describe post contrast tumor volume (enhancement) of gadolinium and ferumoxytol. [ Time Frame: 15 weeks ]

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signed Informed Consent Form
  • Age equal or greater than 18 years
  • Histologically confirmed high grade glioma
  • Radiographic demonstration of disease progression following prior therapy of temozolomide + radiation
  • Patient scheduled for bevacizumab + standard IV chemotherapy therapy
  • Bi-dimensionally measurable disease on gadolinium enhanced T1 weighted MR scans
  • An interval of at least 4 weeks since prior surgical resection
  • Patients corticosteroid dose must be 4 mg per day or less.
  • Karnofsky performance status greater than or equal to 50
  • Life expectancy greater than 12 weeks
  • Ability to comply with study and follow-up procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or nursing females
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Known liver function insufficiency, stage IV or V renal insufficiency
  • Disease and Treatment History: Prior treatment with bevacizumab, or another vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) or VEGFR-targeted agent; Need for urgent palliative intervention for primary disease (e.g., impending herniation
  • Bevacizumab Exclusion Criteria: History of hypertensive encephalopathy; New York Heart Association (NYHA) Grade II or greater congestive heart failure (CHF); History of myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months prior to start of the study; History of stroke or transient ischemic attack within 6 months prior to study enrollment; Significant vascular disease (e.g., aortic aneurysm, aortic dissection) or recent peripheral arterial thrombosis within 6 months prior to start of the study; Evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy; on therapeutic anti-coagulants.
  • Subjects unable to undergo an MRI with contrast
  • Ferumoxytol Exclusion Criteria: History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to ferumoxytol: parenteral iron, parenteral dextran, parenteral iron-dextran, or parenteral iron-polysaccharide preparations (Ferumoxytol Investigator's Drug Brochure, 2005). Patients with significant drug or other allergies or autoimmune diseases may be enrolled at the Investigator's discretion
  • Subjects with known or suspected iron overload (genetic hemochromatosis or history of multiple transfusions).Patients with transferrin saturation greater than 60%
  • Inability or unwillingness to undergo the complete series of imaging sessions. Inability or unwillingness to return to the neuro-oncology clinic at Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU) for the one month follow-up

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00769093

United States, Oregon
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97239
Sponsors and Collaborators
OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
AMAG Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Principal Investigator: Edward A Neuwelt, MD Oregon Health and Science University

Responsible Party: Edward Neuwelt, Professor, OHSU Knight Cancer Institute Identifier: NCT00769093     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB00003678
26XS293 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: NCI SAIC-Frederick Contract )
3678 ( Other Identifier: OHSU eIRB )
SOL-07083-LX ( Other Identifier: OHSU Knight Cancer Institute )
OHSU-3678 ( Other Identifier: OHSU IRB )
First Posted: October 8, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 21, 2017
Last Verified: April 2017

Keywords provided by Edward Neuwelt, OHSU Knight Cancer Institute:
diagnostic imaging

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Ferrosoferric Oxide
Brain Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Dexamethasone acetate
BB 1101
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances