A Study to Evaluate the Pharmacokinetics of VI-0521 Subjects With Renal Impairment

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00768404
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 8, 2008
Last Update Posted : December 1, 2009
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Brief Summary:
VI-0521, a fixed dose combination of immediate-release (IR) phentermine and controlled-release (CR) topiramate, is in Phase III clinical development as a potential therapy for obesity. In human, both phentermine and topiramate are primarily cleared by renal excretion. The contribution of hepatic metabolism to elimination of phentermine and topiramate is not significant. Obese patients, the proposed indicated population for future treatment with VI-0521, are likely to have renal impairment. Therefore, this study is important in understanding the effect of renal impairment on the pharmacokinetics of topiramate and phentermine in subjects with renal impairment compared to subjects with normal renal function.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Renal Impairment Drug: Topirmate and Phentermine Phase 1

Detailed Description:
This open-label, parallel-group, single dose, non-randomized study will be conducted at multiple sites in the United States in which up to 40 male and female subjects, 19-75 years of age (inclusive), with varying degrees of renal function may be enrolled and dosed to obtain at least 32 evaluable subjects (4 groups, 8 subjects per group). Subjects will report to the study site on the evening before treatment and will remain at the site until the 48-hour PK sample has been drawn (approximately 3 days). All subjects will be fasted overnight for a minimum of 8 hours before drug treatment in the morning. A single oral dose of the combination product VI-0521 (15 mg phentermine and 92 mg topiramate) will be administered with 240 mL of water at hour 0. Standard meals will be provided uniformly to all subjects at approximately 4 and 9 hours after dosing, and an evening snack will be provided approximately 12 - 13 hours after dosing. Blood samples for the determination of phentermine and topiramate concentrations in plasma will be collected at 0 (pre-dose), 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 16, 24, 36 and 48 hours post dosing. Subjects will be released from the study site following the 48-hour sample but will return to the site for PK sampling at 72, 96, 120, 144, 168 and 192 hours post dose. The severe renal impairment group will be given the option to stay at the site for the duration of the study.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 32 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I, Open-Label, Parallel-Group, Single Dose, Non-Randomized Study To Compare The Pharmacokinetics Of Each Individual Component (Topiramate And Phentermine) Of The Combination Product VI-0521 In Subjects With Mild, Moderate And Severe Renal Impairment To Subjects With Normal Renal Function
Study Start Date : October 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: A Drug: Topirmate and Phentermine
A single oral dose of the combination product VI-0521 (15 mg phentermine and 92 mg topiramate) will be administered with 240 mL of water at hour 0.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pharmacokinetics [ Time Frame: 9 days ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

Group 1 will consist of 8-10 males or females with normal renal function, 19-75 years of age, inclusive.

Groups 2-4 will consist of 8-10 males or females per group with varying degree of stable renal impairment

Exclusion Criteria:

A history or presence of significant cardiovascular, neurological, hematological, psychiatric, hepatic, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, endocrine, immunologic or renal disease or other condition known to interfere with the absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion of drugs or place the subjects at increased risk as determined by the investigator; any history of glaucoma, increased intraocular pressure, or medications to treat increased intraocular pressure; presence of cholelithiasis or cholecystitis within the last 6 months that has not been surgically treated with cholecystectomy; any history of a cardiovascular or cerebrovascular event; subjects requiring dialysis; any active malignancy except basal cell carcinoma; systolic blood pressure > 180 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure > 100 mm Hg at screening or at check-in (2 rechecks are allowed); Hemoglobin <12.0 g/dL for Group 1 (patients with normal renal function); Hemoglobin <. 9.0 g/dL for Groups 2, 3 and 4 (patients with mild to severe renal function) positive drug/alcohol test at screening or check in; blood donation or significant blood loss within 56 days of dosing; plasma donation within 7 days of dosing. In female subjects, a positive pregnancy test at screening or check-in is exclusionary

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00768404

United States, California
Advanced Clinical Research Institute
Anaheim, California, United States, 92801
United States, Florida
Clinical Pharmacology of Miami
Miami, Florida, United States, 33014-3616
Orlando Clinical Research Center
Orlando, Florida, United States, 32809-3017
United States, Minnesota
DaVita Clinical Research
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55404
Sponsors and Collaborators
Study Director: Shiyin Yee, PhD VIVUS, Inc.

Responsible Party: Wesley Day, VP Clinical, Vivus, Inc. Identifier: NCT00768404     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: OB-106
First Posted: October 8, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 1, 2009
Last Verified: November 2009

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Renal Insufficiency
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Neuroprotective Agents
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Obesity Agents
Central Nervous System Stimulants
Appetite Depressants
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action