Early Cardiac Computed Tomography (CT) In Patients Admitted With Acute Chest Pain (EXACCT)
Recruitment status was: Not yet recruiting
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||The Role of Early X-Ray Cardiac Computed Tomography in Patients Admitted With Acute Chest Pain|
- Length of hospital admission [ Time Frame: At the end of initial hospital admission ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- NHS costs and cost-effectiveness over a one-year period [ Time Frame: One year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Patient quality of life at 1, 6 and 12 months after admission [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Patient anxiety about symptoms 1, 6 and 12 months after admission [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- The incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) over a one year period. [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2009|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2011|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Cardiac Computed Tomography (CCT)
Patients randomised to the CCT arm will undergo 128-channel cardiac computed tomography with delayed acquisition. CCT will be available Monday to Friday from 9am until 5pm. Patients will be entered into the study provided CCT can be undertaken within 24 hours of troponin result. Therefore, the only period during which a patient will be ineligible for inclusion will be between 5pm on a Friday and 9am the following Sunday. Studies will be reported at CWH by one of 2 experienced radiologists trained in CCT and results passed to the referring team on the same day.
Radiation: Cardiac Computed Tomography
Patients randomised to the CCT arm will undergo 128-channel cardiac computed tomography with delayed acquisition. Patients will receive beta-blockade if necessary prior to the scan to achieve a heart rate of less than 70/min. An unenhanced scan will be performed in all patients to assess coronary artery calcium score. Patients will then undergo contrast enhanced CCT. After a bolus tracking acquisition, injection of 120mls iodinated contrast at 5ml/s will be followed by 40ml normal saline/contrast (in 50:50 proportion), also at 5ml/s. Imaging will be performed with a gated cardiac CT protocol. Where possible (stable rhythm and heart rate <70bpm) a low dose technique will be utilised. When not possible a retrospective gating method will be employed. In the latter case the ECG will be used to assign the images to their respective phases of the cardiac cycle. 10 minutes after contrast injection, a second prospectively gated scan will be acquired to assess myocardial enhancement patterns.
Active Comparator: Standard Care Arm
Patients randomised to the standard care arm will undergo further care as dictated by the responsible clinician. Except for CCT, all standard investigations will be available to the responsible clinician and may be used at their discretion. CCT does not form part of current in-patient management at our hospital.
Other: Standard care
Further investigations as decided by the patient's clinical team, according to best normal practice. These may include some or all of: further blood tests, exercise stress testing and myocardial perfusion scintigraphy. These may be conducted either during the initial hospital admission, or subsequently as an outpatient.
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) kills more people in the UK than any other condition, and causes symptoms of angina (chest pain) in many more. Acute chest pain accounts for approximately 600,000 NHS admissions per annum, but this includes many other types of chest pain not due to heart problems. Examination, blood tests and an electrocardiogram (ECG) are used to try and decide the cause of chest pain.
Many patients have a low risk of CAD and can be discharged without further investigation. Others are at high risk of CAD and must have further tests such as invasive coronary angiography. Unfortunately in many patients the initial tests are equivocal and they are felt to have an intermediate probability of CAD. Investigation of symptoms in this group may take place in the in-patient setting, warranting a hospital stay of several days, or alternatively some investigations may be performed as an out-patient with subsequent time spent on waiting lists. This results in extensive use of NHS resources and anxiety for the patients whilst awaiting diagnosis, often needlessly as approximately half of patients admitted with acute chest pain are eventually discharged without a cardiac cause found.
The new technique of cardiac computed tomography (CCT) offers rapid non-invasive diagnosis of CAD. If disease is detected further investigations can be planned; when excluded, patients may be safely discharged. Detection of clinically insignificant disease will initiate primary preventative strategies but excludes CAD as the cause of acute symptoms. We will randomise 250 patients presenting to Chelsea and Westminster Hospital with acute chest pain who have intermediate likelihood of CAD to early CCT or current standard practice. We hypothesise that, when compared to standard practice, early CCT will reduce admission length, reduce NHS and other costs and improve quality of life without an increase in adverse events.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00767065
|Chelsea and Westminster Hospital|
|London, United Kingdom, SW10 9NH|
|Principal Investigator:||Simon Padley, MB BS BSc FRCP FRCR||Chelsea and Westminster NHS Foundation Trust|