Effects of Paliperidone in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating disorder and treatment response to pharmacological interventions has been modest for these patients. Chronic elevated anxiety and associated psychophysiological parameters including increased heart rate and alterations in skin conductance are key symptoms of chronic PTSD. Antidepressants, including selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) or norepinephrine-serotonin re-uptake inhibitors are considered treatment of first choice for these patients, however a substantial portion of patients do not respond sufficiently (Zhang and Davidson 2007). Therefore, there is a need to establish novel and effective add-on treatment strategies for these patients. Recently, atypical neuroleptics have received considerable attention since it was shown in multiple controlled and naturalistic trials that these medications are an effective treatment option for patients with PTSD (Davis et al 2006). In chronic PTSD, the psychophysiological responses at baseline and in response to treatment have yet been inadequately studied and may provide novel insight into antidepressant and anxiolytic mechanisms of medications used in the treatment of PTSD. Therefore, in addition to evaluating the antidepressant and anxiolytic effects of paliperidone, a novel atypical neuroleptic, in the treatment of PTSD, we also aim to compare neurophysiological responses at baseline with post-treatment effects in antidepressant-refractory PTSD patients.
Primary Aim 1: Evaluate the anxiolytic and antidepressant effects of paliperidone in patients with PTSD.
Secondary Aim 2: Evaluate the effects of paliperidone on fear conditioned psychophysiological responses (including startle eyeblink, skin conductance, and cardiovascular inter-beat interval) at baseline and after 6 weeks of naturalistic treatment in chronic PTSD patients.
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Effects of Paliperidone in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)|
- Behavioral ratings (e.g. MADRS, HAMA, CGI) and psychophysiological measures. Neurophysiological measurements of startle eyeblink, skin conductance, and cardiovascular inter-beat interval will be done. [ Time Frame: behavioral ratings: weekly; Neurophysiological measurements will be done at baseline, before initiation of treatment with paliperidone (baseline) and after 6 weeks of paliperidone treatment. ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Paliperidone Dosing
Paliperidone Dosing up to 6 weeks, with a maximum dosage of 6mg
Paliperidone will be gradually increased to a final dose between 3 - 6 mg/day according to the following schedule:
Weeks 1 - 3: 3 mg daily, Weeks 4 - 5: flexible dosing according clinical situation, dose range between 3 mg - 6 mg daily*, Week 6: fixed dose,
*Criteria to increase the dose from 3 mg to 6 mg daily are 1] absence of any side effects, 2] patients not showing a sufficient response to 3 mg paliperidone can be increased to 6 mg daily. Response is defined as change in depression and anxiety ratings of at least 30% compared to baseline.
Other Name: Invega
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00766064
|United States, Connecticut|
|VA Connecticut Healthcare System|
|West Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06516|
|Principal Investigator:||Alexander Neumeister, MD||Yale University|