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Education Program for Family Caregivers

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00764647
First Posted: October 2, 2008
Last Update Posted: July 7, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Barbara Nunley, PhD, CAMC Health System
  Purpose
The purpose of this evaluation was to determine the effectiveness of an educational program designed to assist family caregivers to learn the knowledge and skills to take better care of their frail elder relatives and themselves.

Condition Intervention
Stress Behavioral: Education program for family caregivers of frail elders

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Evaluation of Education Program for Family Caregivers of Frail Elders

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Barbara Nunley, PhD, CAMC Health System:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Hardiness (change over time) [ Time Frame: pre-intervention, immediate post-intervention, six-month post-intervention, and twelve-month post intervention ]
    Hardiness was measured using the Psychological Hardiness Scale, a 40 item scale (Younkin & Betz, 1996). Responses for each item were obtained on a 5-point Likert continuum from "Strongly Disagree" (1) to Strongly Agree (5).


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Knowledge of Caregiving (change over time) [ Time Frame: pre-intervention, immediate post-intervention, six-month post-intervention, and twelve-month post intervention ]
    Knowledge about caregiving was operationalized by total score on a content-specific test (17 items) for the family caregivers' educational program that measured knowledge and behaviors. True/false answers were given to items.

  • Quality of Life (change over time) [ Time Frame: pre-intervention, immediate post-intervention, six-month post-intervention, and twelve-month post intervention ]
    Quality of life measured using a Cantril (1965) ladder scale. The participants viewed a picture of a ladder with nine rungs, with the top rung labeled "best possible life" (9) and the bottom rung labeled "worst possible life (0).

  • Physical and Mental Health (change over time) [ Time Frame: pre-intervention, immediate post-intervention, six-month post-intervention, and twelve-month post intervention ]
    The SF-36v2 Health Survey (Ware & Sherboume, 1992), a 36-item self-report scale was used to measure the caregiver's view of their health.

  • Depressive Symptomatology (change over time) [ Time Frame: pre-intervention, immediate post-intervention, six-month post-intervention, and twelve-month post intervention ]
    The Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D; Radloff, 1977), a 20 item self report scale, was used to measure depressive symptomatology. Participants rated how frequently each symptom occurred during the past week on a scale ranging from rarely or none of the time (0) to most or all of the time (3).

  • Caregiver Burden (change over time) [ Time Frame: pre-intervention, immediate post-intervention, six-month post-intervention, and twelve-month post intervention ]
    The Caregiver Burden Inventory (CBI), developed by Novak and Guest (1989), a 24-item multidimensional measure was used to measure caregiver burden. This inventory includes five factors: Time-dependence burden, Developmental burden, physical burden, Social burden, and Emotional burden.

  • Coping (change over time) [ Time Frame: pre-intervention, immediate post-intervention, six-month post-intervention, and twelve-month post intervention ]
    The Jalowiec Coping Scale (JCS) (Jalowiec, Murphy, & Powers, 1984) was used to measure coping mechanisms. There are 60 items classified into 8 different coping styles: confrontive, evasive, optimistic, fatalistic, emotive, palliative, supportant, and self-reliant.


Enrollment: 42
Actual Study Start Date: March 2006
Study Completion Date: January 2017
Primary Completion Date: September 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Single arm
Education program for family caregivers of frail elders.
Behavioral: Education program for family caregivers of frail elders
Family caregiver participants in the educational program will receive an educational course presented by the investigator that focuses on the care of the frail elder and themselves. The course will involve four to five consecutive weekly sessions, each 2 1/2 to 3 hours long. The educational program will be offered biannually, spring and fall seasons.

Detailed Description:
Spouses, children, and other family members typically care for frail elderly persons. These family caregivers attempt to provide care for their relative in the home, despite the potential for excessive stress to themselves. This care may extend over many years, involving unrelenting management of their relative, which puts the caregiver at risk for the development of physical and mental health consequences. The stress of caring for a frail elder may result in the institutionalization of the care receiver due to declining health or abilities in the caregiver as caregivers frequently continue to provide care at the expense of their own health. The goal of the education program is to fill an important need, that is, assist caregivers to become empowered, hardier, and have the ability to cope with the stress associated with caregiving. The aim is to investigate whether this educational intervention improves selected outcomes for family caregivers of frail elders. The selected outcomes are knowledge of caregiving, hardiness, quality of life, physical health, depressive symptoms, burden, and coping.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 18 years of age and older
  • family member participating in care of a frail elder (60 years and older)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • unable to speak or read English (materials are written in English)
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00764647


Locations
United States, West Virginia
West Virginia University Robert C. Byrd Health Sciences Center, Charleston Division
Charleston, West Virginia, United States, 25304
Sponsors and Collaborators
CAMC Health System
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Barbara L Nunley, PhD, RN West Virginia University School of Nursing
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Barbara Nunley, PhD, Associate Professor Faculty Emerita, West Virginia University School of Nursing., CAMC Health System
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00764647     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 06-02-1779
First Submitted: October 1, 2008
First Posted: October 2, 2008
Last Update Posted: July 7, 2017
Last Verified: July 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Barbara Nunley, PhD, CAMC Health System:
family caregivers
caregiver education
caregiver burden
caregiver hardiness
caregiver depressive symptoms