Ghrelin in Cystic Fibrosis (ghrelin)
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
Background to ghrelin Ghrelin is a naturally occurring hormone found in the blood which stimulates appetite. In healthy individuals, levels of ghrelin are high before a meal and falls afterwards. Previous studies have shown that giving ghrelin (by injection) to thin patients with renal failure and cancer increases their food intake. Furthermore, addition of ghrelin may also reduce inflammation within the body. Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disease which frequently results in recurrent lung infections (leading to progressive inflammatory lung damage) and low body weight. Low body weight in CF is associated with increased lung infections, rapidly worsening lung function and a shortened life expectancy.
The researchers postulate that administration of extra ghrelin to CF patients with low body weight may increase food intake and reduce lung inflammation. If successful, this study might identify ghrelin as a potential therapy for CF patients to improve nutrition, decrease lung inflammation and thereby improve survival.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
|Official Title:||The Effect of Ghrelin on Appetite and Immune Function in Patients With Cystic Fibrosis|
- Appetite [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
- weight [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
|Study Start Date:||April 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||April 2011|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||February 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Placebo Comparator: saline injections||
The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of a naturally occuring hormone called ghrelin on appetite, energy expenditure and immune function in patients with cystic fibrosis.
Despite advances in the molecular understanding of the disease, life−expectancy in Cystic Fibrosis (CF) remains severely limited. Reduced body−weight is associated with increased inflammatory lung damage and is a major predictor of mortality in CF patients. Malnutrition is highly prevalent in the CF population and results from both poor food intake and excessive energy expenditure. A therapy which improves nutrition may therefore have a significant effect on the prognosis of this disease. Ghrelin is the only physiological circulating factor that is known to increase food intake. Administration of acylated ghrelin to humans increases both hunger and food intake and has been found to increase appetite in chronic disease states associated with anorexia and weight loss (such as cancer and chronic renal disease). From multiple animal and in vitro human studies, ghrelin also appears to have anti−inflammatory properties which would potentially benefit CF patients in whom a chronic inflammatory state promotes lung destruction, malnutrition and increases mortality. Ghrelin replacement may therefore improve nutrition and decrease the inflammatory burden in CF patients, leading to an improvement in life−expectancy. If ghrelin is identified as having an important pathophysiological role in CF it may lead to a future study of its efficacy as a therapeutic agent.
Design Methodology: The study has three sections:
- a cross sectional study of the levels of blood metabolic signals in participants with cystic fibrosis and healthy controls.
- a laboratory study of the effect of ghrelin on immune cells extracted from the blood of participants with cystic fibrosis and healthy controls
- a cross−over interventional study of repeated ghrelin administration in malnourished cystic fibrosis patients
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00763477
|Papworth Hospital NHs Foundation Trust|
|Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom, CB23 3RE|