Copeptin in the Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis of Diabetes Insipidus. The CoSIP-Study
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Copeptin in the Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis of Diabetes Insipidus. The CoSIP-Study|
- Diagnosis of diabetes insipidus(DI) centralis versus psychogenic DI [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
Biospecimen Retention: Samples Without DNA
|Study Start Date:||June 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
All patients > 18 years who are tested for the diagnosis of DI because of a history of polyuria (> 40 ml/kg per 24 hours) in the presence of polydipsia Patients with known DI will be contacted whether they agree to participate in the study and to undergo again a water deprivation test to measure copeptin to confirm the diagnosis.
The investigators hypothesize that basal copeptin levels can reliably differentiate between the 5 groups(central, nephrogenic, psychogenic and partial forms) with a sensitivity and specificity >80%.
Plasma arginine vasopressin (AVP) measurement is recommended for the differential diagnosis of diabetes insipidus and polydipsia. However, AVP measurement is cumbersome. AVP is derived from a larger precursor peptide along with copeptin, which is a more stable peptide directly mirroring the production of AVP. Copeptin can be assayed readily in plasma.
Aim: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of copeptin levels in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of diabetes insipidus.
Design: Prospective, observational multicenter study.
Setting: Department of Endocrinology, University Hospital of Basel
Patients: Patients with suspected or known central (complete or partial), nephrogenic (complete or partial) or psychogenic diabetes insipidus undergoing a standardized water deprivation test.
Intervention: All patients with suspected or known diabetes insipidus will undergo an overnight water deprivation test and a standardized water deprivation test, as routinely performed in the diagnostic evaluation of diabetes insipidus. Plasma AVP and copeptin will be measured at baseline (8 am before start of thirsting), and hourly during the water deprivation test.
Study hypothesis: Copeptin levels will provide a better diagnostic accuracy in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of diabetes insipidus as compared to AVP measurement.
Analysis: We will study 5 groups of patients: A) Patients with complete central diabetes insipidus, B) Patients with partial central diabetes insipidus, C) Patients with complete nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, D) Patients with partial nephrogenic diabetes insipidus and E) Patients with psychogenic diabetes insipidus. All groups will consist of 10 patients based on the following assumptions: Based on pilot studies we assume that patients in group A) will have copeptin values of 2.5 ± 1.0; Group B) 3.0 ± 1.0, Group C) 15.0 ± 5; Group D) 6 ± 2.0 and Group E) 4.0 ± 1.0 pmol/L. This results in a power of 90% to detect a difference in copeptin levels of 0.8pmol/L between the closest two groups, i.e. patients with partial central Diabetes insipidus and patients with psychogenic Diabetes insipidus.
Significance: The measurement of copeptin will allow a better discrimination of patients with diabetes insipidus, especially for the discrimination of partial central and nephrogenic and psychogenic diabetes insipidus.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00757276
|University Hospital Basel|
|Basel, Switzerland, 4031|
|Principal Investigator:||Mirjam Christ-Crain, Prof. Dr. med.||University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland|