Molecular Studies on the Candidate Genes of Dopaminergic and Noradrenergic Systems in ADHD
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Family-Based|
|Official Title:||Molecular Studies on the Candidate Genes of Dopaminergic and Noradrenergic Systems in Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder|
|Study Start Date:||August 2008|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||July 2011|
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), characterized by inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity, is an early onset, highly heritable, clinically heterogeneous, long-term impairing disorder with tremendous impact on individuals, families, and societies. It affects 5-10% of school-aged children worldwide (7.5% in Taiwan) and 2-4% of adults. Neuropsychological deficits related to executive functions, state regulation, and delay aversion show heritability, replicated association with ADHD, and familial-genetic overlap with ADHD, are suitable for biomarkers for ADHD. Despite the abundance of molecular genetic studies on ADHD, the genetic etiologies of ADHD have been non-conclusive, and there is limited information about the expressions, neuropsychological deficits, and genetic variants for ADHD in Chinese population. This present study, a family-based parental control association study, aims to identify the genetic markers of dopaminergic and noradrenergic systems for ADHD using the dichotomous categorization of affected and non-affected, quantitative phenotypes (symptom dimension and severity of ADHD) and endophenotype (neuropsychological measures) as well.
- to determine the components of ADHD and neuropsychological deficits with the greatest familial recurrence risks;
- to replicate studies with positive genetic findings from literature by performing candidate gene analysis such as DRD4, DRD2, DRD5, DAT1, DBH, ADRA2C, ADRA1C, and SLC6A2;
- to identify the potential genetic variants using haplotype tagSNPs for the following candidate genes, MAO-A and ADRA2A and any updated genetic findings.
In addition to a sample of 200 ADHD families (200 probands, 400 parents, and 150 siblings) being recruited in a parallel study (NSC96-2628-B-002-069 -MY3), we will recruit another 100 probands with ADHD, aged 7-18, and their parents (n = 200) and siblings (n= 75) in this project. The phenotype measures include (1) interviews for psychopathology (K-SADS-E) and social functioning (SAICA), (2) self-administered questionnaires to measures ADHD symptoms (SNAP-IV and Adult ADHD rating scale) and comorbid conditions (ASRI and CBCL), and (3) Neuropsychological tests: WISC-III, CPT, CANTAB, and Time Perception Tasks. The DNA will be collected and analyzed. The transmission/disequilibrium test (TDT) and quantitative TDT will be used in data analysis.
We anticipate the establishment of clinical, neuropsychological, and genetic database of 300 ADHD families (200 in NSC96-2628-B-002-069-MY3 and 100 in this project), completion of the screening of several candidate genes, and identification of potential genetic variants for ADHD, and determination of their association with ADHD diagnosis and symptoms and its endophenotype in a Taiwanese sample. The long-term objectives are to identify the behavioral phenotypes and endophenotypes that are close to the biological expression of genes underlying ADHD. The findings of different approaches to identify the genetic etiologies for ADHD in this pilot study should help us to determine the most promising approach for future molecular genetic and pharmacogenetic study on ADHD.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00756158
|National Taiwan University Hospital|
|Principal Investigator:||Chi-Yung Shang, MD||Dept of Psychiatry, National Taiwan University Hospital|