Effects of Cardiac Rehabilitation on High Mobility Group Box-1 Levels After Acute Myocardial Infarction
|Acute Myocardial Infarction||Other: Exercise-based Cardiac Rehabilitation program|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
|Official Title:||Effects of Cardiac Rehabilitation on High Mobility Group Box-1 Levels After Acute Myocardial Infarction|
- High Mobility Group Box-1 (HMGB1)Levels at Baseline and 6 Months [ Time Frame: baseline and 6-month follow-up ]
- Peak Oxygen Consumption (VO2peak) at Baseline and 6 Months [ Time Frame: Baseline and 6-month follow-up ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Training Group
Postinfarction patients undergo 6-month exercise-based Cardiac Rehabilitation Program
Other: Exercise-based Cardiac Rehabilitation program
Trained patients attend the exercise training protocol for 6 months on hospital ambulatory-based regimen 3 times/week. Training sessions are supervised under continuous electrocardiography monitoring by a cardiologist, a physiotherapist and a graduate nurse. Each session is preceded by a 5-min warming-up and followed by a 5-min cooling-down. Exercise is performed for 30 min on a bicycle ergometer with the target of 60-70% of the peak oxygen consumption achieved at the initial symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise test. Exercise protocol is performed with a gradual increase in exercise workload until the achievement of the predefined target.
Other Name: Cardiac Rehabilitation
No Intervention: Control Group
Postinfarction patients NOT undergoing 6-months exercise-based Cardiac Rehabilitation program
Exercise-based Cardiac Rehabilitation after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has beneficial effects on cardiovascular functional capacity, quality of life, risk factors modification, and morbidity and mortality. Mounting evidences suggest that inflammation plays a key role both on initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. Several markers of systemic inflammation appear to be active effectors in the pathophysiology of athero-thrombotic disease leading to the occurrence of AMI.
The high mobility group box 1 (HMGB-1) is a ubiquitous nuclear protein constitutively expressed in quiescent cells, and it has been implicated in several cellular functions, including determination of nucleosomal structure and stability, and binding of transcription factors to DNA sequences. HMGB-1 has been recently recognized as a critical mediator of inflammatory diseases. In fact, the passive release of this protein from necrotic or damaged cells represents an effective stimulus triggering the inflammatory response. Specifically, HMGB-1 binds to the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and, in turns, it activates mitogen-activated protein-kinase (MAPK) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB).
This intracellular pathway leads to the production of several pro-inflammatory cytokines. Interestingly, increased levels of HMGB-1 have been observed in atherosclerotic lesions, suggesting that HMGB-1 might be involved in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis.
This study was designed to investigate the relationship between HMGB-1 and strong postinfarction predictors of outcome such as cardiopulmonary and echocardiographic parameters before and after a 6-month exercise-based Cardiac Rehabilitation program.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00755131
|University of Naples "Federico II"|
|Naples, Italy, 80131|
|Study Director:||Carlo Vigorito, M.D.||Federico II University|