Vitamin D and Coronary Calcification Study (VCOR)
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have a higher mortality rate than the general population, with cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounting for approximately 50% of deaths. Vascular calcification is a common finding in patients with CKD. Furthermore, patients with CKD develop secondary hyperparathyroidism, partly because of a decrease of calcitriol synthesis on the kidney. Treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism includes use of activated vitamin D including calcitriol and paricalcitol. Recent evidence in dialysis patients suggest an improved survival in patients using paricalcitol compared to calcitriol.
Studies in uremic rats suggests that there are differential effects of calcitriol and paricalcitol in expression of markers of soft-tissue calcification independent of calcium-phosphorus product. Calcitriol increased calcification of vascular smooth muscle cells cultured in calcification media. There was also significant increase in pulse pressure in animals treated with calcitriol.
The investigators hypothesize that these different forms of vitamin D may have differential effects in vascular calcification progression in CKD patients.
Chronic Kidney Disease
Vitamin D Deficiency
Disorders of Calcium and Bone Metabolism
Drug: Calcitriol (Rocaltrol®)
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||A Phase IV, Randomized, Single-center Study of the Effects of Calcitriol and Paricalcitol on Vascular Calcification in Chronic Kidney Disease Stages 3 and 4|
- To determine prospectively if there is a differential effect on coronary artery (CAC) score progression between calcitriol and paricalcitol in patients with chronic kidney disease. [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 48 ]
- To determine prospectively if there is a differential effect on aortic and valvular score progression and arterial stiffness in patients with chronic kidney disease receiving calcitriol and paricalcitol. [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 48 ]
- To determine prospectively if there is a differential effect on biomarkers of vascular calcification and mineral metabolism in patients with chronic kidney disease receiving calcitriol and paricalcitol. [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 48 ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Active Comparator: Calcitriol||
Drug: Calcitriol (Rocaltrol®)
Subjects taking calcitriol will be started at 0.25 mcg 3x/week and titrated up during the next visit according to PTH levels. If at the 12 week visit, PTH is still not at goal, then calcitriol will be increased to 0.5 mcg 3x/week.
|Active Comparator: Paricalcitol||
Subjects taking paricalcitol will be started at 2 mcg 3x/week and titrated up during the next visit according to PTH levels. If at the 12 week visit, PTH is still not at goal, then paricalcitol will be increased to 4 mcg 3x/week.
Other Name: Zemplar®
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00752102
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania|
|Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19107|
|Principal Investigator:||Sylvia E Rosas, MD, MSCE||University of Pennsylvania|