Mothers Overcoming and Managing Stress (MOMS)
|Posttraumatic Stress Disorder PTSD||Behavioral: Trauma Affect Regulation: Guide for Education and Therapy Behavioral: Present Centered Therapy (PCT) - psychotherapy Other: No-treatment "waitlist" group||Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Breaking the Cycle for Women With Behavioral Problems and Crime|
- Reduced PTSD symptoms/impairment as evidenced by improvements on the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS), Post-Traumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI), Traumatic Memories Questionnaire (TMQ), and the Interpretation of PTSD Symptoms Inventory (IPSI). [ Time Frame: post-therapy, 3-month and 6-month follow-ups ]
- Improved affect/interpersonal self-regulation as evidenced by improvement on the Negative Mood Regulation Scale, Inventory of Interpersonal Problems, Multiscale Dissociation Inventory, Anxiety Inventory, and Beck Depression Inventory. [ Time Frame: Post-treatment, 3-month and 6-month follow-ups ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: 1
12 weekly sessions of one-to-one TARGET (psychotherapy)
Behavioral: Trauma Affect Regulation: Guide for Education and Therapy
Trauma Affect Regulation: Guide for Education and Therapy (TARGET; Ford & Russo, 2006) is a manualized gender-specific treatment for PTSD. TARGET teaches a practical 7-step sequence of skills for processing and managing trauma-related reactions to current stressful experiences, summarized by a mnemonic ("FREEDOM"), e.g., Focusing ("F"), Recognizing current triggers. TARGET also involves creative arts activities, i.e., personalized "lifelines" via collage, drawing, poetry, and writing that may include traumatic experiences but emphasize "life story" narrative reconstruction with no exposure therapy.
Other Name: Julian Ford
Active Comparator: 2
12 weekly sessions of one-to-one PCT (psychotherapy)
Behavioral: Present Centered Therapy (PCT) - psychotherapy
Present Centered Therapy (PCT) is a 12-session supportive therapy adapted a 14-session version co-developed by the first author (McDonagh-Coyle et al., 2005). Psychoeducation is provided about the link between traumatic events, PTSD symptoms, and problems in relationships, and social problem solving skills are taught to address the "traumagenic dynamics" of betrayal, stigma, powerlessness, and sexualization (Finkelhor, 1987). PCT focuses on addressing current problems rather than trauma memory-based exposure therapy, and uses a distinctive mnemonic to organize the skill set. PCT has clients keep a journal of relational stressors and responses as between-session homework.
Other Name: McDonagh-Coyle
90-day wait-list group
Other: No-treatment "waitlist" group
After a 90 day wait-list period, participants were invited to choose one of the treatment approaches (PCT or TARGET) and engage in 12 sessions of therapy.
Hypotheses, Objectives and Aims:
The study is a randomized clinical trial comparing two stress management counseling interventions with a wait-list comparison condition to determine their efficacy in addressing behavioral, cognitive, affective, and interpersonal effects of PTSD that often occurs for persons living in adverse socioeconomic circumstances and in violent families and communities. One goal of the study is to reduce the severity of or produce remission from PTSD, in order to reduce impulsivity, aggression, dissociation, and isolation by high-risk or previously incarcerated women. The long-term goal, which will be assessed in subsequent studies over time is to reduce the likelihood of their or their children becoming involved in, or victimized by other persons' involvement in, illegal activities. Children will not be involved in the present study, only women who are the mothers of young children.
Aim #1: To test the efficacy of TARGET and PCT. TARGET (Frisman, L., Ford, J. D., Lin, H., Mallon, S., & Chang, R., 2008) and PCT (McDonagh A, Friedman M, McHugo G, Ford J, Sengupta A, Mueser K, Demment CC, Fournier D, Schnurr PP, Descamps M., 2005) have demonstrated efficacy in randomized trial studies, but have not been tested specifically with mothers of young children. The study will assess outcomes that are of potential importance not only for the well being of the participating women but for their ability to develop secure attachments with their child which are protective against exposure to violence, crime, and victimization and associated with positive psychosocial development by children. Outcome measures reflect self-regulatory capacities compromised by trauma that are essential for effective caregiving by adults.
Aim #2: To compare the efficacy of TARGET and PCT on theory-based differential outcomes. TARGET and PCT use similar but different therapeutic strategies. Each teaches skills for managing negative emotions and critical symptoms (e.g., inhibiting impulsivity). TARGET teaches a skill sequence for affect regulation and social/interoceptive information processing, while PCT teaches a skill sequence for recognizing and solving problems in relationships. We expect that TARGET and PCT will reduce stress-related avoidance and depression and enhance active coping with current stressors. TARGET should be superior to PCT in enhancing the ability to cope with trauma memories, stress reactivity, and anxiety, and therefore the ability to remain free from illegal activities or future or further involvement with criminal justice systems. PCT should be superior to TARGET in enhancing the participant's overall social adjustment.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00751244
|United States, Connecticut|
|University of Connecticut Health Center|
|Farmington, Connecticut, United States, 06030|
|Burgdorf Clinic/Bank of America Health Center on the Mount Sinai Campus of Saint Francis Hospital and Medical Center|
|Hartford, Connecticut, United States, 06112-1548|
|Principal Investigator:||Julian Ford, Ph.D.||UConn Health|
|Study Director:||Joan Levine, M.P.H.||UConn Health|