Try our beta test site
IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more...

Vital Pulp Therapy to Treat Irreversible Pulpitis (VPT)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Saeed Asgary, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00748280
First received: September 4, 2008
Last updated: April 26, 2017
Last verified: April 2017
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate non-inferiority of pulpotomy treatment (with new endodontic bio-materials) as a new treatment with one-visit root canal therapy as reference treatment in pain relief and clinical and radiographic success, for irreversible pulpitis of human permanent molar teeth.

Condition Intervention
Pulpitis
Procedure: One-visit root canal therapy
Procedure: pulpotomy

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Pulpotomy Versus Root Canal Therapy to Treat Irreversible Pulpitis in Human Permanent Molars: A Multicenter Randomized Non-inferiority Trial.

Further study details as provided by Saeed Asgary, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical and radiographical success of pulpotomy with CEM cement [ Time Frame: 5 year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Patient Assessment of Pain - Visual Analogue Scale [ Time Frame: 7 day ]

Enrollment: 615
Study Start Date: April 2008
Study Completion Date: September 2016
Primary Completion Date: September 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
ORCT
Procedure: One-visit root canal therapy
Teeth were isolated, caries was removed and access cavities were prepared. Canal preparation was conducted using step-back technique. The working lengths were determined and confirmed by radiographs. The minimum size file for preparing the working length was size ISO #25 K-file to within 0.5-2 mm of the radiographic apex of the root. During hand instrumentation, canals were frequently irrigated with adequate amount of sterile normal saline solution. The root canals were filled with multiple gutta-percha cones and sealer using lateral condensation technique. Placing a cotton pellet in the pulp chamber, the access cavity was temporarily filled. The treatments of all samples were performed one-visit.
Other Name: single-visit RCT
Experimental: 2
PCEM/PMTA
Procedure: pulpotomy
Pulpotomy was performed with a large round bur in a high-speed handpiece with copious irrigation; removing inflamed pulp tissue to stump level. Hemostasis was achieved by irrigation of the cavity with sterile normal saline and application of small pieces of sterile cotton pellets. The blood clot-free pulpal wound was covered with approximately 2 mm layer of endodontic bio-materials, a sterile wet cotton pellet was then placed over the MTA/CEM cement and the cavity sealed with Cavit.

Detailed Description:

In one visit RCT (Arm 1): The teeth were anesthetized, isolated and endodontic access and instrumentation of all canals was done. Canal preparation was conducted using a step-back technique. The working lengths were determined and confirmed by radiography. Sterile normal saline solution was used for intra-canal irrigation. Root canals were obturated with gutta-percha and sealer using lateral condensation technique. After placing a cotton pellet in the pulp chamber, the access cavity was closed with Cavit.

In pulpotomy treatment with CEM/MTA (Arm 2): The teeth were anesthetized. Pulpotomy procedure of removing inflamed pulp tissue to the stump level was done. Homeostasis was achieved by irrigating the cavity with sterile normal saline and application of small pieces of sterile cotton pellets. The pulpal wound was covered with an approximately 2-mm-thick layer of MTA/CEM cement. Pulp chambers were then covered with a wet cotton pellet and sealed with Cavit.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   9 Years to 65 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnostic criteria:

    1. Patient reports pain of endodontic origin
    2. Diagnosis of irreversible pulpitis
  • Eligibility criteria:

    1. Molar tooth
    2. Patient chooses to have tooth extraction for pain relief
    3. Age 9-65 years
    4. Both gender
    5. The patient had read and thoroughly understood the questionnaires; and
    6. Written informed consent
  • Exclusion Criteria:

    1. Moderate or severe periodontitis
    2. None restorable tooth
    3. Internal or external root resorption
    4. Root canal calcification
    5. No bleeding after access cavity preparation
    6. Analgesic taken within the last 4 h
    7. Active systemic disease
    8. The patient was pregnant or nursing
    9. History of opioid addiction or abuse
    10. Temporary residency
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00748280

Locations
Iran, Islamic Republic of
Iranian Center for Endodontic research
Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of, 19839
Sponsors and Collaborators
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
Investigators
Study Director: Mohammad Jafar Eghbal, Prof. Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
Principal Investigator: Jamileh Ghoddusi, Prof. Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
  More Information

Responsible Party: Saeed Asgary, Dean, Iranian Center foe Endodontic Research, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00748280     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: C/B/4/8253
Study First Received: September 4, 2008
Last Updated: April 26, 2017

Keywords provided by Saeed Asgary, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences:
Endodontics
CEM cement
Calcium enriched mixture
MTA
Root Canal Therapy
Pain
Pulpotomy
Human
Permanent
Molar teeth

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pulpitis
Dental Pulp Diseases
Tooth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on May 25, 2017