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Examining the Relationship Between Hormone Therapy (HT) and Cognitive Function (The WHIMS-ECHO Study) (WHIMS-ECHO)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Stephen R. Rapp, Wake Forest University Health Sciences Identifier:
First received: August 29, 2008
Last updated: March 23, 2017
Last verified: March 2017
This is a prospective, observational study of the cohort of older post-menopausal participants in the WHI Memory Study, a sub-cohort of participants in the WHI Hormone Trials. Annual cognitive assessments and ascertainment of cognitive impairment enable the continued monitoring of long-term effects of randomization to HT on cognition and identification of predictors of cognitive vulnerability and resilience in older women.


Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Women's Health Initiative Memory Study--Epidemiology of Cognitive Health Outcomes

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Stephen R. Rapp, Wake Forest University Health Sciences:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • All-cause dementia and Mild Cognitive Impairment [ Time Frame: Measured annually ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Global and domain specific cognitive function [ Time Frame: Measured annually ]

Enrollment: 2922
Study Start Date: August 2008
Estimated Study Completion Date: November 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date: November 2021 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:
Identification of the predictors of cognitive impairment and cognitive resilience among aging women is important because the incidence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia increases with age and women live the longest. The Women's Health Initiative Memory Study examined the impact of randomization to hormone therapy (conjugated equine estrogen alone or in combination with medroxyprogesterone vs. placebo) in a subset of participants aged 65-79 years at enrollment into WHI and the WHI Hormone Trials. WHIMS revealed an increased risk of all-cause dementia and MCI plus poorer global cognitive function among women randomized to HT compared to those receiving placebo. WHIMS ECHO is a prospective, observational study of the remaining cohort of WHIMS participants following cessation of treatment. Annual cognitive assessments of learning, attention, memory, working memory, executive function and language are conducted by telephone by trained staff and adjudication of incident cognitive impairment (MCI and dementia) continues. This enables the continued monitoring of long-term effects of randomization to HT on cognition and identification of predictors of cognitive aging and resilience in older women.

Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Participants will include women who participated in the WHIMS study.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participated in the WHIMS study

Exclusion Criteria

  • Non-English speaking
  • Hearing Impaired
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00745056

United States, North Carolina
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27157
Sponsors and Collaborators
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Principal Investigator: Stephen R. Rapp, PhD Wake Forest University Health Sciences
  More Information


Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Stephen R. Rapp, Professor, Wake Forest University Health Sciences Identifier: NCT00745056     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1436
Study First Received: August 29, 2008
Last Updated: March 23, 2017
Individual Participant Data  
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: WHIMS-ECHO will follow guidelines, methods and processes as set forth in the WHI 2015-2020 Data Sharing Plan. Limited data sets will be archived on the WHIMS-ECHO website. Accompanying the limited data sets, substantial electronic documentation will be provided in a standard format that is readable on a variety of platforms. Documentation will include data collection forms, a description of study protocol and procedures, description of all variable re-coding and a list of major study publications. These data will be available to users only under a data-sharing agreement that provides for: a commitment to using the data only for research purposes and not to identify any individual participant; a commitment to securing the data using appropriate computer technology; and a commitment to destroying or returning the data after analyses are completed. Data will be made available for timely release no later than the acceptance for publication of the main findings from the final dataset.

Keywords provided by Stephen R. Rapp, Wake Forest University Health Sciences:
Hormone Therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders processed this record on May 25, 2017